190th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
190th Street
NYCS A
New York City Subway rapid transit station
190th Street IND Eighth Avenue 2.JPG
Uptown platform
Station statistics
Address West 190th Street & Fort Washington Avenue
New York, NY 10040
Borough Manhattan
Locale Washington Heights
Coordinates 40°51′32″N 73°56′03″W / 40.858986°N 73.93404°W / 40.858986; -73.93404Coordinates: 40°51′32″N 73°56′03″W / 40.858986°N 73.93404°W / 40.858986; -73.93404
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
Connection
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932 (82 years ago) (1932-09-10)[1]
Former/other names 190th Street – Overlook Terrace
Other entrances/
exits
east side of Fort Washington Avenue, west side of Bennett Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 1,472,564[2] Decrease 0.1%
Rank 303 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Dyckman Street: A all times
Next south 181st Street: A all times

190th Street Subway Station (IND)
(190th Street-Overlook Terrace Subway Station)
190th Street subway station from Cabrini Boulevard.jpg
Ft. Washington Ave. entrance building (2013)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 05000225[3]
Added to NRHP March 30, 2005

190th Street (originally 190th Street – Overlook Terrace) is a station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the A train at all times. It is located on Fort Washington Avenue near its intersection with Cabrini Boulevard at Margaret Corbin Circle, about 3 blocks north of 190th Street.

The station is close to Fort Tryon Park and the Mother Cabrini Shrine in the Hudson Heights neighborhood of Washington Heights. The Cloisters medieval art museum, a branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, is located in the park, about a 10-minute walk north from the station's Fort Washington Avenue exit. An additional exit through the side of the hill leads to Bennett Avenue, allowing easy access to the Fort George neighborhood of Washington Heights.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
(Bank of elevators in southern exit. Note: Platforms and street level are not accessible)
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines, tunnel to Bennett Avenue
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound NYCS A toward Inwood – 207th Street (Dyckman Street)
Southbound NYCS A toward Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway, or Rockaway Park (181st Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

The station has two tracks and two side platforms. It is 140 feet (43 m) below the surface due to the very high hills of Washington Heights. This places the 190th Street station as one of the deepest stations in the entire system by distance to ground level—it is even deeper than is 34th Street station, the deepest station in the system by elevation below sea level.[4] (By comparison, 34th Street is only 110 feet (34 m) below the surface, which is about 20 feet (6.1 m) above sea level.[5]) Because of this, there is a bank of elevators to Fort Washington Avenue. Despite the fact that this is an extremely deep station, however, the Bennett Avenue entrance is actually at a lower elevation than the platforms, so the ramp slopes down. The elevators can be used by pedestrians going between Bennett and Fort Washington Avenues without paying a fare. Additionally, Dyckman Street, the next station north, is only one level below the surface, in contrast to 190th Street station.

190th Street station is the third-to-last station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line proceeding northbound.[6] The station boasts platforms 660 feet (200 m) in length and 50 feet (15 m) in width. Located 140 feet (43 m) below ground level, the station has a double-barrel, vaulted ceiling supported by an arcade in the center. Concrete retaining walls also side the station and fit into the structure. The station maintains three elevators from the mezzanine in one tower at its eastern end. There is access from Bennett Avenue via a tunnel.[7]

The 207th Street-bound platform contains an exit-only (one turnstile and one gate) ramp that bypasses fare control and leads to the passageway to the Bennett Avenue entrance. The station is not wheelchair accessible (non-ADA-compliant) because access from the fare control area to the platforms is only possible via stairways. The nearest accessible station is 175th Street.

Exits[edit]

  • Exit at southeast corner of Fort Washington Avenue and Margaret Corbin Drive
  • Exit at Bennett Avenue midblock between Broadway and 192nd Street, on the west side of Bennett Avenue

History[edit]

Construction for a station at 190th Street began in 1928 by the Board of Transportation as part of a subway expansion. Squire J. Vickers, the chief architect of the Dual System, helped design the 190th Street Station. He was responsible for most stations on the IND, and being a painter, he did tile work that color and simple.[clarification needed][7] Station construction was completed in 1932 along with 181st Street and service began on September 10, 1932.[1]

On March 30, 2005, the station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[8]


Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line". The New York Times (New York, New York). September 10, 1932. p. 6. 
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  3. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ The Deepest and Highest Subway Stations in NYC: 191st St, 190th Street, Smith & 9th
  5. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (May 29, 2014). "With New Slant on Subway Elevators, Expect Delays". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ "A Train Timetable, Effective June 8, 2014". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-09-15. 
  7. ^ a b Steven Bedford; Stacey Vairo (2004). "NRHP Nomination: 190th Street Subway Station (IND)". National Register of Historic Places. Hartford, Connecticut: National Park Service. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  8. ^ New York County Listings at the National Register of Historic Places (Structure - #05000225)

External links[edit]