1900 United States Census

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Twelfth Census
of the United States
Old Department of the Interior seal.gif
U.S. Department of the Interior seal
1900 census Kershaw Lindauer.gif
Population Schedule
General information
Country United States
Date taken June 1, 1900
Total population 76,212,168
Percent change Increase 21.0%
Most populous state New York
7,268,894

The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900,[1] determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.

Census questions[edit]

The 1900 census collected the following information:[2]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • gender
  • race (listed as "Color or race" on the census)
  • age, month and year born
  • marital status and, if married, number of years married
  • for women, number of children born and number now living
  • place of birth of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized
  • occupation
  • months not employed
  • school
  • ability to speak English
  • whether on a farm
  • home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether mortgaged

Full documentation for the 1900 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability[edit]

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[3] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along with digital indices.

Microdata from the 1900 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings[edit]

Rank State Population
01 New York 7,268,894
02 Pennsylvania 6,302,115
03 Illinois 4,821,550
04 Ohio 4,157,545
05 Missouri 3,106,665
06 Texas 3,048,710
07 Massachusetts 2,805,346
08 Indiana 2,516,462
09 Michigan 2,420,982
10 Iowa 2,231,853
11 Georgia 2,216,331
12 Kentucky 2,147,174
13 Wisconsin 2,069,042
14 Tennessee 2,020,616
15 North Carolina 1,893,810
16 New Jersey 1,883,669
17 Virginia 1,854,184
18 Alabama 1,828,697
19 Minnesota 1,751,394
20 Mississippi 1,551,270
21 California 1,485,053
22 Kansas 1,470,495
23 Louisiana 1,381,625
24 South Carolina 1,340,316
25 Arkansas 1,311,564
26 Maryland 1,188,044
27 Nebraska 1,066,300
28 West Virginia 958,800
29 Connecticut 908,420
30 Maine 694,466
31 Colorado 539,700
32 Florida 528,542
33 Washington 518,103
34 Rhode Island 428,556
35 Oregon 413,536
36 New Hampshire 411,588
37 South Dakota 401,570
38 Vermont 343,641
39 North Dakota 319,146
40 Utah 276,749
41 Montana 243,329
42 Delaware 184,735
43 Idaho 161,772
44 Wyoming 92,531
45 Nevada 42,335

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1900 Overview", History, US Census Bureau
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  3. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets". Retrieved May 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]

  • Historic US Census data
  • census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf