190th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
|Address||West 190th Street & Fort Washington Avenue
New York, NY 10040
|Locale||Washington Heights, Hudson Heights|
|Line||IND Eighth Avenue Line|
|Services||A (all times)|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Opened||September 10, 1932 |
|Former/other names||190th Street – Overlook Terrace|
|east side of Fort Washington Avenue, west side of Bennett Avenue|
|Passengers (2013)||1,472,564 0.1%|
|Rank||303 out of 421|
|Next north||Dyckman Street: A|
|Next south||181st Street: A|
190th Street Subway Station (IND)
(190th Street-Overlook Terrace Subway Station)
Ft. Washington Ave. entrance building (2014)
|MPS||New York City Subway System MPS|
|NRHP Reference #||05000225|
|Added to NRHP||March 30, 2005|
190th Street (originally 190th Street – Overlook Terrace) is a station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the A train at all times. It is located on Fort Washington Avenue near its intersection with Cabrini Boulevard at Margaret Corbin Circle, about 3 blocks north of 190th Street.
The station is close to Fort Tryon Park and the Mother Cabrini Shrine in the Hudson Heights neighborhood of Washington Heights. The Cloisters medieval art museum, a branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, is located in the park, about a 10-minute walk north from the station's Fort Washington Avenue exit. An additional exit through the side of the hill leads to Bennett Avenue, allowing easy access to the Broadway valley area of Washington Heights.
(Bank of elevators in southern exit. Note: Platforms and street level are not accessible)
|M||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines, tunnel to Bennett Avenue|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Northbound||← toward Inwood – 207th Street (Dyckman Street)|
|Southbound||→ toward Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway, or Rockaway Park (181st Street) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
The station has two tracks and two side platforms. It is 140 feet (43 m) below the surface due to the very high hills of Washington Heights. This places the 190th Street station as one of the deepest stations in the entire system by distance to ground level – it is even deeper than the 34th Street station, the deepest station in the system by elevation below sea level. (By comparison, 34th Street is only 110 feet (34 m) below the surface, which is about 20 feet (6.1 m) above sea level.) Because of this, there is a bank of elevators to Fort Washington Avenue. Despite the fact that this is an extremely deep station, however, the Bennett Avenue entrance is actually at a lower elevation than the platforms, so the ramp slopes down. The elevators can be used by pedestrians going between Bennett and Fort Washington Avenues without paying a fare. Additionally, Dyckman Street, the next station north, is only one level below the surface, in contrast to 190th Street station.
190th Street station is the third-to-last station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line proceeding northbound. The station boasts platforms 660 feet (200 m) in length and 50 feet (15 m) in width. Located 140 feet (43 m) below ground level, the station has a double-barrel, vaulted ceiling supported by an arcade in the center. Concrete retaining walls also side the station and fit into the structure. The station maintains three elevators from the mezzanine in one tower at its eastern end. There is access from Bennett Avenue via a tunnel.
The 207th Street-bound platform contains an exit-only (one turnstile and one gate) ramp that bypasses fare control and leads to the passageway to the Bennett Avenue entrance. The station is not wheelchair accessible (non-ADA-compliant) because access from the fare control area to the platforms is only possible via stairways. The nearest accessible station is 175th Street.
- Exit at southeast corner of Fort Washington Avenue and Margaret Corbin Drive
- Exit at Bennett Avenue midblock between Broadway and 192nd Street, on the west side of Bennett Avenue
Construction for a station at 190th Street began in 1928 by the Board of Transportation as part of a subway expansion. Squire J. Vickers, the chief architect of the Dual System, helped design the 190th Street station. He was responsible for most stations on the IND, and being a painter, he did tile work for the station. Station construction was completed in 1932 along with 181st Street and service began on September 10, 1932.
The building for the entrance on Fort Washington Avenue was originally a plain brick one, but it was later given a stone facade to harmonize it with the entrance to Fort Tryon Park, which lies directly across Margaret Corbin Circle.
Fare control for both street entrances to the station was originally located just inside the street doors, which meant that the elevators could only be used by paying a subway fare. Now, fare control is located in one central location on the mezzanine level, which makes the elevators available for use at no charge for pedestrians going between Hudson Heights, on top of the ridge, to the Broadway valley of Washington Heights at the bottom.
- "List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line". The New York Times (New York, New York). September 10, 1932. p. 6.
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "The Deepest and Highest Subway Stations in NYC: 191st St, 190th Street, Smith & 9th" on Untapped Cities (June 26, 2013)
- Flegenheimer, Matt (May 29, 2014). "With New Slant on Subway Elevators, Expect Delays". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- "A Subway Timetable, Effective December 7, 2014" (PDF). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-01-02.
- Steven Bedford; Stacey Vairo (2004). "NRHP Nomination: 190th Street Subway Station (IND)". National Register of Historic Places. Hartford, Connecticut: National Park Service. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- The Subway’s Elevator Operators, a Reassuring Amenity of Another Era. By MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM. Published: April 28, 2011. The New York Times.
- Guided tour, Fort Tryon Park Cottage (October 11, 2014)
- New York County Listings at the National Register of Historic Places (Structure - #05000225)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 190th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line).|
- nycsubway.org—IND 8th Avenue: 190th Street/Overlook Terrace
- Station Reporter — A Lefferts
- Station Reporter — A Rockaway
- A Saturday walk through Washington Heights
- Fort Washington Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Bennett Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View