1910 Michigan Wolverines football team

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1910 Michigan Wolverines football
1910 Michigan Wolverines football team.jpg
Conference Independent
1910 record 3–0–3
Head coach Fielding H. Yost (10th year)
Captain Albert Benbrook
Home stadium Ferry Field
Seasons
« 1909 1911 »

The 1910 Michigan Wolverines football team represented the University of Michigan in the 1910 college football season. The team's head coach was Fielding H. Yost in his 10th season at Michigan. While playing a schedule that included some of the best teams in the country, Michigan compiled an undefeated 3–0–3 record and outscored opponents 29 to 9. Early in the season, the Wolverines defeated a Michigan Agricultural College (now known as Michigan State University) team that compiled a record of 6–0 and outscored opponents other than Michigan 165 to 2 (including a 17–0 victory over Notre Dame). The Wolverines tied a Penn team that won the 1908 national championship and compiled a 9–1–1 record in 1910 while outscoring opponents 184 to 19. They also tied an Ohio State team that finished the season with a 6–1–3 record and outscored opponents 182 to 27 and a Case team that handed Ohio State its only defeat.[1][2] In the final game of the season, Michigan shut out an undefeated Minnesota team that had outscored its previous opponents 179 to 0.

On defense, the 1910 Wolverines did not give up a touchdown all season, shut out the final three opponents, and gave up an average of 1.5 points per game. At the end of the season, the team was recognized as the champions of the west.

Three Michigan players received first-team All-American honors. Left guard and team captain Albert Benbrook was selected as a consensus first-team All-American for the second consecutive year. Stanfield Wells, who played three games at right tackle and three games at right end, was selected as a first-team All-American by Walter Camp. Left halfback Joe Magidsohn was the team's leading scorer and also received first-team All-American honors from some selectors. Six Michigan players received first-team All-Western honors, including Benbrook, Wells, Magidsohn, tackle William P. Edmunds, end Stanley Borleske, and center Arthur Cornwell.

Schedule[edit]

Date Time Opponent Site Result Attendance
October 8, 1910 Case Ferry FieldAnn Arbor, MI T 3–3    
October 15, 1910 Michigan Agricultural Ferry Field • Ann Arbor, MI W 6–3    
October 22, 1910 at Ohio State Ohio FieldColumbus, OH T 3–3    
October 29, 1910 at Syracuse Archbold StadiumSyracuse, NY W 11–0   11,500
November 12, 1910 at Penn Franklin FieldPhiladelphia, PA T 0–0    
November 19, 1910 Minnesotadagger Ferry Field • Ann Arbor, MI W 6–0   18,000
daggerHomecoming. All times are in Eastern Time.

Season summary[edit]

Pre-season[edit]

In August 1910, Dave Allerdice, captain of the 1909 Michigan Wolverines football team, was hired as an assistant coach with responsibility for developing a kicker.[3] Allerdice joined Prentiss Douglass, Germany Schulz, and Curtis Redden as Fielding H. Yost's assistant coaches.

Michigan opened its pre-season training camp at Whitmore Lake, Michigan on September 19, 1910.[4][5][6] Coach Yost opined that the 1910 season would see a more open style of play under the new rules with reduced risk of injuries.[7][8] Training camp began with light conditioning work,[9] then progressed to "more strenuous labors."[10][11] The squad began with 11 players at Whitmore Lake but grew larger as more players arrived over the two weeks.[12] Halfback Joe Magidsohn arrived at Whitemore Lake ten days later but was in "splendid condition after hard summer's work."[13] In late September, Yost announced that Shorty McMillan of Detroit would take over the quarterback spot held the prior year by Billy Wasmund.[14]

As the work at Whitmore Lake concluded, the Detroit Free Press wrote that the team was "rounding into form rapidly" and looked "like a machine."[15] The Free Press opined that the backfield showed plenty of speed, and the line appeared to be Michigan's strongest in years.[16] Pre-season practice continued at Ferry Field during the first week of October.[17][18][19][20]

On October 5, 1910, Michigan announced that Grover "Dutch" Herrington, regarded by Coach Yost as "one of the most promising backfield men he has found in several seasons," had suffered a broken bone in his right leg and would be unable to play during the 1910 season.[21][22]

Case[edit]

Week 1: Case at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Case 0 3 0 0 3
Michigan 3 0 0 0 3

Michigan opened its 1910 season at Ferry Field in a 3–3 tie with the team from Cleveland's Case Scientific School. The game was the 14th meeting between the two programs, and Michigan had won all 13 of the prior games by a combined score of 354 to 37.[23] On the eve of the 1910 season opener against Case, Coach Yost expressed satisfaction with his team: "These boys are playing fine football. They are the best we have sent against Case in the past five years."[24] The game was played in good weather before the largest opening day crowd in Michigan history.[25]

In the first quarter, Michigan received excellent field position after a Case punt from behind the goal line traveled only 31 yards. After advancing to the seven-yard line, right guard George M. Lawton place-kicked a field goal from the 20-yard line. In the second quarter, Case received excellent field position when Lawton punted from behind Michigan's goal line. Case's quarterback Goss made a fair catch at the 33-yard line. Heller kicked a field goal to tie the score.[25][26]

In the Detroit Free Press, E. A. Batchelor wrote:

"For the first time in many years what had come to be regarded as a fixed festival here will be omitted in 1910, for Case, instead of submitting meekly to the annual licking, played Michigan to a standstill . . . This is all very lovely for the Clevelanders who consider the feat of tying the Yost team the event of their lives, but it's tough on Michigan which has become accustomed to whaling Case as an official and auspicious opening for the local football season."[25]

