14 May – Charles Furnas becomes the first passenger in an aeroplane in the United States, piloted by Wilbur Wright. They fly for a distance of approximately 600m in 28-3/5ths seconds in the Wright 1905 Flyer, modified with seats for pilot and passenger. Shortly after, Orville Wright flies Furnas for 4.12 km in 4 minutes 2-2/5ths seconds.
31 May – Henry Farman is reported to have flown with a Mlle. P. Van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, daughter of the mayor of Desteldonk in Ghent, Belgium. She is the first woman passenger in an aeroplane.
8 August – Wilbur Wright makes his first flights at the Hunaudières racetrack at Le Mans, France. The Wright Flyer used for this and later flights had been shipped to Le Havre by Orville the previous year. It had been seriously damaged by custom officials when it arrived in France and was uncrated. Wilbur spent the whole summer of 1908 rebuilding the machine and getting it into flying condition. Wilbur's flights in this machine will have a profound effect on European aviation during the following months.
9 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets three world records: a flight endurance record of 57 minutes 13 seconds on his first flight, a new flight endurance record of 1 hour 2 minutes and 15 seconds on his second flight 9the world's first airplane flight of over one hour), and an endurance record for a flight with a passenger (Army LieutenantFrank P. Lahm) of 6 minutes 24 seconds on his third flight.
10 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets a world flight endurance record of 1 hour 5 minutes and 52 seconds.
11 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets a world flight endurance record of 1 hour 10 minutes and 24 seconds.
12 September – At Fort Myer, Orville Wright sets a world record for flight endurance with a passenger (Army MajorGeorge O. Squier) of 9 minutes 6⅓ seconds.
17 September – U.S. Army LieutenantThomas Selfridge becomes the first person killed in a powered aircraft crash and the first military aviation casualty when the Wright Model A Orville Wright is piloting during U.S. Army tests suffers a broken propeller crashes from an alatitude of 75 feet (23 meters) at Fort Myer. Wright is severely injured.
Thérèse Peltier makes a flight of 200 metres (656 feet) at a height of approximately 2.5 meters (8 feet) at the Military Square in Turin, Italy. Photos of Peltier with the aeroplane are published on 27 September. Unofficially, it is the first flight by a female aviator.
28 September – At Camp d'Avours, France, Wilbur Wright sets a world airplane endurance record in a flight of 1 hour 32 minutes, covering 61 miles (98 km), winning a $1,000 prize from the Aero Club of France for the longest flight in history over an enclosed ground.
3 October – George P. Dicken of the New York Herald becomes the first newspaper reporter to fly in an airplane when he rides as a passenger with Wilbur Wright at Camp d'Auvours. The flight sets a world record for the longest with a passenger, lasting 55 minutes 37 seconds.
6 October – At Camp d'Avours, Wilbur Wright sets another world record for a flight with a passenger, remaining aloft for 1 hour 4 minutes 26 seconds. He wins a $100,000 prize from a French syndicate for making two record-setting flights with a passenger within the same week.
7 October – Wilbur Wright flies with Mrs. Hart O. Berg as passenger at Camp d'Auvours. This is the first fully controlled flight with a woman passenger.
Wilbur Wright at Camp d'Auvours, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) east of Le Mans, France, flies 99.8 kilometres (62.0 mi) in 1 hour 54 minutes 2/5 second, rising to an altitude of 110 meters (360 feet) – a new world record.
24 December – The first Paris Aeronautical Salon opens the Grand Palais.
31 December – Wilbur Wright wins a prize of FF 20,000 from Michelin for the longest flight of the year (a world record) - 123.2 kilometres (76.6 mi) in 2 hours 18 minutes and 33 1/5 seconds from Camp d'Auvours.
12 March - AEA Red Wing, flying from the surface of Keuka Lake near Hammondsport, New York. Flight distance is 97.2 metres (319 ft) but ends with the aircraft collapsing to the ground, leaving the pilot slightly bruised. This is the first public demonstration of a powered aircraft flight in the United States.