18th New Zealand Parliament

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The 18th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It was elected at the 1911 general election in December of that year.

1911 general election[edit]

The Second Ballot Act 1908 was used for the 1911 general election. The first ballot was held on Thursday, 7 December in the general electorates. The second ballots were held one week later on 14 December. The Second Ballot Act did not apply to the four Māori electorates and the election was held on Tuesday, 19 December.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 42 represented North Island electorates, 34 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[2] 590,042 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 83.5%.[1]

Sessions[edit]

The 18th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1912), and was prorogued on 20 November 1914.[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 15 June 1912 1 March 1912
second 27 June 1912 7 November 1912
third 26 June 1913 16 December 1913
fourth 25 June 1914 5 November 1914

Ministries[edit]

The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[4] Joseph Ward formed the Ward Ministry on 6 August 1906.[5][6] The Ward Ministry remained in power until Ward's resignation as Prime Minister in March 1912.[7][5] The Liberal Party remained in power only on the casting vote of the Speaker, Arthur Guinness, selected Thomas Mackenzie as Prime Minister and he formed the Mackenzie Ministry on 28 March 1912.[7][8] In July 1912, Mackenzie lost a vote of no confidence, resigned as Prime Minister and handed over to William Massey of the Reform Party, bringing to an end the long reign of the Liberal Party.[9] The Massey Ministry lasted for the remainder of the parliamentary term.[10]

Initial composition of the 18th Parliament[edit]

The following are the results of the 1911 general election:

Key

 Reform    Liberal    Socialist  
 Ind. Labour League    Independent   Affiliation unknown
Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1911[11]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates[nb 1]
Ashburton William Nosworthy 913† John Kennedy
Auckland Central Albert Glover 2,261 Michael Joseph Savage
Gisborne James Carroll (uncontested)
Parnell Frank Lawry James Samuel Dickson 438† John Findlay
Waimarino (new electorate) Robert William Smith 480† Frank Hockly
Waipawa Charles Hall George Hunter 569 Albert Jull
Waitemata Leonard Phillips James Samuel Dickson 407† William Joseph Napier
Wellington East David McLaren Alfred Newman 65 David McLaren
Māori electorates[nb 2]
Eastern Maori Sir Apirana Ngata (uncontested)
Northern Maori Te Rangi Hīroa 405 Riapo Timoti Puhipi
Southern Maori Tame Parata Taare Parata 31 Hopere Uru
Western Maori Henare Kaihau Maui Pomare 565 Henare Kaihau

