From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1911:
January–March [ edit ]
18 January –
Eugene Ely lands on a platform constructed over the deck of the armored cruiser anchored in USS Pennsylvania San Francisco Bay. This is the first time an aircraft lands on a ship. 26 January –
Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane. 31 January
5 February – The first undisputed aeroplane flight in
New Zealand is made by Vivian Walsh at Auckland in a Howard Wright biplane named Manurewa. 17 February – At
San Diego, California, Glenn Curtiss flies a prototype seaplane out to the U.S. Navy armored cruiser in the harbor. Pennsylvania Pennsylvania hoists the seaplane aboard, then returns it to the water, and Curtiss flies it back to shore. It is the first demonstration that a ship can handle a seaplane. [5 ] 18 February – The first
airmail is carried by an aeroplane. Henri Pequet carries mail across the Jumna River, from Allahabad to Naini Junction, India. The
Spanish Air Force is created as the Aeronáutica militar Española, with four aircraft. 1 March – The first four
Royal Navy pilots, Lieutenants Charles R. Samson, R. Gregory, and Arthur M. Longmore of the Royal Navy and Lieutenant E. L. Gerrard of the Royal Marine Light Infantry, report for flight training at Eastchurch airfield, using borrowed Short S.27 aircraft. 23 March –
Louis Breguet carries 11 passengers a distance of 5 km (3.1 mi).
April–June [ edit ]
Beaumont' Bleriot monoplane
July–September [ edit ]
4 July – The first ever airborne
commercial cargo is flown by Horatio Barber in his Valkyrie B tail-first monoplane. The General Electric company pays £100 to have a box of Osram electric lamps flown from Shoreham to Hove in England. [8 ] 14 July –
Harry N. Atwood flies a record-breaking 576 miles (927 km) from Boston, Massachusetts, to Washington, D.C., landing on the White House lawn. [9 ] [10 ] 16 July – The
LZ 10 Schwaben enters commercial service. It will go on to become the first commercially successful passenger aircraft. 21 July – Pilot
Denise Moore (aka E. Jane-Wright) becomes the first woman to be killed in an airplane crash, at Etampes, France. 22 July–5 August – First
, starting and finishing at Daily Mail Circuit of Britain air race Brooklands. The overall winner is Frenchman Lieut. Jean Louis Conneau flying as André Beaumont in a Blériot XI. 1 August – The
Aero Club of America grants Harriet Quimby the first U.S. pilot 's license issued to a woman. [11 ] [12 ] Matilde Moisant soon follows and becomes the country 's second certified female pilot. [13 ] 3 August – The French aviator and
Voisin test pilot Maurice Colliex pilots the first amphibious aircraft, a Voisin Canard, over the River Seine in Paris. [12 ] 25 August –
Harry N. Atwood completes an 11-day flight of 1,256 miles (2,021 km) from St. Louis, Missouri, to Governors Island in New York Harbor, setting a new airplane distance record, exceeding the previous record by 110 miles (180 km). Along the way, he makes 11 stops and spends 28 hours 31 minutes in the air. [12 ] [14 ] 29 August –
Hilda Hewlett becomes the first British woman to receive a pilot's licence. 9 September – The first British airmail flight is made:
Gustav Hamel flies from Hendon to Windsor. 15 September – French aeroplane designer and racing pilot
Édouard Nieuport is killed in a flying accident. Along with his brother Charles he had been the co-founder of the aircraft manufacturer Nieuport. 23 September
24 September – The
Royal Navy 's first rigid airship, , also known as HMA No. 1 Mayfly, breaks in half and is wrecked during a pre-commissioning ground test.
October–December [ edit ]
10 October – During an attempt to become the first person to cross the
continental United States by air, Calbraith Rodgers breaks Harry Atwood 's August cross-country distance record , reaching 1,398 miles (2,251 km). [16 ] 14 October – Worldwide aviation deaths reach a total of 100.
[16 ] 19 October – Eugene Ely dies in an air crash.
