1906 in sports
1906 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- 31 March — the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS) is established to set rules for amateur sports in the United States, including revisions to American football rules that legalise the forward pass. The IAAUS later became the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in 1910.
- 5 September — Bradbury Robinson of St. Louis University throws the first legal forward pass to teammate Jack Schneider in a 22–0 victory over Carroll College in Waukesha, Wisconsin.
- 25 October — Peggy Parratt of the Massillon Tigers throws the first legal forward pass in professional football to teammate Dan "Bullet" Riley in a 60–0 victory over a combined Benwood-Moundsville team in Massillon, Ohio.
- 24 November — the Canton Bulldogs-Massillon Tigers Betting Scandal effectively ends the first era of major professional football. All three of the top three teams in the nation will fall by the wayside by 1907.
- The Football League – Liverpool 51, Preston North End 47, The Wednesday 44, Newcastle United 43, Manchester City 43, Bolton Wanderers 41
- FA Cup final – Everton 1–0 Newcastle United at Crystal Palace, London
- Club Unión founded (8 May).
- Sporting Clube de Portugal founded (14 April).
- Carlton wins the 10th VFL Premiership – Carlton 15.4 (94) d Fitzroy 6.9 (45) at Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
- 9–14 October — Chicago White Sox (AL) defeats Chicago Cubs (NL) in the 1906 World Series by 4 games to 2.
- 23 February — Marvin Hart loses his World Heavyweight Championship to Tommy Burns over 20 rounds in Los Angeles. Burns holds the title until December 1908 and successfully defends it 11 times until he is defeated by Jack Johnson.
Lineal world champions
- World Heavyweight Championship – Marvin Hart → Tommy Burns
- World Light Heavyweight Championship – vacant
- World Middleweight Championship – Tommy Ryan → vacant
- World Welterweight Championship – Barbados Joe Walcott → Billy "Honey" Mellody
- World Lightweight Championship – Battling Nelson → Joe Gans
- World Featherweight Championship – Abe Attell
- World Bantamweight Championship – Jimmy Walsh
- George Hirst of Yorkshire and England creates a unique record as the only player to score 2000 runs and take 200 wickets in the same season: 2385 runs and 208 wickets.
- The Plunket Shield competition is introduced in New Zealand ahead of the 1906–07 season. The shield is donated by William Plunket, 5th Baron Plunket, the Governor-general of New Zealand. In its early years, until 1920–21 when a league system is started, the competition is decided by a series of challenge matches between five provincial Cricket Association sides, Auckland, Wellington, Canterbury, Otago and, briefly, Hawke's Bay.
- County Championship – Kent
- Minor Counties Championship – Staffordshire
- Most runs – Tom Hayward 3518 @ 66.37 (HS 219)
- Most wickets – George Hirst 208 @ 16.50 (BB 7–18)
- Wisden Cricketers of the Year – Jack Crawford, Arthur Fielder, Ernie Hayes, Kenneth Hutchings, Neville Knox
- Sheffield Shield – New South Wales
- Most runs – Jim Mackay 902 @ 112.75 (HS 203)
- Most wickets – Leonard Garnsey 36 @ 21.44 (BB 6–48)
- Currie Cup – not contested
Tour de France
World Figure Skating Championships
- World Men's Champion – Gilbert Fuchs (Germany)
- World Women's Champion – Madge Syers-Cave (Great Britain)
- As scoring improves, Alex Smith becomes the first golfer in US Open history to break 300 for 72 holes when he posts 295
- Grand National – Ascetic's Silver
- 1,000 Guineas Stakes – Flair
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes – Gorgos
- Epsom Derby – Spearmint
- Epsom Oaks – Keystone II
- St. Leger Stakes – Troutbeck
- Melbourne Cup – Poseidon
- Queen's Plate – Slaughter
- February — Ottawa Hockey Club defeats Queen's College of Kingston, Ontario in a Stanley Cup challenge
- March — Ottawa defeats Smiths Falls, Ontario two games to none in another Stanley Cup challenge.
- March — Ottawa and Montreal Wanderers tie for first place in the ECAHA league's regular season with 9–1 records. The two clubs hold a playoff to determine the ECAHA and Stanley Cup champion. The Wanderers win the series for their first Stanley Cup win, defeating the Silver Seven in a two-game total-goals series.
- 3 January — the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association (ECAHA) begins its inaugural season
- Berlin, Ontario defeats the Toronto Argonaut Rowing Club to win the Ontario Hockey Association title.
French Grand Prix
- 26 June — official Grand Prix motor racing begins with the inaugural French Grand Prix, organised by the Automobile Club de France (ACF) on the Circuit de la Sarthe at Le Mans. The winner is Ferenc Szisz of Hungary driving a Renault AK 90CV. Although this is in fact the inaugural Grand Prix race organised by the ACF, it is in retrospect sometimes known as the IX Grand Prix de l'A.C.F.
- The inauguration of Grand Prix racing supersedes the Gordon Bennett Cup, which is withdrawn.
- The fifth Circuit des Ardennes is run on 13 August over 961.18 km (137.31 km × 7 laps) in the vicinity of Bastogne. The winner is Arthur Duray (France) driving a Lorraine-Dietrich 130 hp in a time of 5:38:39.
- The third Vanderbilt Cup is run on 6 October over 769.91 km (76.991 km × 10 laps) on Long Island. The winner is Louis Wagner (France) driving a Darracq 120 hp in a time of 4:50:10.
The Boat Race
- Championship – Leigh
- Challenge Cup final – Bradford FC 5–0 Salford at Headingley Stadium, Leeds
- Lancashire League Championship – not contested
- Yorkshire League Championship – not contested
- Lancashire Cup – Wigan 8–0 Leigh (replay following 0–0)
- Yorkshire Cup – Hunslet 13–3 Halifax
- Rules of rugby league are changed so that the number of players in a team is reduced from 15 to 13.
Speed Skating World Championships
- Men's All-round Champion – none declared
Home Nations Championship
- Australian Men's Singles Championship – Anthony Wilding (NZ) defeats Francis Fisher (NZ) 6–0 6–4 6–4
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Lawrence Doherty (GB) defeats Frank Riseley (GB) 6–4 4–6 6–2 6–3
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers defeats May Sutton Bundy 6–3 9–7
- French Men's Singles Championship – Maurice Germot defeats Max Decugis: details unknown
- French Women's Singles Championship – Kate Gillou-Fenwick defeats Mac Veagh: details unknown
- American Men's Singles Championship – William Clothier defeats Beals Wright 6–3 6–0 6–4
- American Women's Singles Championship – Helen Homans defeats Maud Barger-Wallach 6–4 6–3
- 1906 International Lawn Tennis Challenge – British Isles 5–0 United States at Warple Road (grass) London, United Kingdom