1901

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  – 1900s –  1910s  1920s  1930s
Years: 1898 1899 190019011902 1903 1904
1901 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1901 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1901
MCMI
Ab urbe condita 2654
Armenian calendar 1350
ԹՎ ՌՅԾ
Assyrian calendar 6651
Bahá'í calendar 57–58
Bengali calendar 1308
Berber calendar 2851
British Regnal year 64 Vict. 1 – 1 Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar 2445
Burmese calendar 1263
Byzantine calendar 7409–7410
Chinese calendar 庚子(Metal Rat)
4597 or 4537
    — to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4598 or 4538
Coptic calendar 1617–1618
Discordian calendar 3067
Ethiopian calendar 1893–1894
Hebrew calendar 5661–5662
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1957–1958
 - Shaka Samvat 1823–1824
 - Kali Yuga 5002–5003
Holocene calendar 11901
Igbo calendar 901–902
Iranian calendar 1279–1280
Islamic calendar 1318–1319
Japanese calendar Meiji 34
(明治34年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4234
Minguo calendar 11 before ROC
民前11年
Thai solar calendar 2444

1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar. This was the first year of the 20th century.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

January 22: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and also becomes Emperor of India.

February[edit]

March[edit]

March 6: Kaiser Wilhelm II, German Emperor, survives an assassination attempt.

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

June
  • Emily Hobhouse reports on the genocide in the 45 British concentration camps for Boer women and children in South Africa in which, over an 18 month period, 26,370 people would die, 24,000 of them children under 16. Exact mortality figures in the 64 concentration camps for black displaced farm workers and their families are not known, but even worse.[2]
  • June 2 – Katsura Tarō becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
  • June 12 – Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.
June 12: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.

July[edit]

August[edit]

Silliman University is the first American private school in the Philippines.

September[edit]

September 7: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

  • December 3 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
  • December 10 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
  • December 12 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in England to Newfoundland, Canada; it is the letter "S" in Morse.[5]
  • December 20 – The final spike is driven into the Mombasa-Victoria-Uganda Railway in what is now Kisumu, Kenya.
  • December 22 – Peace Sunday and Charles Aked, a Baptist minister in Liverpool, says about the war in South Africa: "Great Britain cannot win the battles without resorting to the last despicable cowardice of the most loathsome cur on earth — the act of striking a brave man's heart through his wife's honour and his child's life. The cowardly war has been conducted by methods of barbarism... the concentration camps have been Murder Camps." A crowd follows him home and breaks the windows of his house.[6]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January–February[edit]

March–April[edit]

May–June[edit]

July–August[edit]

September–October[edit]

November–December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

Significance of 1901 for modern computers[edit]

The date of Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901 is significant for modern computers because it is the earliest date representable with a signed 32-bit integer on systems that reference time in seconds since the Unix epoch. This corresponds to -2147483648 seconds from Thursday January 1 00:00:00 1970. For the same reason, many computers are also unable to represent an earlier date. For related reasons, many computer systems suffer from the Year 2038 problem. This is when the positive number of seconds since 1970 exceeds 2147483647 (01111111 11111111 11111111 11111111 in binary) and wraps to -2147483648. Hence the computer system erroneously displays or operates on the time Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901. In this way, the year 1900 is to the Year 2000 problem as the year 1901 is to the Year 2038 problem.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grant, Neil (1993). Chronicle of 20th Century Conflict. New York City: Reed International Books Ltd. & SMITHMARK Publishers Inc. pp. 18–19. ISBN 0-8317-1371-2. 
  2. ^ Pakenham 1979
  3. ^ "NHI Resolution No.7, Series 2002". National Historical Institute. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
  4. ^ "Alois Alzheimer". Whonamedit?. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  5. ^ Bussey, Gordon (2000). Marconi's Atlantic Leap. Coventry: Marconi. ISBN 0-9538967-0-6. 
  6. ^ "Women & Children in White Concentration Camps during the Anglo-Boer War". White Concentration Camps: Anglo-Boer War: 1900–1902. South African History Online. Retrieved 25 October 2010. 
  • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...1901 (1902); highly detailed compilation of facts and primary documents; worldwide coverage online edition