22 October – A military airplane makes an operational flight for the first time when an
Italian Army Blériot XI piloted by Captain Carlo Piazza flies from Tripoli to 'Aziziya to carry out reconnaissance of Ottoman Army positions in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. Later in the day, an Italian [17 ] Nieuport flown by a Captain Moizo becomes the first airplane to be damaged by enemy forces in combat when it suffers several hits from Turkish ground fire. [17 ] 24 October –
Orville Wright soars in a glider 9 minutes and 45 seconds over dunes near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. 26 October – An airplane directs naval gunfire for the first time when an Italian
Etrich Taube crewed by Captain Carlo Piazza and Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti spots fire for the (Italian Royal Navy) Regia Marina armored cruiser as she fires at Ottoman Army positions ashore in Libya. Carlo Alberto [17 ] 31 October –
John Montgomery is fatally injured in a crash of his Evergreen glider near San Jose, California. 1 November – An airplane conducts a wartime bombing mission for the first time, when
Italian Lieutenant Giulio Gavotti, flying an Etrich Taube monoplane, drops four 2-kg (4.5-pound) bombs on Ottoman Army positions at Ain Zara and Tajura near Tripoli, Libya, during the Italo-Turkish War. [18 ] [19 ] [20 ] 2 November –
Calbraith Rodgers and Robert G. Fowler, who both are attempting the first coast-to-coast flight across the continental United States – Rodgers westbound and Fowler eastbound – meet in Tucson, Arizona Territory, where both are making a stopover. [21 ] 5 November –
Calbraith Rodgers completes the first coast-to-coast airplane flight across the continental United States in the Vin Fiz Flyer. The trip takes 49 days, with several crashes en route. 1 December -
Royal Navy Lieutenant Arthur Longmore lands a float-equipped Short Improved S.27 in the River Medway, becoming the first person in the United Kingdom to take off from land and make a successful water landing.
First flights [ edit ]
^ Layman 1989,p. 17-18.
^ Layman 1989, p. 13.
^ Peattie 2001, p. 4-5.
^ Peattie 2001, p. 11.
^ a b c Layman 1989, p. 110.
^ Great Britain Timeline: 1911 - 1941
^ "Dashes Into Group Of French Cabinet Officers". . May 25, 1911 New Oxford Item . Retrieved . 2010-11-04
^ Taylor, John W. R. (1972) [1971 - Hamlyn Publishing], "Aircraft", Gossamer All-Color Guide Series (Grosset & Dunlap)
^ "Taft Greets Atwood after Rainy Flight", New York Times, July 15, 1911
^ John Carver Edwards, Orville's Aviators: Outstanding Alumni of the Wright Flying School, 1910-1916 (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2009), 172.
^ "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, August 1, 2011, p. 30.
^ a b c Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 153.
^ "An American Lady Aviator". . 26 August 1911 Flight . Retrieved . 16 May 2012
^ "Atwood Ends Record Air Trip. Lands Here 1,265 Miles from St. Louis, Beating Best Previous Flight by 101 Miles". . August 26, 1911 New York Times . Retrieved . 2012-10-11 Harry N. Atwood, the young Boston aviator, landed at Governors Island at 2:38 yesterday afternoon, at the end of the greatest cross-country flight in the history of ...
^ Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 154.
^ a b Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 155.
^ a b c Franks, Norman, Aircraft vs. Aircraft: The Illustrated Story of Fighter Pilot Combat From 1914 to the Present Day, London: Grub Street, 1998, ISBN 1-902304-04-7, p. 8.
^ The influence of air power upon history by Walter J. Boyne, p.38
^ Whitehouse, Arch, The Zeppelin Fighters, New York: Ace Books, 1966, no ISBN number, p. 39.
^ Franks, Norman, Aircraft vs. Aircraft: The Illustrated Story of Fighter Pilot Combat From 1914 to the Present Day, London: Grub Street, 1998, ISBN 1-902304-04-7, pp. 8-9.
^ Blackstock, Joe, "Fowler Tried Harder But Was Only the Second Flier To Cross the Nation By Airplane," Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, May 14, 2012.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 75.
References [ edit ]
Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9 Peattie, Mark R.,
Sunburst: The Rise of Japanese Naval Air Power 1909-1941, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2001, ISBN 1-55750-432-6