1904 Atlantic hurricane season

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1904 Atlantic hurricane season
Season summary map
First storm formed June 10, 1904
Last storm dissipated November 4, 1904
Strongest storm Two – 75 knots (85 mph)
Total storms 5
Major storms (Cat. 3+) 0
Total damage $1 million (1904 USD) $23.6 million (2005 USD)
Total fatalities ≥87
Atlantic hurricane seasons
1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906

The 1904 Atlantic hurricane season ran through the summer and early fall of 1904. Five tropical storms formed, of which three became hurricanes.


Storms[edit]

Hurricane One[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration June 10 – June 14
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  <1003 mbar (hPa)

The season started early with a hurricane forming in the western Caribbean Sea on June 10. The storm moved northeastward, bringing rain and winds to Jamaica and Cuba before dissipating on June 14. The storm is believed to have caused disastrous flooding in Jamaica and Cuba. Some places in the mountains of Jamaica reported over 10 inches (250 mm) of rainfall on June 13. 87 people were reported killed in Cuban floods but the extent of the damage there is unknown.[1]

Hurricane Two[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September – September 15
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

After a three month lull, a tropical storm formed east of the Lesser Antilles on September 8, headed northwestward, and eventually hit the Myrtle Beach area as a Category 1 hurricane on September 14. This hurricane wind gusts in excess of 100 mph while a powerful extratropical cyclone moving up the eastern seaboard. New England suffered significant damage and "considerable loss of life" but no casualty figure is known to exist. Damage to shipping was also heavy. Property damage amounted to at least $1 million (1904 dollars). The vast majority of this damage occurred after the storm lost tropical characteristics.

Hurricane Three[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration September 28 – October 4
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Four[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 12 – October 21
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

October saw three storms, the first of which formed south-southeast of Jamaica on October 12. It hit the Sancti Spíritus Province in Cuba as a Category 1 hurricane, and later hit near Homestead, Florida. After looping around the state, the storm dissipated over the Bahamas on October 21. The storm brought hurricane conditions to south Florida but damage was largely restricted to downed trees and telegraph poles. Three sailing vessels were wrecked in the storm, the British Melrose, German Zion and the American James Judge. The crews of Zion and James Judge reached shore safely, but the Melrose sank offshore in heavy seas with the loss of seven crewmen. The survivors were left clinging to wreckage for nearly four days before being rescued.

Tropical Storm Five[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration October 19 – October 23
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  <1005 mbar (hPa)

The fourth storm of the season formed over the central Atlantic in the middle of October. After heading southwest, the storm headed northward and out to sea, never strengthening past 50 mph winds.

Tropical Storm Six[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration October 31 – November 4
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  <1005 mbar (hPa)

The final storm of the season formed over the Bay of Campeche on October 31. Soon after formation, it slowly traveled northward. It then veered to the northeast and tracked across the Gulf of Mexico. It made landfall near Fort Walton Beach, Florida, on November 3. It tracked across the Florida Panhandle, southern Georgia, and coastal South Carolina before changing directions to the west and dissipating over the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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