The 1901–02 Ottawa Hockey Club season was the team's 17th season of play. After not challenging for the Stanley Cup, no chance presented itself to Ottawa this season. The club finished second to Montreal in CAHL play. Montreal would play and defeat Winnipeg for the Cup.
The Ottawa Hockey Club travelled to New York after the season for an exhibition series. Ottawa defeated the Hockey Club of New York 4–3 on March 21, 1902. Ottawa lost to the New York Athletic Club 6–3 on March 23. Both games were at the St. Nicholas Rink.