1905 in aviation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Years in aviation: 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s
Years: 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1905:

Events[edit]

January–December[edit]

  • 18 January – The Wright brothers begin discussions with the United States Government about selling it an airplane.[1]
  • 16–20 March – Daniel Maloney is launched by balloon in a tandem-wing glider designed by John Montgomery and makes three successful flights at Aptos, California, the highest launch being at 3,000 feet with an 18 minute descent to a predetermined landing location.
  • 27 April – Sapper Moreton of the British Army's balloon section is lifted 2,600 ft (792 m) by a kite at Aldershot under the supervision of the kite's designer, Samuel Cody.
  • 29 April – Daniel Maloney is launched by balloon in a tandem-wing glider designed by John Montgomery to an altitude of 4,000 feet before release and gliding and then landing at a predetermined location as part of a large public demonstration of aerial flight at Santa Clara, California.
  • 6 June – Gabriel Voisin lifts off of and flies along the River Seine in his float-glider towed by a motorboat.
  • 23 June – The Wright brothers fly the Wright Flyer III for the first time. It is the first fully controllable and practical version of the original 1903 Wright Flyer.[2]
  • 14 July – Orville Wright has a serious crash with Wright Flyer III, upon which the Wright Brothers radically alter the aircraft. The front rudder[dubious ] is mainly the culprit for the Flyer's insistent pitching.
  • 18 July – Daniel Maloney makes a launch in a tandem-wing glider designed by John Montgomery at Santa Clara, California. However, a balloon cable damages the glider and upon release Maloney and the aircraft fall uncontrolled to the ground, leading to Maloney's death. Only the third death of an aeroplane pilot after Lilenthal and Pilcher.
  • 5 August – Nineteen-year old Welshman Ernest Willows makes the first flight of Willows No. 1 a semi-rigid airship he had built.
  • September – The Wright Brothers resume flight experiments with the re-designed Flyer III with performance of the airplane immediately in the positive. Smooth controlled flights lasting over 20 minutes now occur.
  • 4 October – Piloting the Flyer III over Huffman Prairie outside Dayton, Ohio, Orville Wright makes the first airplane flight in history of over 30 minutes in length.[3]
  • 5 October – Wilbur Wright makes a flight of 24.2 miles (38.9 km) over Huffman Prairie in the Flyer III. The flight lasts for 39 minutes 23 seconds.
  • 14 October – The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) is founded in Paris.
  • 15 October – The Wright brothers record a flight of just over 24 miles (38.6 km) in 28 minutes in the Wright Flyer III.[4]
  • 16 October – The Wright brothers complete their 1905 test flight program, making their last flight until May 1908.[2]
  • 30 November – At Lake Constance, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's LZ2 airship is damaged significantly while attempting its first launch.[2]
  • December – Neil MacDermid is carried aloft in Canada by a large box kite named The Siamese Twins, designed by Alexander Graham Bell.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Century of Flight Aviation Timeline 1904
  2. ^ a b c Century of Flight Aviation Timeline 1905
  3. ^ Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 82.
  4. ^ Franks, Norman, Aircraft vs. Aircraft: The Illustrated Story of Fighter Pilot Combat From 1914 to the Present Day, London: Grub Street, 1998, ISBN 1-902304-04-7, p. 7.