1908 in literature
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In poetry: 1905 1906 1907 -1908- 1909 1910 1911
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The year 1908 in literature involved some significant new books.
- February 15 - The weekly boys' story paper The Magnet is first published in London, containing "The Making of Harry Wharton", the first serial story of the fictional Greyfriars School written by Charles Hamilton as Frank Richards and introducing the character of Billy Bunter.
- June 18 - Mark Twain purchases a house in Redding, Connecticut.
- November 18 - Release in France of La Mort du duc de Guise, the first film with a screenplay by an eminent man of letters, the playwright Henri Lavedan; it is also directed by two men of the theatre, Charles Le Bargy and André Calmettes, and features actors of the Comédie-Française.
- The Avenida Theatre opens on Buenos Aires' Avenida de Mayo with a production of Lope de Vega's El castigo sin venganza ("Justice Without Revenge", 1631) directed by María Guerrero.
- Cuala Press is set up as an independent private press connected with the Irish Literary Revival and Arts and Crafts movement by Elizabeth "Lolly" Yeats with editorial support from her brother W. B. Yeats at Churchtown, Dublin.
- Katherine Mansfield moves to London; she will never return to her native New Zealand.
- Ezra Pound leaves America for Europe. After spending several months in Venice, where he self-publishes his first collection of poems, A Lume Spento (dedicated to his friend Philadelphia artist William Brooke Smith, who has just died of tuberculosis), he settles in London, where he will remain until 1920 and publish A Quinzaine for this Yule.
- Hikayat Hang Tuah first published, edited by Sulaiman bin Muhammed Nur and William Shellabear.
New prose fiction
- Afawarq Gabra Iyasus - Libb Wolled Tārīk ("A Heart-Born Story"), the first novel in Amharic
- Leonid Andreyev - The Seven Who Were Hanged
- Francis Aveling - Arnoul the Englishman
- José Toribio Medina - Los Restos Indígenas de Pichilemu
- L. Frank Baum
- Arnold Bennett
- Algernon Blackwood - John Silence, Physician Extraordinary
- Alexander Bogdanov - Red Star
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon - During Her Majesty's Pleasure
- Rhoda Broughton - Mamma
- G. K. Chesterton - The Man Who Was Thursday
- Marie Corelli - Holy Orders
- James Oliver Curwood - The Courage of Captain Plum and The Gold Hunters
- Anatole France - Penguin Island
- E. M. Forster - A Room with a View
- John Fox, Jr. - The Trail of the Lonesome Pine
- Mary E. Wilkins Freeman - The Shoulders of Atlas
- Kenneth Grahame - The Wind in the Willows
- Jeannie Gunn - We of the Never Never
- William Hope Hodgson - The House on the Borderland
- Selma Lagerlöf - The Girl from the Marsh Croft
- Jack London - The Iron Heel
- W. Somerset Maugham - The Magician
- Lucy Maud Montgomery - Anne of Green Gables
- Natsume Sōseki
- Baroness Orczy - The Elusive Pimpernel
- Beatrix Potter - The Tale of Jemima Puddle-Duck
- Mary Roberts Rinehart - The Circular Staircase
- Arthur Schnitzler - Der Weg ins Freie
- Georges Sorel - Reflections on Violence
- H. De Vere Stacpoole - The Blue Lagoon
- Mary Augusta Ward - The Testing of Diana Mallory
- H. G. Wells
- Tristan Bernard - Les Jumeaux de Brighton ("The Brighton Twins")
- Maurice Maeterlinck - The Blue Bird
- Octave Mirbeau - Home
- Emma Orczy - Beau Brocade
- Alicia Ramsey - Byron
- Edward Sheldon - Salvation Nell
- J. M. Synge - The Tinker's Wedding
- Israel Zangwill - The Melting Pot
- Edward Carpenter - Iolaus: Anthology of Friendship
- W. H. Davies - Nature Poems
- Maria Konopnicka - Rota ("Oath")
- Robert Baden-Powell - Scouting for Boys
- Sarah Bernhardt - My Double Life
- G. K. Chesterton - All Things Considered
- The Children's Encyclopedia
- W. H. Davies - The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp
- Jack London - War of the Classes
- Francisco I. Madero - La sucesión presidencial en 1910
- Friedrich Nietzsche (posthumous) - Ecce homo: Wie man wird, was man ist (written 1888)
- Alfred R. Tucker - Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa
- January 9 - Simone de Beauvoir, feminist philosopher (died 1986)
- January 16 - Pavel Nilin, Soviet novelist and playwright (died 1981)
- January 18 - Jacob Bronowski, scientist and poet (died 1974)
- February 29 - Dee Brown, novelist and historian (died 2002)
- March 6 - Dame Felicitas Corrigan, Benedictine author (died 2003)
- March 22 - Louis L'Amour, author (died 1988)
- May 17 - Frederic Prokosch, novelist and poet (died 1989)
- May 25 - Theodore Roethke, American poet (died 1963)
- May 28 - Ian Fleming, English author (died 1964)
- June 16 - Francis R. St. John, American librarian (died 1971)
- June 27 - João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian novelist (died 1967)
- July 23 - Elio Vittorini, Italian author (died 1966)
- August 21 - M. M. Kaye, Far Pavilions author (died 2004)
- August 23 - Arthur Adamov, French Absurdist playwright (died 1970)
- August 28 - Marguerite Young, American novelist, poet, biographer and professor (died 1995)
- September 4 - Richard Wright, author (died 1960)
- September 9 - Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (died 1950)
- September 17 - John Creasey, crime writer (died 1973)
- October 5 - Joshua Logan, stage and film writer and director (died 1988)
- November 28 - Claude Lévi-Strauss, anthropologist (died 2009)
- January 14 - Holger Drachmann, Danish poet and dramatist (born 1846)
- January 18 - Edmund Clarence Stedman, poet and critic (born 1833)
- January 25 - Ouida, writer (born 1839)
- February 7 - Alexander Ertel, Russian novelist and short story writer (born 1855)
- March 19 - Eduard Zeller, philosopher (born 1814)
- March 25 - Aleksey Zhemchuzhnikov, Russian poet, dramatist and critic (born 1821)
- April 20 - Henry Chadwick, baseball writer and historian (born 1824)
- July 3 - Joel Chandler Harris, journalist and author (born 1848)
- July 28 - Otto Pfleiderer, theologian (born 1839)
- August 4 - Bronson Howard, dramatist (born 1842)
- August 14 - Anton Giulio Barrili, Italian novelist (born 1836)
- November 8 - Victorien Sardou, French dramatist (born 1831)
- "Mark Twain's Redding, Connecticut Home: Stormfield". History of Redding. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
- Robertson, Patrick (2007). Film Facts. Wigston: Quantum Books. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-1-84573-235-6.
- Ackroyd, Peter (1980). "Bibliography". Ezra Pound. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. p. 121.
- Hunt, Robert (2002). International Bulletin of Missionary Research 26(1): 31.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- "Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa". World Digital Library. 1908. Retrieved 2013-09-24.