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ † in Majority column depicts electorates in which a second ballot was held.
  2. ^ The affiliation of many of the Maori candidates is unknown or uncertain; note that the Second Ballot Act 1908 did not apply to Maori constituencies.
Electorate Incumbent Winner Second Place
Auckland East Arthur Myers Arthur Myers Arthur Withy
Auckland West Charles Poole James Bradney Charles Poole
Avon George Russell George Russell James McCombs
Awarua Joseph Ward Joseph Ward John Hamilton
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed Vernon Reed G Wilkinson
Bay of Plenty William MacDonald William MacDonald H D De Lautour
Bruce James Allen James Allen P McKinlay
Buller James Colvin James Colvin Fergus Ferguson Munro
Chalmers Edward Henry Clark Edward Henry Clark J T Johnson
Christchurch East Thomas Davey Thomas Davey Henry Thacker
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Leonard Isitt J D Hall
Christchurch South Harry Ell Harry Ell Gains Whiting
Clutha Alexander Malcolm Alexander Malcolm G Livingstone
Dunedin Central James Frederick Arnold Charles Statham James Frederick Arnold
Dunedin North George Thomson George Thomson R R Douglas
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey Thomas Sidey John McManus
Dunedin West John A. Millar John A. Millar Harry Bedford
Eden John Bollard John Bollard W J Speight
Egmont Bradshaw Dive Thomas Mackenzie Bradshaw Dive
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes Heaton Rhodes G Armstrong
Franklin William Massey William Massey J W McLarin
Grey Arthur Guinness Arthur Guinness Paddy Webb
Grey Lynn George Fowlds John Payne George Fowlds
Hawke's Bay Alfred Dillon Hugh Campbell H I Simson
Hurunui George Forbes George Forbes D D Macfarlane
Hutt Thomas Wilford Thomas Wilford Michael Reardon
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Josiah Hanan T Fleming
Kaiapoi David Buddo David Buddo R Moore
Kaipara John Stallworthy Gordon Coates John Stallworthy
Lyttelton George Laurenson George Laurenson Colin Cook
Manukau Frederic Lang Frederic Lang R D Stewart
Marsden Francis Mander Francis Mander E C Purdie
Masterton Alexander Hogg George Sykes Alexander Hogg
Mataura George Anderson George Anderson J MacGibbon
Motueka Roderick McKenzie Roderick McKenzie F W O Smith
Napier Vigor Brown Vigor Brown H T Hill
Nelson John Graham Harry Atmore W G Moffatt
Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan Ernest Lee Thomas Young Duncan
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Hugh Poland Pat Hickey
Oroua David Guthrie David Guthrie R E Hornblow
Otago Central New Electorate Robert Scott W D Mason
Otaki William Hughes Field John Robertson William Hughes Field
Pahiatua Robert Ross James Escott Robert Ross
Palmerston David Buick David Buick Robert McNab
Patea George Pearce George Pearce P O'Dea
Raglan New Electorate Richard Bollard Allen Bell
Rangitikei Robert William Smith Edward Newman W Meldrum
Riccarton George Witty George Witty C H Ensor
Selwyn Charles Hardy William Dickie Charles Hardy
Stratford John Hine John Hine J McCluggage
Taranaki Henry Okey Henry Okey Charles Bellringer
Taumarunui William Thomas Jennings Charles Wilson William Thomas Jennings
Tauranga William Herries William Herries R King
Temuka New Electorate Thomas Buxton W Jeffries
Thames Edmund Taylor Thomas William Rhodes Edmund Taylor
Timaru James Craigie James Craigie J H Moore
Waikato Henry Greenslade Alexander Young Henry Greenslade
Waimarino New Electorate Robert William Smith Frank Hockly
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan Walter Clarke Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby
Wairau John Duncan Richard McCallum John Duncan
Waitaki William Steward Francis Henry Smith John Macpherson
Wakatipu William Fraser William Fraser James Horn
Wallace John Charles Thomson John Charles Thomson A Carmichael
Wanganui James Thomas Hogan Bill Veitch James Thomas Hogan
Wellington Central Francis Fisher Francis Fisher Robert Fletcher
Wellington East David McLaren Alfred Newman David McLaren
Wellington North Alexander Herdman Alexander Herdman Arnold Woolford Izard
Wellington South Robert Wright Alfred Hindmarsh Robert Wright
Wellington Suburbs and Country John Luke William Henry Dillon Bell Frank Moore
Westland Tom Seddon Tom Seddon Henry Michel
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata Apirana Ngata None
Northern Maori Te Rangi Hīroa Te Rangi Hīroa Riapo Timoti Puhipi
Southern Maori Taare Parata Taare Parata Hopere Uru

By-elections during 18th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 18th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Egmont 1912 17 September Thomas Mackenzie Resignation Charles Wilkinson
Grey 1913[12] 17 & 24 July Arthur Guinness Death Paddy Webb
Lyttelton 1913[13] 9 & 16 December George Laurenson Death James McCombs

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  5. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, pp. 42–43.
  6. ^ Hall-Jones, John. "Hall-Jones, William 1851–1936". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Bassett, Michael. "Ward, Joseph George 1856–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 43.
  9. ^ Brooking, Tom. "Mackenzie, Thomas Noble 1853–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 43–44.
  11. ^ "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll and Notification of Second Ballot". Grey River Argus. 24 July 1913. p. 1. Retrieved 13 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "Mr McCombs Returned". Northern Advocate. 17 December 1913. p. 4. Retrieved 13 August 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.