The game was played in 10-minute quarters. Michigan's starting lineup against Case was Daniels (left end), Edmunds (left tackle), Benbrook (left guard), Cole (center), Lawton (right guard), Wells (right tackle), Pattengill (right end), McMillan (quarterback), Magidsohn (left halfback), Green (right halfback), and Wenner (fullback). Branch Rickey served as the head linesman.[25][26]

Michigan Agricultural[edit]

Week 2: Michigan Agricultural at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan Agricultural 0 0 3 0 3
Michigan 0 0 0 6 6

In the second week of the season, Michigan defeated Michigan Agricultural College by a 6–3 score at Ferry Field. It was the fifth game in the Michigan - Michigan State football rivalry, and Michigan had a 3–0–1 record in the four prior meetings, outscoring the Aggies by a combined total of 204 to 0.[27] The Aggies came into the 1910 game at Ann Arbor with a 2–0 record, having beaten two prior opponents by a total of 46 to 0. The 1910 Aggies compiled a record of 6–0 and outscored opponents 165 to 2 against teams other than the Wolverines (including a 17–0 victory over Notre Dame.[28][29] Prior to the Michigan game, the M. A. C. student body adopted the slogan, "On to Michigan."[30]

After a scoreless first half, the Aggies blocked two punts by George C. Thomson in the third quarter. On the second occasion, Thomson kicked from his 50-yard line, and the low punt was blocked and rolled to Michigan's 12-yard line where the Aggies' left tackle Campbell recovered the ball. After Michigan stopped two runs, the Aggies' right halfback, Hill, kicked a field goal from the 21-yard line.[31] The Aggies' maintained a 3–0 into the fourth quarter. With less than five minutes left in the game, Shorty McMillan completed a pass to Stanley Borleske who ran 50 yards to the Aggies' 15-yard line. Don Green then carried the ball to the three-yard line. Due to a penalty, the Wolverines had five unsuccessful chances to score the touchdown after advancing to the three-yard line. Michigan then lined up for a field goal, but the play was a fake. Green took the snap from center and ran for the touchdown. Conklin kicked the extra point, and Michigan won by a score of 6 to 3.[31][32]

After the game, Coach Yost praised the Michigan Agricultural team as "remarkably strong." The referee, Ralph Hoagland, commented on Michigan's use of the news rules: "Yost has certainly taught his men some great things about the forward pass."[31]

The game was played in 15-minute quarters. Michigan's starting lineup against Michigan Agricultural was Borleske (left end), Edmunds (left tackle), Benbrook (left guard), Bogle (center), Conklin (right guard), Wells (right tackle), Pattengill (right end), McMillan (quarterback), Magidsohn (left halfback), Green (right halfback), and Thomson (fullback). Branch Rickey was the head linesman.[31][32]

at Ohio State[edit]

Week 3: Michigan at Ohio State
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan 0 3 0 0 3
Ohio State 0 3 0 0 3
  • Date: October 22, 1910
  • Location: Ohio FieldColumbus, OH
  • Game attendance: 5,000
  • Referee: Horatio B. Hackett (Army)
Team portrait taken on Ferry Field, c. October 1910

In the third week of the 1910 season, Michigan played Ohio State to a 3–3 tie at Columbus, Ohio. The game was the 12th meeting in the Michigan–Ohio State football rivalry, with Michigan having won ten of the prior meetings and tied once.[33] The 1910 Ohio State team was coached by former Yale coach, Howard Jones, who was later inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.[34]

The only scoring in the game consisted of an exchange of field goals in the second quarter. A forward pass from Shorty McMillan to Stanfield Wells took the ball to the Ohio State five-yard line. After an offside penalty and no gain on a fake kick, Frederick L. Conklin kicked a field goal from the 15-yard line to give Michigan a 3–0 lead. Ohio State tied the score with a field goal by its left halfback, Wells, later in the second quarter. Neither team scored in the second half.[35][36]

The Detroit Free Press reported on the celebratory atmosphere in Columbus after the game:

Seldom has such a demonstration been seen on Ohio field as was carried out by the O. S. U. rooters when the teams left the field after the final whistle. The band played, the rooters swarmed the field, hugged their mule mascot and went daffy in general. The town is in the hands of the celebrators tonight, the State contingent considering a tie score practically a victory for their team.[35][36]

Michigan's lineup against Ohio State (starters listed first) was Borleske (left end), Edmunds (left tackle), Benbrook (left guard), Bogle and Cole (center), Conklin (right guard), Wells (right tackle), Pattengill (right end), McMillan (quarterback), Magidsohn (left halfback), Green (right halfback), and Thomson (fullback). Ralph Hoagland of Princeton was the umpire. John Esterline of Purdue was the field judge.[35][36]

at Syracuse[edit]

Week 4: Michigan at Syracuse
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan[37] 11 0 0 0 11
Syracuse 0 0 0 0 0

In the fourth week of the 1910 season, Michigan shut out Syracuse, 11 to 0, before a crowd of 11,500 persons at Archbold Stadium in Syracuse, New York. The game was the third played between the schools, with each team having won one game.[38]

Joe Magidsohn scored two touchdowns for Michigan. The New York Times wrote of Magidsohn: "The work of this sturdy warrior was most brilliant from start to finish of the spectacular struggle. Both on the offensive and on the defensive he was a whirlwind . . ."[39]

The Detroit Free Press wrote that "Michigan completely outclassed Syracuse in every department of the game."[40] However, Michigan had several drives deep into Syracuse territory that resulted in no points. Early in the game, Syracuse held at its one-yard line. Michigan also was penalized for 105 yards in the game, and two of the penalties stopped drives that had penetrated close to Syracuse's goal. Michigan's point total was also limited due to its kicking game. Conklin converted one of two extra point attempts and missed five field goal attempts on a muddy field.[40]

Michigan's defense held Syracuse to one first down in the entire game, and Syracuse never moved the ball to within 40 yards of Michigan's goal line. The game ended on an interception of a Syracuse pass by Magidsohn.[40]

Michigan's lineup against Syracuse was Edmunds (left end), Conklin (left tackle), Benbrook (left guard), Cornwell (center), Quinn and Lawton (right guard), Cole (right tackle), Wells (right end), McMillan (quarterback), Magidsohn (left halfback), Pattengill and Green (right halfback), and Thomson (fullback).[41][39]

Notre Dame (cancelled)[edit]

Michigan had been scheduled to play Notre Dame on November 5, 1910. Michigan protested Notre Dame's use of two players (Philbrook and Dimmick) who had reportedly played more than four years of college football. After Notre Dame refused to bench the players, Michigan's Board of Control of Athletics canceled the game. The New York Times reported: "It is understood here that this ends all athletic relations between Michigan and Notre Dame."[42] The two teams did not play again for more than 30 years, the longest break in the Michigan–Notre Dame football rivalry.[43]

In lieu of the game with Notre Dame, Michigan played a game against the reserves on November 5. The game proved costly, as quarterback Shorty McMillan, who had played every minute of the first four games, sustained torn muscles in his shoulder. As a result of the injury, he was unable to play against Penn.[44]

at Penn[edit]

Week 5: Michigan at Penn
1 2 3 4 Total
Michigan 0 0 0 0 0
Penn 0 0 0 0 0
"Cole Attempts to Recover the Ball after Scott's Fumble" in the Penn game
Running play during the Penn game

On November 12, 1910, Michigan played the Penn Quakers to a scoreless tie at Franklin Field in Philadelphia. Since leaving the Big Ten Conference, Michigan had played annual rivalry games against Penn at or near the end of the season. Penn was one of the dominant football programs of the era, winning seven national championships between 1894 and 1912.[45] The 1910 game was the sixth meeting between the schools. Penn won the first four games, and Michigan won the 1909 game.[46] Michigan arrived in Philadelphia on the Thursday afternoon before the game and set up camp in Wayne, Pennsylvania, a Philadelphia suburb.[47]

Although the game ended in a scoreless tie, newspapers opined that Michigan had outplayed Penn. In the Detroit Free Press, E. A. Batchelor wrote: "In everything but the count, it was Michigan's game. Yost's men, quoted at the long price of 10 to 6 in the betting prior to the opening of hostilities, showed a spirit and strength that completely astounded the easterners. In gaining ground on line bucking, the invaders were so superior to the Quakers that there was no comparison."[48] In the Chicago Daily Tribune, Walter Eckersall (who also served as the game's referee) wrote that the game was "the most important intersectional contest of the year," a fierce struggle of "the kind which makes football history," and "a decided triumph for western football."[49] Eckersall wrote that Michigan's versatile offense bewildered Penn, and he described Yost's 1910 squad as "a team which has reached the pinnacle of football perfection."[49]

One of Michigan's best scoring opportunities came on a punt from Penn quarterback Scott to Michigan end Victor Pattengill. Pattengill raised his hand for a fair catch at the Michigan 40-yard line, but was "buried in the sod" by several Penn players. The field judge Beacham did not see Pattengill call for the fair catch and did not call interference. Michigan protested, but the protest was overruled. Under 1910 rules, the penalty would have given Michigan a free kick from the Penn 25-yard line. On another occasion, Stanfield Wells caught a pass and ran 20 yards for what appeared to be a touchdown. However, an official ruled that Wells had "stepped outside" and the play was called back. A third scoring opportunity was lost after a fumble by Penn. Michigan's right tackle, Wheaton Cole, had the ball in front of him with a clear path ahead. Cole was unable to grab the football and "instead kicked it over the goal line where one of Mr. Penn's sons fell on it for a touchback that was a lifesaver to the Red and Blue hosts."[48]

On another occasion, Michigan drove to Penn's eight-yard line and needed three yards for a first down. Wells carried the ball on fourth down and was stopped with the ball going to Penn on downs. Batchelor blamed Michigan's inability to score on a rule change preventing the ball carrier from being pushed or pulled across the goal line by his own teammates. He complained about the new game which "the reformers invented and handed to that element of the public which believes the gridiron pastime should be a sport for invalids in evening dress."[48]

The game was rough and physical. Penn's halfback Sommer was ejected for kicking Frederick Conklin during a play. Despite the rough play, all eleven Michigan starters played the full 60 minutes without substitutions. Quarterback Shorty McMillan was twice hurt so badly that the trainer, Alvin Kraenzlein, had to work on him. Batchelor wrote that "though they did count nine on him," McMillan at the end of the game was still "barking signals and catching punts with all the ginger in the world."[48]

Eckersall singled out Joe Magidsohn as the star of the game:

In Magidsohn, Michigan has a great half back, and his brilliant playing in today's game was the bright feature. He tore through the heavy Penn forwards for substantial gains, while his squirming, turning end runs added many yards to Michigan's total. He was equally effective on the defense, and his ability to solve Penn's offense and direct his team mates to the point of attack had a good deal to do with the checking of the local's best ground gaining plays. "Maggie" was in every play, and carried the ball a greater number of times than any other man of either eleven.[49]

Batchelor praised the work of Michigan captain Albert Benbrook who loomed "like a mountain above the ruck of players" and on defense "smashed up plays with a vigor that sometimes threatened the very lives of the enemy."[48] The Michigan student band traveled with the team to Philadelphia and burst into song "on the slightest provocation," with several band members "parading the field and defying the Quakers with the strains of 'The Victors.'"[48]

Michigan's starting lineup against Penn was Edmunds (left end), Conklin (left tackle), Benbrook (left guard), Cornwell (center), Quinn (right guard), Cole (right tackle), Wells (right end), McMillan (quarterback), Magidsohn (left halfback), Pattengill (right halfback), and Thomson (fullback).[48][49][50]

