18 Stafford Terrace
18 Stafford Terrace formerly known as Linley Sambourne House was the home of the Punch illustrator Edward Linley Sambourne (1844-1910) in Kensington, London. The house is currently open to the public as a museum
18 Stafford Terrace was an almost new townhouse when the Sambournes moved in, in 1875. It was Linley Sambourne who set about re-decorating the house in the Aesthetic style. Today the house is a fine example of middle class Aestheticism; its influences can still be seen permeating throughout the house, from decorative Sunflower motifs in the stained glass windows to the fine selection of William Morris wallpapers that hang within the rooms through to the displayed collection of blue-and-white Chinese import porcelain.
Linley Sambourne died in 1910 but it wasn't until his wife Marion's death four years later that the house passed to their bachelor son Roy. Roy kept the house's interior largely unchanged until his own death in 1946. The house then passed to Roy's sister Maud Messel. Maud already had a large London residence therefore 18 Stafford remained mostly unoccupied and unchanged. In the years leading up to Maud's death in 1960, the house had become increasingly fascinating to her daughter Anne, Countess of Rosse. This fascination led to Anne proposing the foundation of The Victorian Society in 1957, and in turn the continued preservation of the house largely as it had been lived in by Linley.
Lady Rosse negotiated the sale of the house to the Greater London Council and the lease to the Victorian Society in 1980; the house was then opened to the public as a museum which included the furniture, art, and decorative schemes retained from its original inhabitants, Linley Sambourne and his household. Following the demise of the Greater London Council the ownership of the house transferred to the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in 1989. The Royal Borough continued to work with the Victorian Society until 2000, when the lease to the Victorian Society wasn't renewed.
The Sambourne Family Archive
The archive is made up of personal papers relating to Edward Linley Sambourne, members of his family and their home at 18 Stafford Terrace. Dating from 1815 to the present day it includes diaries, letters, legal and financial papers, photographs and ephemera which give insights into both Sambourne's professional and middle-class family life in the later Victorian/Edwardian period.
- John Pym, Merchant Ivory's English Landscape, Abrams, ISBN 0-8109-4275-5, 1995, p. 50-51
- Nicholson, Shirley (2010). A Victorian Household: Based on the Diaries of Marion Sambourne. Barwin Press. ISBN 978-0-902242-78-4.
- Ormond, Leonee (2010). Linley Sambourne: Illustrator and Punch Cartoonist. Paul Holberton. ISBN 978-1-907372-03-2.
- Robbins, Daniel (2006). "Stopping the clock: the preservation and presentation of Linley Sambourne House, 18 Stafford Terrace". In Keeble, Trevor; Martin, Brenda; Sparke, Penny. The modern period room: the construction of the exhibited interior 1870 to 1950. Taylor & Francis. pp. 46–58. ISBN 0-415-37469-3.
- Robbins, Daniel; Suleman, Reena; Hunter, Pamela (2003). Linley Sambourne House: 18 Stafford Terrace, Kensington. The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. ISBN 0-902242-20-2.
- Stourton, James (2012). Great Houses of London. London: Frances Lincoln. ISBN 978-0-7112-3366-9.
- Public Artist Private Passions: The World of Edward Linley Sambourne. London: The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. 2001.
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