1900 Republican National Convention
|1900 Presidential Election|
McKinley and Roosevelt
|Date(s)||June 19 - June 21|
|Chair||Henry C. Lodge|
|Presidential nominee||William McKinley of Ohio|
|Vice Presidential nominee||Theodore Roosevelt of New York|
|Votes needed for nomination||472|
|Results (President)||McKinley (OH): 926 (100%)|
|Results (Vice President)||Roosevelt (NY): 925 (99.9%)
Abstaining: 1 (0.1%)
The 1900 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held June 19 to June 21 in the Exposition Auditorium, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Exposition Auditorium was located south of the University of Pennsylvania, and the later Convention Hall was constructed along the building's east wall. It was demolished in 2006.
Each state was allotted two delegates per electoral vote, and territories were granted from two to six delegates. Altogether, there were 926 delegates and an equal number of alternates.
Mark Hanna opened the convention. He proposed that Senator Edward O. Wolcott of Colorado serve as temporary chairman. The purpose of Wolcott's selection was to show that the party had overcome its divisiveness of 1896, in which the Colorado delegation walked out of the Republican convention. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts served as the convention's permanent chairman.
President William McKinley was unanimously nominated for reelection. No candidate ran against him, although Admiral George Dewey considered a run. Governor Theodore Roosevelt of New York, who was himself a delegate, was nominated for Vice President by a vote of 925 to 1 abstention, with his vote alone abstaining.
The 1900 Republican National Convention included a historic first for the Republican Party: Mrs. William Henry Jones of Salt Lake City, Utah, and Mrs. J. B. West of Lewiston, Idaho served as alternate delegates.
The 1900 convention had fewer speakers than a modern convention typically has due to lack of TV and even radio at this time. There were however the following speakers:
- Prayer by Rev. Charles M. Boswell D.D.
- Henry Cabot Lodge
- Prayer by Most Rev. P.J. Ryan, Archbishop of Philadelphia
- Joseph B. Foraker, U.s. Senator from New York---McKinley nominating speech
- Theodore Roosevelt, Governor of New York and V.P. Nominee---McKinley seconding speech
- John W. Yerkes, IRS Commissioner from Kentucky
- George A. Knight, Attorney and Businessman from California
- James A. Mount, Governor of Indiana
- Lafayette Young, Newspaper reporter from Iowa---Roosevelt nominating speech
- M.J. Murray, local politician from Massachusetts---Roosevelt seconding speech
- General James M. Ashton,lawyer and soldier from Washington---Roosevelt seconding speech
- Chauncey Depew
Another major difference was that there were not as many people who spoke at a convention when they were the nominee back then, instead having nominating speeches given by others, for instance, neither Roosevelt nor Fairbanks spoke. In 1900, in a non-typical speech, Theodore Roosevelt spoke, although this was only in order to nominate William McKinley. These are some of the things that varied between them but they followed similar general rules.
The Republican party supported the current administration's actions in the Philippines, while the Democratic party promoted "anti-imperialism".
- Richard C. Bain and Judith H. Parris, Convention Decisions and Voting Records (Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 1973), pp. 158-161.
- Andrews, E. Benjamin (1912). History of the United States. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 301–325.
- Freeman, Jo (2000). A Room at a Time: How Women Entered Party Politics. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 0-8476-9804-1. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Blumenberg, Milton W. (1900). Official Proceedings of the Twelfth Republican National Convention, Held in ... Philadelphia, June, 19, 20 and 21, 1900. Philadelphia: Dunlap Printing Company. p. 62, 77. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Official proceedings of the twelfth Republican National Convention, held in ... Philadelphia, June, 19, 20 and 21, 1900
St. Louis, Missouri
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