Minnesota[edit]

Week 6: Minnesota at Michigan
1 2 3 4 Total
Minnesota 0 0 0 0 0
Michigan 0 0 0 6 6
  • Date: November 19, 1910
  • Location: Ferry Field
    Ann Arbor, MI
  • Game attendance: 20,000
  • Referee: Lt. Horatio Hackett (Army)
George M. Lawton running with the ball against Minnesota, November 1910
"The Block M Formed by Yellow and Blue Pennants" at the Minnesota game

After three consecutive road games, Michigan concluded its 1910 season at Ferry Field with a 6–0 victory over Minnesota in front of a crowd of more than 20,000 persons.[51] The game was the ninth meeting between the two football programs, and the second game in which the teams competed for possession of the Little Brown Jug, the oldest rivalry trophy in American college football.[52] Both teams came into the game undefeated and were considered the best teams in the west. Minnesota had a 6–0 record and had outscored its opponents 179 to 0. In the four weeks before the game, Minnesota had defeated Iowa State 49–0, Nebraska 27–0, Chicago 24–0, and Wisconsin 28–0.[53] The game was expected to decide the western championship, and Minnesota fans sent the Gophers off with a parade in their honor.[54][55] Some even opined that the contest would decide the national championship.[56]

In the days leading up to the game, Minnesota officials reportedly challenged the eligibility of George C. Thomson to play against the Gophers.[57] The dean of Michigan's literary department was deputized to investigate. The investigation concluded that Thomson's entrance credits were "equivalent to the requirements of the literary department, though not corresponding to the precise subjects enumerated in the university calendar."[58][59] Nevertheless, Thomson did not play in the Minnesota game.

Neither team was able to score in the first three quarters. At the end of the third quarter, Michigan drove to the Minnesota nine-yard line. Following the three-minute intermission before the fourth quarter began, the drive stalled. Fullback George Lawton attempted a field goal, but his kick missed the mark by a foot. With five minutes remaining in the game, Michigan finally sustained a touchdown drive. Michigan began the drive at its own 53-yard line (midfield was the 55-yard line in 1910). With time running out, the Wolverines resorted to the forward pass. On the first play of the drive, Stanfield Wells threw to Stanley Borleske for a gain of 27 yards to the Minnesota 30-yard line. On the next play, Michigan ran the same play, and Borleske took the ball for 24 yards to the three-yard line. Wells ran with the ball on first down and was stopped for no gain. On second down, Wells again ran into the Minnesota defense. With a crowd of players on top of Wells, it was not clear initially whether he had crossed the goal line. When the referee separated the pile, Wells was holding the ball and had crossed over the goal line. E. A. Batchelor described the "Niagara of sound" that erupted from the stands:

Venerable professors, giddy freshmen, staid, and usually phlegmatic, business men, small boys, pretty girls and even sweet faced old ladies stood up and howled until their vocal chords refused to emit another sound. Down on the field the Michigan team, substitutes, coaches, band and everyone else who managed to pass the barriers and gain admittance to the inclosure [sic] set aside for the elect, swarmed out on the battle ground, mingling in one wild, joyous, shouting, hugging, handshaking mob.[60]

It took several minutes for the officials to clear the field so that the game could be completed. Conklin kicked the extra point, and the game ended as Minnesota began to drive downfield after Lawton's kickoff.[60][61] E. A. Batchelor summed up the victory over Minnesota:

Two perfectly executed forward passes, each swift and sure as a rapier's thrust; two plunges into the Minnesota line, and Michigan this afternoon has beaten the Gophers, won the undisputed championship of the west, established her claim to be considered the country's best and proved the superiority of skill and cunning over mere strength.[60]

All eleven Michigan starters played the full 60 minutes without substitution. Quarterback Shorty McMillan sustained a broken rib and played the last hour with the injury. Batchelor praised McMillan for his courage: "That he must have endured agonies in such a bruising combat easily can be appreciated. The whole history of football records no gamer exhibition than this. Michigan men who were aware of the boy's condition cheered him until their throats were sore."[60] Batchelor also praised Michigan's defensive effort, noting that "the tackling was deadly in its accuracy and fierceness."[60]

Batchelor noted that the final minutes of the game were like the events that "occur mostly in books featured by the exploits of Frank Merriwell" and other fictional heroes.[60] Batchelor also noted that Michigan played "the most open game that she had shown all season, using the forward pass time and again.[60]

Michigan's starting lineup against Minnesota was Borleske (left end), Conklin (left tackle), Benbrook (left guard), Cornwell (center), Bogle (right guard), Edmunds (right tackle), Wells (right end), McMillan (quarterback), Magidsohn (left halfback), Pattengill (right halfback), and Lawton (fullback).[62][63]

Post-season[edit]

After the season had ended, The New York Times wrote that, by defeating Minnesota, Michigan had "captured the Western football championship."[63] Walter Eckersall also concluded that Michigan was entitled to the western championship.[64] He also wrote a column in the Chicago Daily Tribune opining that Michigan had the best offense in the country and that its defense was also as good as any other.[65]

Three Michigan players received first-team All-American honors. Left guard and team captain Albert Benbrook was selected as a consensus first-team All-American for the second consecutive year. Stanfield Wells, who played three games at right tackle and three games at right end, was selected as a first-team All-American by Walter Camp.[66] Left halfback Joe Magidsohn was the team's leading scorer with 10 points on two touchdown runs of 30 and 40 yards against Syracuse and also received first-team All-American honors from some selectors.

Six Michigan players received first-team All-Western honors. In the Chicago Daily Tribune, Walter Eckersall selected Michigan players for five of the eleven first-team positions on his All-Western team. The five players so honored by Eckersall were Benbrook (left guard), Wells (left end), Magidsohn (left halfback), William P. Edmunds (right tackle), and Stanley Borleske (right end).[67] Michigan's Coach Yost also selected an All-Western team with five Michigan players. Yost's selections differed from Eckersall's only in the exclusion of Borleske and the inclusion of Arthur Cornwell at center.[67][68] In Collier's Weekly, E. C. Patterson selected Benbrook as the best player in the West and named two other Michigan players to his All-Western team.[69]

In the weeks after the conclusion of the 1910 football season, much attention was focused on the question of whether Michigan should return to the Big Eight Conference. Facing a threatened break in athletic relations with Amos Alonzo Stagg's Chicago Maroons and a rebuke from the conference, Minnesota was forced to cease scheduling games against Michigan.[70][71][72][73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80] (Michigan remained independent of the conference until 1917 and would not play another game against Minnesota until 1919.)

Players[edit]

Varsity letter winners[edit]

Team captain Albert Benbrook
Halfback Joe Magidsohn
Quarterback Shorty McMillan

At the end of the 1910 season, 15 Michigan players were awarded varsity letter "M's" for their participation on the football team.[81] They were:

Reserves[edit]

Scoring leaders[edit]

Player Touchdowns Extra points Field goals Points
Joe Magidsohn 2 0 0 10
Frederick L. Conklin 0 3 1 6
Stanfield Wells 1 0 0 5
Donald Green 1 0 0 5
George M. Lawton 0 0 1 3
Totals 4 3 2 29

Awards and honors[edit]

  • Captain: Albert Benbrook
  • All-Americans: Albert Benbrook (Walter Camp, Tommy Clark, Evening Standard consensus team, Leslie's Weekly, New York Telegraph), Stanfield Wells (Walter Camp), Joe Magidsohn (Tommy Clark and New York Telegraph)
  • All-Western: Albert Benbrook (Eckersall and Yost), Stanfield Wells (Eckersall and Yost), Joe Magidsohn (Eckersall and Yost), William P. Edmunds (Eckersall and Yost), Stanley Borleske (Eckersall only), and Arthur Cornwell (Yost only).

