The 18th Indian Division was formed during World War I in 1917 from units of the British Indian Army, for service in Mesopotamia and Persia, in what was called the Mesopotamia Campaign. The Division was attached to the Tigris Corps and was involved in the Actions at the Fat-ha Gorge and on the Little Zab between the 23–26 October 1918 and the Battle of Sharqat between 28–30 October 1918.
At the end of the war the division would remain in Iraq as part of the Iraq Occupation Force, until it was disbanded in 1920.
Indian troops Mesopotamia
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Formation 30 March 1918
- ACCOUNT OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE 18TH (INDIAN) DIVISION IN MESOPOTAMIA DECEMBER 1917 TO DECEMBER 1918, Navy and Military Press, Lieut Col WE Wilson-Johnston, ISBN 978-1-84574-323-9
- Perry, F.W. & Becke, A.F. (1945). History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions: Indian Army Divisions Pt. 5B. London HMSO. ISBN 1-871167-23-X
- Haythornthwaite P.J. (1992). The World War One Sourcebook, Arms and Armour Press.
- Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign, Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5