18th and Vine-Downtown East, Kansas City
18th and Vine Historic District
|Location||Kansas City, MO|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival, Italianate, Mission/spanish Revival|
|Governing body||U.S. POSTAL SERVICE|
|MPS||18th and Vine Area of Kansas City MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||84004142|
|Added to NRHP||September 9, 1991|
18th and Vine in Kansas City, Missouri is internationally recognized as one of the cradles of jazz. Along with New Orleans's Basin Street, Beale Street in Memphis, 52nd Street in New York City and Los Angeles's Central Avenue - the 18th and Vine area was a midwife to the birth of a new style of jazz. Like the spicy barbecue for which Kansas City is so widely noted, the jazz that evolved in the 18th and Vine district was likewise distinctive. Simmered in the blues, Kansas City's jazz was a riff-based sound fueled by jam sessions in the district's crowded clubs. A list of the musicians who worked and made their home in the historic district reads like a veritable Who's Who of Jazz in the 1930s and 1940s. Charlie Parker is likely the most noted modern jazz musician to come from Kansas City. However, many notables call the city home or got their start in this significant jazz scene.
Located just east of Downtown Kansas City, it is the Kansas City metropolitan area's historic center of African American culture at 18th Street and Vine Street. It has been the focus of more than $30 million of civic investment since the late 1980s, but the district's redevelopment has struggled.
In the 1990s, parts of the film Kansas City were filmed there. Façades left from the movie remained on most of the dilapidated buildings until the end of the 1990s. Today, the 18th and Vine district includes the Mutual Musicians Foundation, the Gem Theater, the long-time offices of African-American newspaper The Call, the Blue Room jazz club, the American Jazz Museum, the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, restaurants and apartments. The district is also home to the Historic Lincoln Building which served as a hub of professional and business activity in the Black community. The building was restored in the early 1980s by the Black Economic Union of Kansas City, and continues to serve this purpose today.
Six blocks to the north, the former intersection of 12th Street and Vine has been immortalized in the Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller song, "Kansas City." Vine Street no longer intersects with 12th Street, as a housing project now stands at the site. The city, however, has since erected a street sign in a park near the housing project to mark the spot where 12th Street once crossed Vine.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- Barton, Eric (2006-09-14). "Done Deal". The Pitch. Archived from the original on 21 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-03.
- KCTV5 story on the neighborhood
- KSHB TV article on new apartments
- Marsh, Dave (1999). The Heart of Rock & Soul: The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made. Da Capo Press. pp. 125–27. ISBN 978-0-306-80901-9.
- Web site for the African-American newspaper The Call, which is located in the historic district
- "18th & Vine: Streets of Dreams,"[dead link] a more detailed history of jazz in this area that also references jazz songs that mention 18th & Vine
- Brief overview of the district from Preservation Issues
- BEUKC.org Website for the Black Economic Union and the Historic Lincoln Building
- KC Jazz District Website for the Jazz District Redevelopment Corporation
- 18th and Vine Jazz District site