Coaching staff[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pennsylvania Yearly Results". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  2. ^ "Ohio State Yearly Results". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  3. ^ "Allerdice Is To Assist In Developing a Kicker: Michigan's 1909 Captain Will Be at Whitmore Lake When Candidates Report—Veterans Have Not Been Loafing This Summer—Minnesota Plays Big Game of Season at Ann Arbor—Meet Aggies on October 15". Detroit Free Press. August 21, 1910. p. 14. 
  4. ^ "'Varsity Players Report Sept.: Call Has Been Issued for Pigskin Chasers to Assemble at Whitmore Lake; Twelve 'M' Men Will Be in Line for Places; Two Good Candidates for Position Left Vacant by Graduation of Wasmund". Detroit Free Press. August 17, 1910. p. 10. 
  5. ^ "Yost Enthusiastic Over This Season's Prospects: Coach Explains Virtues of His Team for Two Hours in Midst of Shaving Operations and Declares He is Reminded of Old Times by Size of Squad—Men Who Have Accepted Invitations to Whitmore". Detroit Free Press. September 11, 1910. p. 20. 
  6. ^ "'Varsity Squad Hard at Work: Whitmore Lake Scene of Hustle and Bustle on Arrival of Yost's Footballers; Yost Arrives Today; Allerdice on Ground; Kranzlein and Bartelme Pleased With Outlook for Successful Season". Detroit Free Press. September 20, 1910. p. 9. 
  7. ^ "Yost Thinks Game Will Be Better This Season: Michigan Coach Declares That Open Style of Play under New Rules Will Appeal to Spectators, While Danger of Injury to Players Will Be Greatly Lessened; Squad Reports for Practice at Whitmore Lake Tomorrow". Detroit Free Press. September 18, 1910. p. 17. 
  8. ^ "Yost's Personality Is Big Factor in Success: Michigan Coach Is Great Inspirer of Confidence and Respect—How He Goes to Work to Make a Strong Football Machine". Detroit Free Press. September 25, 1910. p. 20. 
  9. ^ "Only Light Work for Yost's Squad: "Hurry Up" is Content With Conditioning Stunts With Plenty of Breathing Spells; Half Back Magidsohn to Return by Monday; First Real Excitement Furnished by Beubrook Collapsing Dock, Giving Companions Ducking". Detroit Free Press. September 22, 1910. p. 9. 
  10. ^ "Hard Work Faces Men: Punting and Running Back Kicks Are Discarded and More Strenuous Labors Are Indulged in by Yost's Men at Whitmore Lake; Edmunds Joins Camp in Splendid Condition; Wolverines Are Rich in Line Material and Spirited Fight for Places is Anticipated—Coach Looks on and Smiles". Detroit Free Press. September 23, 1910. p. 9. 
  11. ^ "Signals Are Given Squad: Yost Changes His Program and Starts Candidates on Grueling Work—Dozen Plays in Batch Tried Yesterday; Lawton at Fullback; Conklin Is Injured; Detroit Boy May do Kicking This Season—Lewis and Pattengill Report—Douglas on Hand to Help in Coaching". Detroit Free Press. September 27, 1910. p. 8. 
  12. ^ "Training Squad Has Easy Day: Study of Rule and Text Books Takes Up Most of the Athletes' Time; Nineteen Now on Hand; Others Expected Today; Harrington, Daniels and Lewis Are Still to Report at Camp—Greene Is Also Possibility". Detroit Free Press. September 26, 1910. p. 9. 
  13. ^ "Magidsohn Now in Varsity Squad: Halfback Reports to Yost in Splendid Condition After Hard Summer's Work". Detroit Free Press. September 25, 1910. p. 17. 
  14. ^ "M'Millan at Quarter: Detroit Boy Pilots 'Varsity Squad Through Stiff and Varied Signal Practice at Whitmore—No More Light Work; Coaches Try Hard to Develop Place Kicker; Magidsohn and Benbrook Work Faithfully Along This Line—Sullivan Back as Cheer Leader". Detroit Free Press. September 28, 1910. p. 11. 
  15. ^ "Looks Like a Machine: Michigan Football Eleven is Rounding Into Form Rapidly—Today is last of the Whitmore Lake Training Period; Will Work on Ferry Field on Saturday; Thomson and Lawton Show Up Well in Punting Practice—Andy Smith is Back in College—Says He is Out of Athletics". Detroit Free Press. September 30, 1910. p. 9. 
  16. ^ "Preliminary Work of Encouraging Character: Michigan's Practice at Whitmore Lake Serves to Uncover a Lot of Fine Material—Line Probably Will Be Strongest Yost Has Had for Several Years—Plenty of Speed in Backfield". Detroit Free Press. October 2, 1910. p. 18. 
  17. ^ "Snappy Practice on Ferry Field: Michigan Students Have Their First Chance to See 'Varsity Squad in Action.; Men of Yost Will Play Trickiest Kind of Game; Style of Attack is Already Bewildering to Spectators—Conklin Kicks; Freshies to Report". Detroit Free Press. October 2, 1910. p. 19. 
  18. ^ "Scrimmage This Week: Coach Yost Will Give His Burlies Rough Work on Ferry Field From Now on—First Game Saturday; Thompson's Kicking Is Attracting Attention; Assistant Coach Curtis Redden Is Expected Today—Much Time Will Be Devoted to Instruction in the New Rules". Detroit Free Press. October 3, 1910. p. 7. 
  19. ^ "'Varsity Gives Scrubs Licking: Yost Regulars Score Three Touchdowns in Season's First Scrimmage; Don Greene Features with 50-Yard Sprint; Assistant Coach Redden Takes Up His Labops—First Squad Has Several Cripples". Detroit Free Press. October 4, 1910. p. 9. 
  20. ^ "Scrubs Ripped Up by Varsity: Regulars Score Six Times During Scrimmage and Allow but One First Down; Thompson Is Only One Ineligible for Opener; Saginaw Star Only Regular Who Cannot Play Against Case Barring Accidents". Detroit Free Press. October 6, 1910. p. 9. 
  21. ^ "Michigan Player Breaks Leg". The New York Times. October 6, 1910. 
  22. ^ "Leg Is Fractured in Scrimmage Practice: "Dutch" Harrington, One of Yost's Most Promising Candidates for U. of M. Backfield Job, Is Victim of Serious Accident on Ferry Field—Probably Will Be Out for the Season--'Varsity Scores Four Times and Scrub Eleven Once". Detroit Free Press. October 5, 1910. p. 9. 
  23. ^ "Michigan vs Case Institute of Technology (OH)". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  24. ^ ""Best Team Sent Against Case in Last Five Years": That Is Statement Given Out by Coach Yost on Eve of Battle With Husky Boys From the Cleveland Scientific School". Detroit Free Press. October 8, 1910. p. 9. 
  25. ^ a b c d E. A. Batchelor (October 9, 1910). "Case Hols U. of M. Even: Each Team Gets One Field Goal in Opening Game of Season at Ann Arbor, Making Final Score, 3 to 3; "New" Football Proves Great Disappointment; Neither Side is Able to Advance Ball Consistently When Near Opponent's Goal Line – Much Fumbling is Exhibited". Detroit Free Press. p. 15. 
  26. ^ a b "Michigan 3; Case 3". The Michigan Alumnus. November 1910. p. 93. 
  27. ^ "Michigan vs Michigan State". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  28. ^ "Michigan State Yearly Results". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  29. ^ "Farmers' Best Football Year: Season Just Closed Most Successful in History of Athletics at East Lansing; Fitting Close to Coach Brewer's Term of Service; University of Michigan Only Team Able to Cross the Aggies' Final Chalk Mark". Detroit Free Press. December 3, 1910. p. 10. 
  30. ^ ""On to Michigan" Is M.A.C. Slogan: About Five Hundred Rooters Will Accompany Team to Ann Arbor Saturday; Annual Battle Is Talk of Campus at Lansing; With Practically Green Squad Brewer's Team Must Face Yost's Seasoned Veterans". Detroit Free Press. October 9, 1910. p. B7. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Michigan Wins, 6–3: Aggies Give Yost's Men Hardest Kind of Battle, Leading at End of Third Period, by Virtue of Hill's Field Goal; Varsity's Touchdown Comes in Last Quarter; Forward Pass to Borleske and Long Run Bring Ball to One Yard Line, Where M. A. C. Makes Gamest Kind of Fight". Detroit Free Press. October 16, 1910. p. 15. 
  32. ^ a b "Michigan 6; M.A.C. 3". The Michigan Alumnus. November 1910. pp. 93–94. 
  33. ^ "Michigan vs Ohio St.". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  34. ^ "Howard Jones". College Football Hall of Fame. 
  35. ^ a b c "Michigan and Ohio State Tie; Each Team Getting Field Goal; Wolverines Saved by Conklin; Wells Delivers Buckeyes; Men of Yost Are Excelled in Every Department, Save Punting, by Howard Jones's Pupils – 'Varsity Fumbles Are Costly; M'illan's Work Is Feature; Open Style Play in Evidence". Detroit Free Press. October 23, 1910. p. 15. 
  36. ^ a b c "Michigan 3; Ohio State 3". The Michigan Alumnus. November 1910. p. 94. 
  37. ^ Scoring details showing which quarters Michigan scored against Syracuse are not available from the game summary in The Michigan Alumnus.
  38. ^ "Michigan vs Syracuse (NY)". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  39. ^ a b "Syracuse Eleven Beaten by Michigan: Left Halfback Magidson Scores Two Touchdowns on Coach Tad Jones's Team". The New York Times. October 30, 1910. 
  40. ^ a b c "Wolverines Triumph Over Orange Eleven: Michigan Returns to Form that Made Yost Famous and Defeats Syracuse in Brilliant Game by Score of 11 to 0 – Magison Stars, Scoring Both Touchdowns – Jones's Eleven Swept Before Rush of Ann Arbor Men – Orange Makes First Down Once". Detroit Free Press. October 30, 1910. p. 15. 
  41. ^ "Michigan 11; Syracuse 0". The Michigan Alumnus. November 1910. pp. 94–95. 
  42. ^ "Michigan Cancels Game: Notre Dame Insisted on Playing Two Players Who Are Ineligible". The New York Times. November 5, 1910. 
  43. ^ "Michigan vs Notre Dame (IN)". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  44. ^ "McMillan of Michigan Team Hurt". the New York Times. November 8, 1910. 
  45. ^ "2011 NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records". Indianapolis, IN: The National Collegiate Athletic Association. August 2011. pp. 70–75. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Michigan vs Pennsylvania". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  47. ^ "Michigan Team Comes East". The New York Times. November 11, 1910. 
  48. ^ a b c d e f g E. A. Batchelor (November 13, 1910). "Woverines and Pennsylvania Unable to Score in Big Game: Contest Bitterly Fought from First Period to the Last; Michigan Outplays the Husky Sons of William Penn, But Fortune Is Against Men Under Guiding Hand of Yost; Maize and Blue Depends Upon Straight Football Throughout; Pennsy's Forwards Are Torn to Pieces and Pressed Clos to Their Goal Line on Two Occasions". Detroit Free Press. p. 15. 
  49. ^ a b c d Walter H. Eckersall (November 13, 1910). "MICHIGAN PLAYS PENNSY TO A TIE: Referee Eckersall Describes Fierce Scoreless Battle in the East; Yost Has Star Eleven; Offense and Defense of Westerners Bewilder Opponents; Magidsohn Is Star". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. C1. 
  50. ^ "The Pennsylvania Game in Detail". The Michigan Alumnus. December 1910. pp. 137–139. 
  51. ^ "Fine Weather and Banner Game Attract Big Crowd: Over 20,000 Persons Witness Struggle on Ferry Field—Rival Cheer Leaders Get Much Noise From Their Respective Cohorts—Pretty Girls Out in Force—Mob is Well Handled". Detroit Free Press. November 20, 1910. p. 23. 
  52. ^ Michigan drops Minnesota for 12th straight win in Metrodome, Associated Press, November 8, 2008, Accessed November 24, 2008.
  53. ^ "Minnesota Yearly Results". College Football Data Warehouse. 
  54. ^ "Banking on New Plays: Followers Say the Gopher Eleven Will Uncover Method That is Wonderful to Behold in Game Against Wolverines; Minnesota Has Call on Season's Record". Detroit Free Press. November 15, 1910. p. 9. 
  55. ^ "Gophers Are On the Way: Greatest Sendoff Ever Accorded a Minnesota Eleven is Given Boys on Their Departure for Ann Arbor; Students Parade the Streets with Lanterns; All Expect They Will Down Wolverines Saturday—Thompson Not to Be Protested by Williams's Associates". Detroit Free Press. November 17, 1910. p. 9. 
  56. ^ E. A. Batchelor (November 16, 1910). "Men Michigan Meets for National Championship: Fine Battle of Giant Linemen Is Predicted; Struggle Between Michigan and Minnesota Forwards on Saturday Is Likely to Decide Result of the Big Gridiron Contest". Detroit Free Press. p. 9. 
  57. ^ "Fullback Thompson, Michigan Star Is Barred by Gophers". The Toledo News-Bee. November 16, 1910. 
  58. ^ "Thompson May Play With Michigan". The New York Times. November 19, 1910. 
  59. ^ "Thompson To Play on Michigan Team: Faculty Decides to Let Ann Arbor's Full Back Take Part in Big Game". Spokane Daily Chronicle. November 18, 1910. 
  60. ^ a b c d e f g E. A. Batchelor (November 20, 1910). "Brilliant Use of Forward Pass Gives Michigan Men Victory Over Minnesota: Wolverines Score Touchdown in the Last Few Minutes; After Borleske Carries the Ball Half Field's Length on Two Thrilling Runs, Wells Makes Final Plunge Across Line; Conklin Goals, Making Final Count 6 to 0; Gophers Strong in Old-Fashioned Game; Yost's Pupils Prove Themselves Masters of New Football Tactics and Make Most of Their Gains in Open Play; George Lawton's Fine Kicking Is Big Factor in Game". Detroit Free Press. p. 15. 
  61. ^ "Detailed Description of the Great Battle: How the Michigan and Minnesota Elevens Fought Out the Western Championship in Memorable Game on Ferry, Field—Account of Every Movement of the Ball During Four Periods of Thrilling and Strenuous Gridiron Struggle". Detroit Free Press. November 20, 1910. p. 15. 
  62. ^ "The Minnesota Game in Detail". The Michigan Alumnus. December 1910. pp. 140–142. 
  63. ^ a b "Forward Passes Win for Michigan: Wells Heaves Two in Succession and Touchdown Follows Quickly on Minnesota". The New York Times. November 20, 1910. 
  64. ^ Walter H. Eckersall (November 21, 1910). "Sweet Are the Uses of Defeat to Him Who Delights in Explanations: Two Teams Have Claims to Title; Michigan Probably Best in West, but Illinois Must Not Be Overlooked; Big Battle Discussed; Football Knowledge Attributed to Williams Not Evident, Says Eckersall". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 14. 
  65. ^ Walter H. Eckersall (December 11, 1910). "Michigan's Attack Is Best: Comparison of Teams Shows Wolverines Lead in Offense; Defense Also Is Strong; Work of Elevens in West, East and South Reviewed by Eckersall". Chicago Daily Tribune. 
  66. ^ "Benbrook and Wells Are Chosen by Camp: Two Michigan Men Make Yale Critic's All-America Eleven—Benny Has No Equal in His Position, Says Dopester—Walker, of Minnesota, Only Other Westerner to Be Selected—Harvard Awarded Three Places". Detroit Free Press. December 11, 1910. p. 15. 
  67. ^ a b "Eckersall's All-Western Team". The Michigan Alumnus. December 1910. p. 142. 
  68. ^ E. A. Batchelor (November 21, 1910). "Five Michigan Men on the All-Western: Coach Fielding H. Yost Picks Ideal Eleven for The Free Press and Names Quintet of Maize and Blue Players—Exelby, of M. A. C., Is Chosen for a Backfield Position—Minnesota Team Is Awarded Three Places". Detroit Free Press. p. 6. 
  69. ^ E.C. Patterson (December 20, 1910). "Calls Benbrook The West's Best Player: E. C. Patterson, in Selecting Ideal Eleven, Accords High Praise to Michigan Captain—Two Other Wolverines Are Picked for Places on All-Western—Minnesota is Honored by Four Places—Illinois Gets Three". Detroit Free Press. p. 9. 
  70. ^ "May Not Renew the Minnesota Contract: Attitude of Western Conference is Likely to Force Gophers and Wolverines to Part; Princeton or Cornell Suggested as Substitute for Minneapolis Team, if Latter is Not Able to Continue Relations With Michigan". Detroit Free Press. November 22, 1910. p. 9. 
  71. ^ "No Reason Why U. of M. Should Be Dictated to by Conference". Detroit Free Press. November 23, 1910. p. 9. 
  72. ^ "Michigan Is Interested in Conference Question: Ultimate Decision is One That Will Have Big Bearing on the Future Athletic Schedules—Closer Alliance With the Eastern Colleges is Alternative if Wolverines Decline to Return to Western Organization". Detroit Free Press. November 27, 1910. p. 17. 
  73. ^ "No Michigan Representative at Meeting of "Big Eight": Wolverines' First Showing of Her Hand Is Made When Announcement to That Effect is Given Out—Gophers Should Not Allow Dictation in Regard to Schedule". Detroit Free Press. November 27, 1910. p. 22. 
  74. ^ "Chicago May Drop Gophers: Maroons Will Demand Explanation Even if Minnesota Refuses to Meet Wolverines; Will Not Play Michigan Under Any Conditions; Changes May Be Made in Midway Team's Schedule—No Games Booked at Present". Detroit Free Press. November 28, 1910. p. 8. 
  75. ^ "Stagg's Latest Outbreak Angers Michigan Crowd: Midway Director's Utterances Will Do Much to Kill Pro-Conference Sentiment at Ann Arbor—Also May Cause Minnesota to Take New Stand". Detroit Free Press. November 29, 1910. p. 9. 
  76. ^ "Urges Michigan to Re-Enter Conference: "Daily Illini," Official Organ of University of Illinois Students, Issues Strong Appeal to Wolverine Undergraduates—Points Out Numerous Reasons Why Ann Arbor Athletes Should Meet Their Western Brothers as in the Old Days". Detroit Free Press. November 29, 1910. p. 9. 
  77. ^ ""Big Eight" in Reform: Prohibits Intersectional Clashes and Administers Sharp Rebuke to Minnesota—Substitution of Rugby for Football is Proposed; Looks Like Direct Slap at Michigan; Revision of Conference Track Rules and Adoption of Complete "Purity" Code to Govern Colleges Are Features". Detroit Free Press. December 4, 1910. p. 15. 
  78. ^ "Three Alternatives Are Presented to Michigan: Trio of Possible Solutions of the Conference Question—Indications Are That Wolverines Must Get Along Without Minnesota Game For the Present; Western Alliance Not Likely to Disintegrate Because Maize and Blue Refuses to Re-enter the Fold". Detroit Free Press. December 4, 1910. p. 17. 
  79. ^ "Anti-Conference Party Likely to Win Victory: That Faction of Michigan Alumni and Undergraduates Seems to Be Gaining Ground—Question of Getting Good Schedule is Interesting Maize and Blue Men—Ann Arbor Gossip". Detroit Free Press. December 18, 1910. p. 17. 
  80. ^ "May Send Michigan Back to Conference: Recent Threat of Penn to Cut Wolverines Off Its Schedule Will Result in Reconciliation With "Big Eight," It Is Believed, Though Director P. G. Bartelne Is Inclined to Doubt Seriousness of the Story—Must Go Elsewhere for Games". Detroit Free Press. January 7, 1911. p. 8. 
  81. ^ "Fifteen Wolverine Players Awarded "M's;" Green Gets One". Detroit Free Press. November 27, 1910. p. 22. 
  82. ^ Wheaton D. Cole, born November 23, 1886. He received a B.A. degree from Oberlin College and attended law school at Michigan. He became an attorney in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. He lived in Lakewood, Ohio. He died April 24, 1961, in Cleveland, Ohio.
  83. ^ Clement P. Quinn, born November of 1890 or 1891. He was a resident of Saginaw at the time of the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 Censuses. He listed his occupation as a dealer in land in 1920 and as broker of timberlands in 1930. He later worked as a trust officer at Second Bank & Trust Co. in Saginaw. He died December 13, 1975 at Saginaw.
  84. ^ Adair John Hotchkiss, born on September 6, 1887 in Hotchkiss, Colorado. Graduated from the University of Michigan law school in 1911. Died January 1972 in Hotchkiss, Colorado. Served as a lawyer and then a state court judge in Colorado.

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