1905 in the United States
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|1905 in the United States|
|Years:||1902 1903 1904 – 1905 – 1906 1907 1908|
45 stars (1896–1908)
Events from the year 1905 in the United States.
- President: Theodore Roosevelt (Republican)
- Vice President: vacant (until March 4), Charles W. Fairbanks (Republican) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Joseph Gurney Cannon (R-Illinois)
- Congress: 58th (until March 4), 59th (starting March 4)
- March 4 – Theodore Roosevelt begins his first full term as President in his second inauguration.
- March 10 – In Cleveland, Ohio, Cassie Chadwick is sentenced for 14 years in prison for fraud.
- March 20 – Grover Shoe Factory disaster: A boiler explosion, building collapse and fire in Brockton, Massachusetts kills 58.
- April 6 – Lochner v. New York: The Supreme Court of the United States invalidates New York's 8-hour-day law.
- April 6–July 19 – The 1905 Chicago Teamsters' strike; 21 people die and 416 are injured in the violence.
- May–June – John C. Merriam leads the Saurian Expedition, a paleontological research mission in northern Nevada.
- May 10 – The 1905 Snyder, Oklahoma tornado destroys much of Snyder, Oklahoma, killing at least 97.
- May 15 – Las Vegas, Nevada is founded when 110 acres (45 ha), in what later becomes downtown, are auctioned off.
- June 1–October 14 – The Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition is held in Portland, Oregon, celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Lewis and Clark expedition.
- June 24 - The founding convention of the Industrial Workers of the World, A radical workers union, which had great impact during the first two decades of the 20th century.
- July 29 – U.S. Secretary of War William Howard Taft has talks with Prime Minister of Japan Katsura Taro. Notes from these conversations (known as the Taft–Katsura Agreement) are later found in 1924 and cause a controversy as it appears to contain U.S. recognition of Japan's claims in Korea.
- September 5 – Russo-Japanese War – Treaty of Portsmouth: In New Hampshire, a treaty mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is signed by victor Japan and Russia. Russia cedes the island of Sakhalin and port and rail rights in Manchuria to Japan.
- September 11 – 19 die and 48 are seriously injured when the Ninth Avenue Elevated train derails in Manhattan.
- October – John W. Taylor and Matthias F. Cowley resign from the Quorum of Twelve in protest, disputing the Church of Latter Day Saints' stance against polygamy that was reaffirmed in the Second Manifesto (following the Reed Smoot hearings).
- October 5 – The Wright Brothers' third aeroplane (Wright Flyer III) stays in the air for 39 minutes with Wilbur piloting. This is the first aeroplane flight lasting over half an hour.
- December 30 – A bomb kills Frank Steunenberg, ex-governor of Idaho; the case leads to a trial against leaders of the Western Federation of Miners.
- Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer are banned from the Brooklyn Public Library for setting a "bad example."
- The Institute of Musical Art, now known as the Juilliard School, is founded in New York City.
- April 9 – J. William Fulbright, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1945 till 1974. (died 1995)
- November 3 – Joseph H. Ball, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1940 till 1942 and from 1943 till 1949. (died 1993)
- January 19 – Benjamin F. Rice, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1868 till 1873. (born 1828)
- February 27 – George S. Boutwell, United States Senator from Massachusetts from 1851 till 1853. (born 1818)
- March 1 – Edward O. Wolcott, United States Senator from Colorado from 1889 till 1901. (born 1848)
- March 9 – William B. Bate, governor of Tennessee and United States Senator from Tennessee from 1883 till 1887. (born 1826)
- March 18 – Joseph Roswell Hawley, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1881 till 1905. (born 1826)
- April 21 – Orville H. Platt, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1879 till 1905. (born 1827)
- Fitch, Solidarity for Sale, 2006.
- Media related to 1905 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons