190th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|Address||West 190th Street & Fort Washington Avenue
New York, NY 10040
|Line||IND Eighth Avenue Line|
|Services||A (all times)|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Opened||September 10, 1932 |
|Former/other names||190th Street – Overlook Terrace|
|east side of Fort Washington Avenue, west side of Bennett Avenue|
|Passengers (2012)||1,473,807 1.9%|
|Rank||296 out of 421|
|Next north||Dyckman Street: A|
|Next south||181st Street: A|
190th Street Subway Station (IND)
(190th Street-Overlook Terrace Subway Station)
|MPS||New York City Subway System MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||05000225|
|Added to NRHP||March 30, 2005|
190th Street (originally 190th Street – Overlook Terrace) is a station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the A train at all times. It is located on Fort Washington Avenue about 240 metres (260 yards) north of 190th Street. The station is near Fort Tryon Park and Mother Cabrini Shrine in the Hudson Heights neighborhood of Washington Heights. The Cloisters medieval art museum, a branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, is located in the park, about a 10-minute walk north from the station.
The station has two tracks and two side platforms. It is 140 feet (43 m) below the surface due to the very high hills of Washington Heights. Because of this, there is a bank of elevators to Fort Washington Avenue with an additional exit through the side of the hill leading to Bennett Avenue that allows easy access to the Fort George neighborhood of Washington Heights. Although this is an extremely deep station, the Bennett Avenue entrance is actually at a lower elevation than the platforms, so the ramp slopes down. The elevators can be used by pedestrians going between Bennett and Fort Washington Avenues without paying a fare.
|G||Street Level||Exit/Entrance to Fort Washington Avenue|
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent, tunnel to Bennet Avenue|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Northbound||← toward Inwood – 207th Street (Dyckman Street)|
|Southbound||→ toward Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway, or Rockaway Park (181st Street) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
190th Street station is the third-to-last station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line proceeding northbound. The station is preceded by 181st Street station toward Brooklyn and Queens to the south, and Dyckman Street to the north toward 207th Street. The station boasts platforms 660 feet (200 m) in length and 50 feet (15 m) in width. Located 140 feet (43 m) below ground level, the station has a double-barrel, vaulted ceiling supported by an arcade in the center. Concrete retaining walls also side the station and fit into the structure. The station maintains three elevators from the mezzanine in one tower at its eastern end. There is access from Bennett Avenue via a tunnel.
The 207th Street-bound platform contains an exit-only (one turnstile and one gate) ramp that bypasses fare control and leads to the passageway to the Bennett Avenue entrance. The station is not wheelchair accessible (non-ADA-compliant) because access from the fare control area to the platforms is only possible via stairways. The nearest accessible station is 175th Street.
Construction for a station at 190th Street began in 1928 by the Board of Transportation as part of a subway expansion. Squire J. Vickers, the chief architect of the Dual System, helped designed the 190th Street Station. He was responsible for most stations on the IND, and being a painter, he did tile work that color and simple.[clarification needed] Station construction was completed in 1932 along with 181st Street and service began on September 10, 1932.
- "List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line". The New York Times (New York, New York). September 10, 1932. p. 6.
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "A Train Timetable, Effective June 30, 2013". New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2013-08-02.
- Steven Bedford; Stacey Vairo (2004). "NRHP Nomination: 190th Street Subway Station (IND)". National Register of Historic Places. Hartford, Connecticut: National Park Service. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- New York County Listings at the National Register of Historic Places (Structure - #05000225)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 190th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line).|
- nycsubway.org—IND 8th Avenue: 190th Street/Overlook Terrace
- Station Reporter — A Lefferts
- Station Reporter — A Rockaway
- A Saturday walk through Washington Heights
- Fort Washington Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Bennett Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View