From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1912:
First successful all-metal aircraft flies, the
Tubavion monoplane built by Ponche and Maurice Primard in France. The
French Navy officially establishes an air arm, the Service Aéronautique. [1 ] The first
Bulgarian Air Force is formed, using Blériot, Albatros, Farman, Nieuport, Voisin, Somer, Skiorski, and Bristol aircraft (23 in total) to fight in the First Balkan War. Captain
Alessandro Guidoni of Italy experiments with the air-launching of torpedoes by dropping weights from a Farman biplane. [2 ]
January–March [ edit ]
Anthony Fokker establishes Fokker Aeroplanbau in Germany, predecessor to Fokker Aircraft Company. 4 February – In
Paris, Austrian-born French inventor Franz Reichelt, the "Flying Tailor," dies in a jump from the Eiffel Tower in an attempt to demonstrate his "parachute-suit," a wearable parachute. The jump is captured on film. 5 February – The
British Arbitration League, a peace society, issues an appeal against air warfare. Among those signing it are the British phyician and author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the British novelist and poet Thomas Hardy, and the American painter John Singer Sargent. [5 ] 17 February –
Robert G. Fowler completes the first west-to-east flight across the continental United States, arriving in Pablo Beach, Florida, also becoming the second person to complete a U.S. transcontinental flight. After a false start from San Francisco, California, on 11 September 1911, he had begun his journey from Los Angeles, California, on 19 October 1911. During his journey, he has flown the first plane to be launched from a rolling railroad handcar, taken up as a passenger Edward Shaw at Beaumont, Texas, allowing Shaw to film the first aerial motion pictures, and made the first air delivery of medicine, during a flight from Jennings to Evangeline, Louisiana. He had made 65 forced landings during his journey. [6 ] [7 ] 22 February –
Jules Vedrines becomes the first pilot to exceed 100 miles per hour (161 km/h). He makes his flight in a Deperdussin monoplane near Pau, France. 24–25 February –
Italian Army Captain Carlo Piazza takes the first wartime reconnaissance photographs from an airplane, photographing Ottoman Army positions in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. [3 ] March – The conversion of the ex-
torpedo boat tender into the Foudre French Navy 's first ship capable of carrying and handling airplanes is completed. In her new role, Foudre is the first ship with an airplane hangar. She also is the first warship to be permanently altered for service as an aviation ship. [8 ] 1 March –
Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump out of an aeroplane, leaping from a Benoist pusher biplane piloted by Tony Jannus at 1,500 feet (457 meters) over Kinlock Field at Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, Missouri. [4 ] 5 March –
Airships are used for military purposes for the first time, when the Italian dirigibles P2 and P3 begin reconnaissance missions behind Ottoman Army lines west of Tripoli, Libya, during the Italo-Turkish War. [5 ] [9 ]
April–June [ edit ]
2 April –
Eleanor Trehawke Davies becomes the first woman to cross the English Channel in an airplane, flying as the passenger of Gustav Hamel. [10 ] 16 April – American aviator
Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly the English Channel, making the crossing from Dover, England, to France in 59 minutes. [11 ] 19 April – An Italian
blimp takes the first known motion pictures of enemy positions, filming Ottoman Army positions in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War. [12 ] 22 April – Englishman
Denys Corbett Wilson completes the first completely successful aeroplane crossing of the Irish Sea, from Goodwick in Wales to Crane near Enniscorthy in Ireland ( Robert Loraine's flight in 1910, often credited as the first crossing, landed 200 feet short). May – A recommendation is made that the French Navy investigate the design and procurement of an
aircraft carrier with a flight deck. For the first time, an armored hangar is suggested for such a ship. Plans for the ship are cancelled about 1917 prior to any construction. [1 ] [13 ] 9 May – Commander
Charles Rumney Samson becomes the first person to fly an aircraft off the deck of a moving ship. He takes off in Short Improved S.27 No.38 from a ramp built over the deck of battleship HMS in Hibernia Weymouth Bay. [14 ] 13 May –
George V approves the formation of the Royal Flying Corps. Under overall control of the British Army, it includes all British military and naval aircraft, organized into a Military Wing and a Naval Wing. [15 ] 22 May –
United States Marine Corps First Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham reports to the Naval Aviation Camp at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, to begin training as the U.S. Marine Corps 's first aviator. The date is considered the birth date of U.S. Marine Corps aviation. [16 ] 27 May – The world
's first seaplane carrier, the French Navy's Foudre, embarks her first floatplane, a [13 ] Canard Voisin. 30 May –
Wilbur Wright, co-inventor of the airplane, dies in Dayton, Ohio. June
1 June – The first aeroplane flight in
Norway is made by Lieutenant Hans Dons in an Etrich Taube. 2 June – The
Lewis machine gun is first tested in an aircraft by the United States Army. This weapon would go on to become the standard armament of many fighter aircraft during World War I. 8 June – The Italian
dirigibles P2 and P3 discover and make a highly effective bombing attack against Ottoman Army cavalry during the Italo-Turkish War 's Battle of Zanzur, making an important contribution to the Italian Army 's victory in the battle. [9 ] 10 June – The
Austro-Hungarian submarine tows a U-5 kite balloon, apparently to determine the best coloration for submarines to avoid detection while underwater. Other than the experimental use of balloons from ships to bombard Venice in 1849 by its predecessor the Austrian Navy, it is the only operation of an observation balloon by the Austro-Hungarian Navy. [18 ] 19 June – The
Royal Flying Corps 's Central Flying School opens at Upavon, Wiltshire. 27 June – Following successes using aircraft against the Turks in North Africa,
Italy forms a specialised Air Battalion ( Battagliore Aviatori).
July–September [ edit ]
1 July – During an air show,
Harriet Quimby and a meet organizer flying with her as a passenger die in an airplane crash in Dorchester Bay off Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States. 2 July
31 July – The
United States Navy tests an aircraft catapult for the first time. The test, which is conducted ashore, is a failure, as the aircraft is badly damaged. [21 ] 1 August – The
United States Marine Corps 's first aviator, First Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham, makes his first solo flight, piloting a "hydroplane" ( floatplane) in Massachusetts. [22 ] 2 August – Start of
British Military Aeroplane Competition at Larkhill on Salisbury Plain for aircraft to meet the requirements of the newly formed Royal Flying Corps. The competition attracts 32 entrants and is won by S. F. Cody with his Cody V biplane. [23 ] 10 August –
Frank McClean flies a Short Brothers floatplane up the River Thames between the upper and lower parts of Tower Bridge and underneath London Bridge. [24 ] 6 September –
Royal Flying Corps members Captain Patrick Hamilton and Lieutenant Athole Wyness Stuart are killed in a crash near Willian, Hertfordshire flying a Deperdussin monoplane. [25 ] 7 September – The French aviator
Roland Garros sets a world altitude record of 13,200 feet (4,023 meters). [26 ] 8 September – The
Argentine Air Force is formed as a flying school at El Palomar, the military airport near Buenos Aires. 10 September – A third fatal accident involving a Royal Flying Corps monoplane occurs when a
Bristol Coanda monoplane crashes near Wolvercote (Oxford), killing Lieutenants E. Hotchkiss and C. Bettington. These accidents lead to a ban on the use of monoplanes by the RFC. 25 September –
Charles Voisin dies and Raymonde de Laroche suffers serious injuries in an automobile accident near Lyons, France. [27 ] 21 September – First flight from
Kjeller Airport, the first airport established in Norway. [28 ]
October–December [ edit ]
6 October – At
Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal, Japan, Lieutenant Yōzō Kaneko makes the Imperial Japanese Navy 's first flight, piloting a Farman seaplane for 15 minutes and reaching an altitude of 30 meters (100 feet). [29 ] 16 October – The first use of an
aerial bomb and the first use of an airplane as a bomber takes place when Bulgarian Army Aviation Department pilots Radul Milkov and Prodan Tarakchiev, flying an Albatros F.II, bomb the Turkish railway station of Karaagac (near Edirne), during the First Balkan War. 22 October – The
Australian Flying Corps is formed. The British
Admiralty establishes an air department and orders the [30 ] Vickers E.F.B.1, the first British airplane built as an armed fighting aircraft. [31 ] 2 November – The first airplane flights in
Japan by Imperial Japanese Navy personnel are made by two officers at Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal using Farman and Curtiss seaplanes. [17 ] 12 November
19 November – Italy's colonial air force is established as the
. Servizio d'Aviazione Coloniale 28 November – The
Italian Air Battalion is made a fully operational command, the ( Flotta Aerea d'Italia). The United States Navy launches a
flying boat by catapult for the first time. [21 ]
William Beardmore & Company proposes the first Royal Navy aircraft carrier with a flight deck - a 450-foot (137-meter), 15,000-ton ship capable of carrying ten airplanes - to the British Admiralty. The Admiralty rejects the proposal on the grounds of insufficient experience with operation of aircraft at sea. [33 ] 16 December –
Tony Jannus arrives in New Orleans, Louisiana, completing a flight from Omaha, Nebraska, over the Missouri and Mississippi rivers in a Benoist Type XII floatplane he had begun on November 6. The 1,973-mile (3,177-km) journey sets a new distance record for overwater flight, and the 42 aerial exhibitions Jannus has performed along the way have exposed thousands of people in the central and southern United States to aviation. [34 ] 31 December – The Royal Navy has 16 aircraft in service – eight
biplane landplanes, five monoplane landplanes, and three " hydro-aeroplanes." [15 ]
First flights [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
Avro Type G
Entered service [ edit ]
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2011)
^ a b Layman 1989, p. 15.
^ Chant, Chris, The World, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2000, 's Great Bombers ISBN 0-7607-2012-6, p. 13.
^ a b Franks, Norman, Aircraft vs. Aircraft: The Illustrated Story of Fighter Pilot Combat From 1914 to the Present Day, London: Grub Street, 1998, ISBN 1-902304-04-7, p. 9.
^ a b Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 158.
^ a b Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 159.
^ Blackstock, Joe, "Fowler Tried Harder But Was Only the Second Flier To Cross the Nation By Airplane," Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, May 14, 2012.
^ Roy, "Jacksonville's Role in First Cross-Country Flight in 1912," The Florida Times Union, February 28, 2012.
^ Layman 1989, p. 17-18.
^ a b World War I Centennial: Bombs Over Libya
^ Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 160.
^ "Today in History," Washington Post Express, April 16, 2012, p. 34.
^ The Troplitanian War 1911-1912
^ a b Layman 1989, p. 17.
^ "The Naval Review and the Aviators", Flight, 18 May 1912: 442
^ a b Thetford, Owen, British Naval Aircraft Since 1912, Sixth Edition, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991, ISBN 1-55750-076-2, p. 10.
^ Knapp, Walter, "The Marines Take Wing," Aviation History, May 2012, p. 50.
^ a b Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 37.
^ Layman 1989, p. 13.
^ Siegel, Nan, "Renaissance Man Melvin Vaniman", Aviation History, July 2012, p. 53.
^ Kenney, Kimberly, "A Thousand Miles By Airship", Aviation History, July 2012, p. 53.
^ a b Layman 1989, p. 111.
^ Anonymous, "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, August 1, 2013, p. 26.
^ "Aeroplane Tests: First Prizes Won By Mr. Cody., British Successes". (39992) (London). 31 August 1912. p. 4, column A. The Times
^ Obituaries. "Sir Francis McClean Pioneer Aviator". The Times (53297) (London). 1955-08-12. p. 11, column C.
^ The Army Fatalities 14 September 1912 Flight
^ Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 165.
^ Pawlak, Debra Ann, "The Baroness of Flight," Aviation History, July 2008, p. 17.
^ Godal, Anne Marit (ed.). "Kjeller flyplass". (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon Store norske leksikon . Retrieved 2013-10-09.
^ Peattie 2001, p. 5-6.
^ Layman 1989, p. 32.
^ Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World London: Hermes House, 2006, 's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, ISBN 9781846810008, p. 17.
^ Peattie 2001, p. 5.
^ Layman 1989, p. 33-4.
^ airandspacemuseum.org The Brief, Bright Aviation Career of St. Louis's Tom Benoist
^ Maksel, Rebecca (August 13, 2008). "The Father of Chinese Aviation". Air & Space. Smithsonian Institution . Retrieved August 18, 2012.
References [ edit ]
Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9 Peattie, Mark R.,
Sunburst: The Rise of Japanese Naval Air Power 1909-1941, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2001, ISBN 1-55750-432-6