1901 in France
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Events from the year 1901 in France.
- 10 August - Moberly-Jourdain incident.
Arts and literature
- 17 March - A showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
January to March
- 1 January - Marcel Balsa, motor racing driver (died 1984).
- 8 January - Eugène Constant, rower and Olympic medallist (died 1971).
- 19 January - Henri Daniel-Rops, writer and historian (died 1965).
- 24 January - Adolphe Mouron Cassandre, painter, commercial poster artist and typeface designer (died 1968).
- 20 February
- 21 February
- 17 March - Alexandre Bioussa, rugby union player (died 1966).
- 26 March - Maurice Dorléac, actor (died 1979).
April to June
- 7 April - André Trocmé, pastor who aided Jewish refugees (died 1971).
- 8 April - Jean Prouvé, architect and designer (died 1984).
- 13 April - Jacques Lacan, psychoanalyst, psychiatrist, and doctor (died 1981).
- 15 April - René Pleven, politician (died 1993).
- 20 April - Michel Leiris, surrealist writer and ethnographer (died 1990).
- 24 April - René Le Hénaff, film editor and director (died 2005).
- 15 May - Jacques Natanson, writer (died 1975).
- 18 May- Henri Sauguet, composer (died 1989).
- 25 May
- 31 May - Charles Brunier, convicted murderer and veteran of the First and Second World Wars who claimed to have been the inspiration for Papillon (died 2007).
- 16 June - Henri Lefebvre, sociologist and philosopher (died 1991).
- 24 June - Marcel Mule, classical saxophonist (died 2001).
- 26 June - Jean Boyer, film director and author (died 1965).
July to September
- 20 July - Gaston Waringhien, linguist, lexicographer and Esperantist (died 1991).
- 31 July - Jean Dubuffet, painter and sculptor (died 1985).
- 5 August - Claude Autant-Lara, film director and later MEP (died 2000).
- 17 August - Henri Tomasi, composer and conductor (died 1971).
- 18 August — Jean Guitton, Catholic philosopher and theologian (died 1999).
- 19 August - René Capitant, lawyer and politician (died 1970).
- 27 August - Pierre Villon, member of the French Communist Party and of the French Resistance (died 1980).
- 29 August - Michel Olçomendy, first Archbishop of the Singapore (died 1977).
- 8 September - Jacques Perret, writer (died 1992).
- 16 September
- 25 September — Robert Bresson, film director (died 1999).
October to December
- 3 October - François Le Lionnais, chemical engineer and mathematician (died 1984).
- 12 October - Gabriel-Marie Garrone, Cardinal (died 1994).
- 3 November - André Malraux, author, adventurer and statesman (died 1976).
- 14 December - Henri Cochet, tennis player (died 1987).
Full date unknown
- Roland Ansieau, graphic artist (died 1987).
- Corentin Louis Kervran, scientist (died 1983).
- Louis Poterat, lyricist (died 1982).
- January - Henri de Bornier, poet and dramatist (born 1825).
- 5 January - Pierre Potain, cardiologist (born 1825).
- 13 January - Gaspard Adolphe Chatin, sician, mycologist and botanist (born 1813)
- 16 January - Jules Barbier, poet and librettist (born 1825)
- 9 February - Louis-Nicolas Ménard, man of letters (born 1822).
- 17 March - Jean Charles Cazin, landscape painter and ceramicist (born 1840)
- 29 March - Xavier Barbier de Montault, theologian (born 1830)
- 9 June - Casimir Marie Gaudibert, astronomer and selenographer (born 1823).
- 12 August - Ernest de Jonquières, mathematician (born 1820).
- 17 August - Edmond Audran, composer (born 1840)
- 9 September - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, painter (born 1864).
- date unknown