1910 United States Census

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Thirteenth Census
of the United States
Census Bureau seal.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
Cuyahoga County US Census Form-Herbert Birch Kingston 1910.jpg
Population Schedule
General information
Country United States
Date taken April 15, 1910
Total population 92,228,496
Percent change Increase 21.0%
Most populous state New York
9,113,614
Least populous state Nevada
81,875

The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

Census questions[edit]

The 1910 census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status and, if married, number of years of present marriage
  • for women, number of children born and number now living
  • place of birth and mother tongue of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born, year of immigration; whether naturalized; whether able to speak English and, if unable, language spoken
  • occupation, industry and class of worker
  • if an employee, whether out of work during year
  • literacy
  • school attendance
  • whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether mortgaged
  • whether farm or house
  • whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy
  • whether blind, deaf or dumb

Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Column titles[edit]

The column titles in the census form are as follows:

LOCATION. Street, avenue, road, etc.
House number (in cities or towns).
1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
2. Number of family in order of visitation.


3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910 was in this family.

Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.

Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.


RELATION.

4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.


PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.

5. Sex.

6. Color or race.

7. Age at last birthday.

8. Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

9. Number of years of present marriage.

10. Mother of how many children: Number born.

11. Mother of how many children: Number now living.


NATIVITY.

Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country.

12. Place of birth of this Person.

13. Place of birth of Father of this person.

14. Place of birth of Mother of this person.


CITIZENSHIP.

15. Year of immigration to the United States.

16. Whether naturalized or alien.


17. Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.


OCCUPATION.

18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.,

19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.

20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account.


If an employee—

21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.

22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909.


EDUCATION.

23. Whether able to read.

24. Whether able to write.

25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.


OWNERSHIP OF HOME.

26. Owned or rented.

27. Owned free or mortgaged.

28. Farm or house.

29. Number of farm schedule.


30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.


31. Whether blind (both eyes).


32. Whether deaf and dumb.


State rankings[edit]

Rank State Population
1 New York 9,113,614
2 Pennsylvania 7,665,111
3 Illinois 5,638,591
4 Ohio 4,767,121
5 Texas 3,896,542
6 Massachusetts 3,366,416
7 Missouri 3,293,335
8 Michigan 2,810,173
9 Indiana 2,700,876
10 Georgia 2,609,121
11 New Jersey 2,537,167
12 California 2,377,549
13 Wisconsin 2,333,860
14 Kentucky 2,289,905
15 Iowa 2,224,771
16 North Carolina 2,206,287
17 Tennessee 2,184,789
18 Alabama 2,138,093
19 Minnesota 2,075,708
20 Virginia 2,061,612
21 Mississippi 1,797,114
22 Kansas 1,690,949
23 Louisiana 1,656,388
24 Arkansas 1,574,449
25 South Carolina 1,515,400
26 Maryland 1,295,346
27 West Virginia 1,221,119
28 Nebraska 1,192,214
29 Washington 1,141,990
30 Connecticut 1,114,756
31 Colorado 799,024
32 Florida 752,619
33 Maine 742,371
34 Oregon 672,765
35 South Dakota 583,888
36 North Dakota 577,056
37 Rhode Island 542,610
38 New Hampshire 430,572
39 Montana 376,053
40 Utah 373,351
41 Vermont 355,956
42 Idaho 325,594
43 Delaware 202,322
44 Wyoming 145,965
45 Nevada 81,875

Data availability[edit]

An example of a 1910 U.S. census form with August H. Runge

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[2] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.

Microdata from the 1910 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  2. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets". Retrieved May 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]

  • Historic US Census data
  • census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf