April 27–29, 1912 tornado outbreak

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April 27–28, 1912 tornado outbreak
Date(s) April 27–28, 1912
Duration Approximately 24 hours
Tornadoes caused 26
Maximum rated tornado F4 (Fujita scale)
Casualties 45

The April 27–28, 1912 tornado outbreak was a major tornado outbreak. At least six violent tornadoes touched down throughout Oklahoma, with near constant activity until early the next day. At least 15 cities were affected. 40 people died, and 120 injured.[1]

Meteorological synopsis[edit]

Limited weather data was collected and recorded at that time in Oklahoma. Predating upper atmospheric measurements, most data collection was of human observations, along with temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction, and rainfall.[1]

A cold front moved south through Oklahoma into Texas on April 26, before stalling in central Texas, leaving a southwest/northeast stationary front. Early on the 28th, it pushed back northward against a warm front to the east. The warm front was noted to have moved from the southeast on the 27th to the northeast on the 28th; it was this movement of warm air against the cold front over that that fueled the storms that provided the tornado activity.[1]

Tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
F?
Confirmed
F0
Confirmed
F1
Confirmed
F2
Confirmed
F3
Confirmed
F4
Confirmed
F5
≥ 26 0 1 1 10 6 8 0

April 27[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - April 27, 1912[nb 1]

F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Total
0 0 6 6 7 0 ≥ 19
Deaths: 36 Injuries: 128
F# Location County / Parish State Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary
F4 SE of Kirkland, TX to N of Eldorado, OK Childress (TX), Hardeman (TX), Jackson (OK) TX, OK 1630 700140000000000000040 miles (64 km) 69995000000000000000.5 mi (800 m) $77,000 5 deaths – This major, long-tracked tornado killed five people and injured 20 others in Texas; four of the deaths were in one family as their home was swept away. 30 homes were damaged or destroyed in both states, with $12,000 losses near Eldorado and $65,000 losses in Texas. The tornado struck 43 farms in its path.[2]
F2 Warren Jackson OK 1815 unknown unknown unknown Tornado hit Warren around noon CST.[3] Details are unavailable.[4]
F4 SE of Granite to Lugert to NW of Hobart Greer, Kiowa OK 1830 700140000000000000040 miles (64 km) 69995000000000000000.5 mi (800 m) $300,000[5] 7+ deaths – Nearly all buildings (except two) were leveled in Lugert, where a mother and her daughter died. The tornado transported papers 75 mi (121 km) away. The tornado caused three (possibly five) deaths and killed 100 or more cattle near of Hobart.[3][4]
F3 Rocky area Washita OK 1915 700120000000000000020 miles (32 km) 69995000000000000000.5 mi (800 m) unknown A tornado destroyed about 50 homes, a school, and 10 barns as it hit Rocky. The tornado began 5 mi (8.0 km) southwest of town and ended 15 mi (24 km) northeast of town.[3][4][5]
F2 Corn area Washita OK 1950 about 700110000000000000010 miles (16 km) unknown unknown 4 deaths – Tornado hit Corn, then called Korn until World War I, and the nearby "Korn Valley," where four people died.[3] No other information available.[4] Counted by Grazulis as part of the next tornado, below,[3] but more recent research has shown this to have been a separate tornado.[4]
F4 W of Colony to S of Geary Washita, Caddo, Blaine OK 2000 700127000000000000027 miles (43 km) 69995000000000000000.5 mi (800 m) $5,000[5] 2 deaths[4] – This large and powerful tornado devastated farms across Caddo County.[3]
F3 W of Altus to W of Blair Jackson OK 2030 700111000000000000011 miles (18 km) 7002250000000000000250 yd (230 m) $19,000[5] This tornado devastated about 12 farms near Martha. One person was injured.[3][5]
F3 SW of Hinton to Calumet to NW of El Reno Caddo, Canadian OK 2100 700123000000000000023 miles (37 km) 7002400000000000000400 yd (370 m) $125,000[5] 3+ deaths – This strong tornado hit the towns of Hinton and Calumet. 26 structures were destroyed in Calumet, where three people died. Four others may have been killed in Hinton. A sign from Hinton was found to have been carried north of Calumet.[3]
F4 S of Bartley to Cambridge area Red Willow, Furnas NE 2200 700110000000000000010 miles (16 km) unknown unknown A tornado destroyed three homes and obliterated at least five barns. An entire farmsite was swept clean of all buildings. Four people survived the tornado in an orchard, but with injuries.[3]
F4 E of Erick to E of Sayre to Elk City Beckham OK 2245 700123000000000000023 miles (37 km) 7002150000000000000150 yd (140 m) unknown 2 deaths – A tornado destroyed 35 buildings and killed 15 livestock.[5] Two people died near Sayre as the tornado destroyed 11 homes. Five funnel clouds were observed along the path of the storm, and debris from homes was strewn for miles.[3]
F4 W of Foss to Butler Washita, Custer OK 0030 700120000000000000020 miles (32 km) 7002150000000000000150 yd (140 m) $50,000[5] 6 deaths – This tornado destroyed the town of Foss and the east side of Butler.[3][5][6] The tornado destroyed 32 homes in Butler. Debris from the town was found in Putnam, 15 mi (24 km) to the northeast.[3]
F3 SW of Speer to S of Dela Choctaw OK 0030 70007000000000000007 miles (11 km) 7002167000000000000167 yd (153 m) unknown 1 death, 3 injuries – Details are unknown.[4]
F2 Granite Greer OK 0220 70008000000000000008 miles (13 km) unknown unknown Details are unknown.[4]
F3 NW of Stratford to SE of Butler Custer OK 0230 70005000000000000005 miles (8.0 km) unknown $50,000[5] 1 death – A tornado damaged or destroyed eight farmhouses.[3]
F4 NW of Hobart to Sentinel to NW of Cordell Kiowa, Washita OK 0245 700120000000000000020 miles (32 km) 7002600000000000000600 yd (550 m) $75,000[3] 4 deaths – A violent tornado damaged or destroyed about 60 homes in Sentinel, mostly in the western half of the town. There were no injuries as the entire population had seen the funnel approaching 15 minutes in advance.[3] Two people died on a farm southwest of Sentinel. The tornado then continued to the northwest edge of Cordell, destroying six more homes, killing two people before turning east and dissipating.[3]
F3 S of Granite to N of Lone Wolf Greer, Kiowa OK 0245 700112000000000000012 miles (19 km) unknown unknown 1 death – A tornado destroyed buildings and farmhouses on at least 14 farms.[3]
F2 Crescent/Mulhall areas Logan OK 0545 70005000000000000005 miles (8.0 km) unknown unknown A tornado destroyed at least two homes. Two people may have been crushed to death in a storm cave.[3]
F2 W of Butler Custer OK 0545 unknown unknown unknown A tornado destroyed several barns.[3]
F2 E of Cashion to Cedar Valley Logan OK 0555[4] 70005000000000000005 miles (8.0 km) unknown unknown A tornado destroyed a home and a barn 8 mi (13 km) southwest of Guthrie.[3]

April 28[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - April 28, 1912[nb 1]

F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Total
1 1 3 0 1 0 ≥ 6
Deaths: 6 Injuries: 24
F# Location County / Parish State Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary
F0+ SE of Hobart Kiowa OK ~0730[5] unknown unknown unknown Details are unknown.[4]
F2 SW of Sallisaw Sequoyah OK 0830[4] 700110000000000000010 miles (16 km) unknown unknown A tornado destroyed six homes.[3]
F2 N of Marble to E of Bunch Sequoyah, Adair OK 0830 700112000000000000012 miles (19 km) unknown unknown 2 deaths, 4 injuries – Details are unknown.[4]
F2 N of Bono to S of Joshua Johnson TX 1700 70005000000000000005 miles (8.0 km) 700150000000000000050 yd (46 m) unknown A tornado destroyed small homes and barns.[3]
F4 SSW of Henderson to S of Church Hill to Tatum area Rusk, Panola TX 1930 700130000000000000030 miles (48 km) 7002200000000000000200 yd (180 m) unknown 4 deaths – A long-tracked tornado destroyed 30 or more homes in six communities. It destroyed a brick home, killing a man inside. Two people were thrown 7002500000000000000500 yd (460 m) as well. Downburst damage occurred in Tatum.[3]
F1 Fouke, AR area Cass TX 0100 unknown unknown unknown 2 deaths – A tornado occurred 12 mi (19 km) south of Texarkana, felling a tree that killed two women.[3]

April 29[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - April 29, 1912[nb 1]

F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Total
0 0 1 0 0 0 ≥ 1
Deaths: 3 Injuries: 15
F# Location County / Parish State Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary
F2 S of Liddieville to N of Winnsboro Franklin LA unknown 700110000000000000010 miles (16 km) 7002400000000000000400 yd (370 m) unknown 3 deaths – A tornado destroyed many homes and much timber.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c All dates are based on the local time zone where the tornado touched down; however, all times are in Coordinated Universal Time for consistency.
  2. ^ a b c All damage totals are in 1912 USD unless otherwise stated.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Tornado Outbreak of April 27-28, 1912". National Weather Service. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Grazulis 1993, p. 733
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Grazulis 1993, p. 734
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Tornado Tables for the April 27-28, 1912 Tornado Outbreak". Norman, Oklahoma: National Weather Service. March 12, 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cline, Isaac (1912). Cline, Isaac, ed. "District No. 7, lower Mississippi Valley". Monthly Weather Review (U.S. Weather Bureau) 40 (4): 571–573. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1912)40<571:DNLMV>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "Quotes from Newspaper Reports Related to the Tornado Outbreak of April 27-28, 1912". Norman, OK: National Weather Service. March 12, 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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