1899 in the United States
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|1899 in the United States|
|Years:||1896 1897 1898 – 1899 – 1900 1901 1902|
45 stars (1896–1908)
Events from the year 1899 in the United States.
- President: William McKinley (Republican)
- Vice President: Garret Hobart (Republican) (until November 21), vacant (starting November 21)
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Thomas Brackett Reed (R-Maine) (until March 4), David B. Henderson (R-Iowa) (starting December 4)
- Congress: 55th (until March 4), 56th (starting March 4)
- January 1 – Queens and Staten Island merge with New York City.
- January 10 – The Tau Kappa Epsilon Fraternity is founded at Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois.
- January 17 – The United States takes possession of Wake Island.
- February 4 – The Philippine–American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila.
- February 6 – Spanish–American War: A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate.
- February 12–14 – Great Blizzard of 1899: Freezing temperatures and snow extend well south into North America, including southern Florida. It is the latest in a series of disasters to Florida's citrus industry.
- February 14 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
- March 2 – In Washington State, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
- March 24 – George Dewey is made Admiral of the US Navy.
- April 15 – Students at the University of California, Berkeley steal the Stanford Axe from Stanford University yell leaders following a baseball game, thus establishing the Axe as a symbol of the rivalry between the schools.
- May 31 – The launch of the Harriman Alaska Expedition.
- June 12 – A tornado completely destroys the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin, killing 117 and injuring more than 200.
- June 25 – Three Denver, Colorado newspapers publish a story (later proved to be a fabrication) that the Chinese government under the Guangxu Emperor is going to demolish the Great Wall of China.
- June 30 – Mile-a-Minute Murphy earns his famous nickname this day, after he becomes the first man to ride a bicycle for one mile in under a minute on Long Island.
- July 17 – America's first juvenile court is established in Chicago.
- July 19 – The Newsboys Strike takes place when the Newsies of New York go on strike (strike lasts until August 2).
- July 30 – The Harriman Alaska Expedition ends successfully.
- August 3 – The John Marshall Law School is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
- August 10 – Marshall "Major" Taylor wins the world 1-mile professional cycling championship in Montreal, securing his place as the first African American world champion in any sport.
- August 17 – A hurricane makes landfall in North Carolina's Outer Banks, completely destroying the town of Diamond City.
- September 14 – Henry H. Bliss becomes the first motor vehicle accident fatality in the US. On disembarking from a streetcar in New York City, an electric-powered taxicab strikes and crushes him and he dies from his injuries next morning.
- October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down.
- November 4 – The Alpha Sigma Tau Sorority is founded in Ypsilanti, Michigan.
- November 8 – The Bronx Zoo opens in New York City.
- December 2 – Philippine-American War – Battle of Tirad Pass: ("The Filipino Thermopylae") General Gregorio del Pilar and his troops are able to guard the retreat of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo before being wiped out.
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the town of Manteo, which was originally laid out as the Dare county seat in 1870.
- Gold is discovered in Nome, Alaska.
- Gay Nineties (1890–1899)
- Progressive Era (1890s–1920s)
- Lochner era (c. 1897–c. 1937)
- Philippine–American War (1899–1902)
- January 9 – John A. Danaher, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1939 till 1945. (died 1990)
- January 17 – Al Capone, Gangster and moboss, former Alcatraz convict. (died 1947)
- May 15 – Leonard B. Jordan, United States Senator from Idaho from 1962 till 1973. (died 1983)
- July 7 – Claude P. Dettloff, photographer (died 1978)
- July 21 – Ernest Hemingway, Famous author and poet. (died 1961)
- September 9 – Neil Hamilton, actor (died 1984)
- December 20 – John Sparkman, United States Senator from Alabama from 1946 till 1979. (died 1985)
- December 25 – Humphrey Bogart, actor (died 1957)
- January 26 – Augustus Hill Garland, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1885 till 1889. (born 1832)
- March 19 – Patrick Walsh, Ireland-born United States Senator from Georgia from 1894 till 1895. (born 1840)
- April 10 – Horace Tabor, United States Senator from Colorado in 1883. (born 1830)
- April 24 – Richard J. Oglesby, United States Senator from Illinois from 1873 till 1878. (born 1824)
- July 18 – Horatio Alger, Jr., Unitarian minister and author (born 1832)
- September 9 – James B. Eustis, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1876 till 1879 and from 1885 till 1891. (born 1834)
- October 5 – James Harlan, United States Senator from Iowa from 1865 till 1866. (born 1820)
- "Professional Information". The Major Taylor Society. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
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