1908 Republican National Convention
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|1908 Presidential Election|
Taft and Sherman
|Date(s)||June 16 - June 19|
|Chair||Henry C. Lodge|
|Presidential Nominee||William H. Taft of Ohio|
|Vice Presidential Nominee||James Sherman of New York|
|Votes Needed for Nomination||491|
|Results (President)||Taft (OH): 702 (71.63%)
Knox (PA): 68 (6.94%)
Hughes (NY): 67 (6.84%)
Cannon (IL): 58 (5.92%)
Fairbanks (IN): 40 (4.08%)
La Follette (WI): 25 (2.55%)
Foraker (OH): 16 (1.63%)
Roosevelt (NY): 3 (0.31%)
Abstaining: 1 (0.10%)
|‹ 1904 · 1912 ›|
The 1908 Republican National Convention, the fourteenth presidential nominating convention of the Republican Party of the United States, was held in Chicago Coliseum, Chicago, Illinois on June 16 to June 19, 1908. It convened to nominate a successor to the popular GOP President, Theodore Roosevelt and his Vice President, Charles W. Fairbanks.
In the event, United States Secretary of War William Howard Taft of Ohio won Roosevelt's endorsement and received the nomination. The convention nominated New York Representative James Schoolcraft Sherman to be his running mate.
The Republican platform celebrated the Roosevelt administration's economic policies such as the keeping of the protective tariff, establishment of a permanent currency system (the Federal Reserve), additional government supervision and control over trusts. It championed enforcement of railroad rate laws, giving the Interstate Commerce Commission authority to investigate interstate railroads, and reduction of work hours for railroad workers, as well as general reduction in the work week.
In foreign policy, it supported a buildup of the armed forces, protection of American citizens abroad, extension of foreign commerce, vigorous arbitration and the Hague treaties, a revival of the U.S. Merchant Marine, support of war veterans, self-government for Cuba and the Philippines with citizenship for residents of Puerto Rico.
In other areas, it advocated court reform, creation of a federal Bureau of Mines and Mining, extension of rural mail delivery, environmental conservation, upholding of the rights of African-Americans and the civil service, and greater efficiency in national public health agencies.
The platform lastly expressed pride in U.S. involvement in the building of the Panama Canal, the admission of the New Mexico and Arizona Territories; called for the celebration of the birthday of Abraham Lincoln; and generally deplored the Democratic Party while celebrating the policies of the Republicans.
The following individuals spoke at the 1908 Republican National Convention. Many spoke with the goal of nominating a specific nominee as this was before the age of the primary and they were all decided at the convention.
- Prayer by Rt. Rev. P.J. Muldoon V.G.
- Julius C. Burrows, Michigan Senator
- Prayer by Rev. William Otis Waters
- Henry Cabot Lodge, Massachusetts Senator
- Prayer by Rev. Dr. John Wesley Hill
- George Henry Williams, Former Attorney General
- Henry Sherman Boutell of Illinois, Lawyer and diplomat
- Joseph W. Fordney, Congressman of Michigan
- Frank Hanly, Governor of Indiana
- Charles A. Bookwalter, Mayor of Indianapolis
- Stewart L. Woodford, Former Congressman and Judge of New York
- Theodore E. Burton, Congressman of Ohio
- George A. Knight, Attorney and Businessman
- C.B. M'Coy, Ohio Factory Owner
- W.O. Emory, Young Black Delegate from Macon, Georgia
- Robert S. Murphy, Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania
- James Scarlet, Prominent Attorney from Danville, Pennsylvania
- Henry F. Cochems, Wisconsin Football Star
- Charles A.A. McGee, Author of "The Truth About Money" from Wisconsin
- Prayer by Rabbi Tobias Schanfarber
- Timothy L. Woodruff, Businessman and Former Politician
- Joseph Gurney Cannon, Speaker of the House
- Augustus E. Willson, Governor of Kentucky
- Henry Cabot Lodge (again)
- Chase Osborn of Michigan
- James Brownlow Yellowley, Mississippi State Legislator
- Thomas N. McCarter, Former Attorney General of New Jersey and public servant
- William Warner, Senator from Missouri
- Julius C. Burrows of Michigan
As for the smaller number of speeches than today, this was caused largely by the fact that only actual observers saw this convention due to lack of broadcast media at this time. There were also more convention business items to take care of since nominations back then always went all the way to the convention where someone was officially nominated. This was due to the lack of a sufficient primary season for the nomination. For this same reason, nominating speeches were given.
Withdrew Before Convention
Declined to Seek Nomination
Vice Presidential Candidates
Declined to Seek Nomination
|Republican National Conventions||Succeeded by