1905 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1895 . 1896 . 1897 . 1898 . 1899 . 1900 . 1901 ...
1902 1903 1904 -1905- 1906 1907 1908
... 1909 . 1910 . 1911 . 1912 . 1913 . 1914 . 1915 ...
In poetry: 1902 1903 1904 -1905- 1906 1907 1908
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1905 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- January–September - L. Frank Baum's Animal Fairy Tales are published in The Delineator magazine.
- January 5 - Baroness Emma Orczy's play The Scarlet Pimpernel, adapted by Julia Neilson and Fred Terry (who play the leads), makes its London debut at the New Theatre, followed shortly by publication of the novel.
- January 16 - Neil Munro begins publishing his Vital Spark stories in the Glasgow Evening News.
- February - Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle begins serialization in the American socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason.
- July - Beatrix Potter becomes engaged to her editor Norman Warne; however, on August 25 he dies suddenly and unexpectedly of pernicious anemia. Soon afterwards she completes purchase of her English Lake District home, Hill Top.
- October 13 - English actor-manager Sir Henry Irving collapses on stage in the role of Thomas Becket while on tour in Bradford, dying soon afterwards.
- December 10 - O. Henry's short story "The Gift of the Magi" is first published (as "Gifts of the Magi") in The New York Sunday World.
- The first of several chapters of I Am a Cat (吾輩は猫である) by Natsume Sōseki are published serially in Hototogisu.
- The group Noor-Eesti ("Young Estonia") is formed to promote the Estonian national awakening in language and literature.
- The National Library of Thailand is created as the "Vajirayanana Library for the Capital City" in Bangkok through the merger of the Mandira Dharma Library, the Vajirayanana Library and the Buddhasasana Sangaha Library by royal decree.
- Edwin Lester Arnold - Lieut. Gullivar Jones: His Vacation
- Lord Dunsany - The Gods of Pegāna
- L. Frank Baum
- Margarete Böhme - Tagebuch einer Verlorenen ("The Diary of a Lost Girl")
- Angela Brazil - A Terrible Tomboy
- Rhoda Broughton - A Waif's Progress
- Marquis de Sade - The 120 Days of Sodom (Les 120 journées de Sodome, written 1785)
- Frances Hodgson Burnett - A Little Princess
- Mary Boykin Chesnut - A Diary from Dixie
- Arthur Conan Doyle - The Return of Sherlock Holmes (stories collected in book format)
- Antonio Fogazzaro - Il Santo ("The Saint")
- E. M. Forster - Where Angels Fear to Tread
- Robert Hichens - The Garden of Allah
- W. H. Hudson - A Little Boy Lost
- W. J. Locke - The Morals of Marcus Ordeyne
- Jack London - White Fang
- Leopoldo Lugones - La Guerra Gaucha
- Heinrich Mann - Professor Unrat
- George Moore - The Lake
- Baroness Orczy
- Hjalmar Söderberg - Doctor Glas
- Katherine Thurston - The Gambler
- Mark Twain - King Leopold's Soliloquy
- H. A. Vachell - The Hill
- Jules Verne
- Elizabeth von Arnim - Princess Priscilla's Fortnight
- Mary Augusta Ward - The Marriage of William Ashe
- H. G. Wells - Kipps
- Edith Wharton - The House of Mirth
- David Belasco - The Girl of the Golden West
- Maxim Gorky - Children of the Sun (Дети солнца, Deti solntsa)
- Harley Granville-Barker - The Voysey Inheritance
- Sacha Guitry
- Le KWTZ
- Rainis - Uguns un nakts ("Fire and Night")
- George Bernard Shaw - Major Barbara
- J. M. Synge - The Well of the Saints
Main article: 1905 in poetry
- E. Clerihew Bentley - Biography for Beginners
- Gjergj Fishta - Lahuta e Malcís ("The Highland Lute"; begins publication)
- Rainer Maria Rilke - The Book of Hours (Das Stunden-Buch)
- Phan Bội Châu - Viet Nam vong quoc su
- G. K. Chesterton - Orthodoxy
- Afevork Ghevre Jesus - Grammatica della lingua amarica
- H. E. Marshall - Our Island Story
- January 6 - Idris Davies, Anglo-Welsh poet (died 1953)
- January 31 - John O'Hara, writer (died 1970)
- February 2 - Ayn Rand, Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright and screenwriter (died 1982)
- February 7 - Paul Nizan, author (died 1940)
- March 2 - Geoffrey Grigson, English poet and critic (died 1985)
- March 23 - Joseph Henry Reason, African American librarian (died 1997)
- March 31 - Kulap Saipradit (pen name Siburapha), Thai novelist (died 1974)
- May 16 - H. E. Bates, novelist (died 1974)
- May 20 - Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (died 1962)
- May 24 - Mikhail Sholokhov, Soviet/Russian novelist (died 1984)
- June 20 - Lillian Hellman, dramatist (died 1984)
- June 21 - Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher, novelist and playwright (died 1980)
- July 25 - Elias Canetti, novelist (died 1994)
- September 5 - Arthur Koestler, novelist and social philosopher (died 1983)
- October 15 - C. P. Snow, novelist (died 1980)
- December 4 - Munro Leaf, children's author (died 1974)
- December 12 - Vasily Grossman, Russian writer (died 1964)
- December 21 - Anthony Powell, British novelist (died 2000)
- December 22 - Kenneth Rexroth, American poet and critic (died 1982)
- January 19 - Debendranath Tagore, Hindu philosopher and religious reformer, 87
- February 15 - General Lew Wallace, author of Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ, 77
- March 20 - Antonin Proust, French journalist, 73
- March 25 - Jules Verne, French novelist, 77
- May 23 - Mary Livermore, journalist, 84
- August 14 - Gertrude Bloede, poet, 60
- August 22 - David Binning Monro, expert on Homer, 68
- September 18 - George MacDonald, poet and author, 80
- October 6 - Hibbard H. Shedd, politician and novelist, 58
- October 13 - Sir Henry Irving, actor-manager, 67
- October 28 - Alphonse Allais, French humorist, 51
- December 3 - John Bartlett, publisher, 85
- December 9 - Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb classical commentator, 64
- December 11 - Paul Meurice, French novelist and playwright, 87
- December 12 - William Sharp, poet, biographer and novelist, 50
- December 20 - Henry Harland, novelist and editor, 44 (tuberculosis)
- December 29 - Creeve Roe, poet, 47 (tuberculosis)