1912 in literature
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In poetry: 1909 1910 1911 -1912- 1913 1914 1915
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The year 1912 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- January 5 (December 23, 1911 O.S.) - Stanislavski and Craig's seminal symbolist Moscow Art Theatre production of Hamlet opens.
- January 21 - Joseph Conrad achieves his first popular success as the New York Herald begins serializing his novel Chance, having bought the rights to the unfinished work, halted in 1906, in June 1911. Conrad continues to work on finishing the book while the first chapters are appearing weekly in the Herald, completing it on March 26.
- March 3 - Frieda Weekley meets D. H. Lawrence in Nottingham.
- April 14–15 - Sinking of the RMS Titanic: The ocean liner RMS Titanic strikes an iceberg and sinks on her maiden voyage from the United Kingdom to the United States. American mystery writer Jacques Futrelle, English journalist and publisher William Thomas Stead and American bibliophile Harry Elkins Widener are among the more than 1500 dead. A copy of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam in a jewelled binding by Sangorski & Sutcliffe (1911) is also lost. The event leads to a flood of poems, including Thomas Hardy's "The Convergence of the Twain".
- August 10 - Virginia Stephen marries Leonard Woolf at St. Pancras Town Hall in London.
- Edgar Rice Burroughs' character Tarzan (Viscount Greystoke, raised as a feral child by the fictional Mangani great apes) first appears in Tarzan of the Apes in American pulp magazine The All-Story.
- Sax Rohmer's character Fu Manchu (a "Yellow Peril" master criminal) first appears in "The Zayat Kiss" in English pulp magazine Story-Teller, the first instalment of The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu.
- Harley Granville-Barker directs productions of Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale and Twelfth Night at the Savoy Theatre, London, with simplified scenery, ensemble acting and naturalistic verse speaking.
- Arthur Schnitzler's play La Ronde (Reigen, 1900) is first performed (without the author's consent), in Budapest, and also first translated into French.
- Publication of the Loeb Classical Library, parallel text editions of the classics, begins by London publisher Heinemann.
- Mary Antin - The Promised Land
- L. Frank Baum
- Arnold Bennett - The Matador of the Five Towns
- E. F. Benson - Mrs. Ames
- Rhoda Broughton - Between Two Stools
- Mary Grant Bruce - Mates at Billabong
- Ivan Bunin - Dry Valley
- Edgar Rice Burroughs
- Willa Cather - Alexander's Bridge
- Joseph Conrad - The Secret Sharer
- Ethel M. Dell
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - The Lost World
- Theodore Dreiser - The Financier
- Lord Dunsany - The Book of Wonder (short stories)
- Edna Ferber - Buttered Side Down
- Anatole France - Les dieux ont soif
- R. Austin Freeman
- The Mystery of 31 New Inn
- The Singing Bone
- Elinor Glyn
- Love Itself
- The Reasons Why
- Sarah Grand - Adam's Orchard
- Zane Grey - Riders of the Purple Sage
- Knut Hamsun - The Last Joy
- James Weldon Johnson - The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man
- Annie Fellows Johnston - Mary Ware's Promised Land
- Franz Kafka - The Judgement
- Ada Leverson - Tenterhooks
- D. H. Lawrence - The Trespasser
- Stephen Leacock - Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town
- Sinclair Lewis (as Tom Graham) - Hike and the Aeroplane
- Julijonas Lindė-Dobilas - Blūdas; arba Lietuva buvusios Rusijos revoliucijos mete ("Rampage")
- Jack London
- Oskar Luts - Kevade ("Spring"; part I)
- John MacCormick - Dùn Aluinn (in book form)
- Thomas Mann - Death in Venice (Der Tod in Venedig)
- Lucy Maud Montgomery - Chronicles of Avonlea
- E. Nesbit - The Magic World
- E. Phillips Oppenheim
- Baroness Orczy
- Beatrix Potter - The Tale of Mr. Tod
- Eleanor H. Porter - Miss Billy's Decision
- Forrest Reid - Following Darkness
- Saki - The Unbearable Bassington
- Henryk Sienkiewicz - In Desert and Wilderness
- Hjalmar Söderberg - The Serious Game
- James Stephens - The Crock of Gold
- Sui Sin Far - Mrs. Spring Fragrance
- Leo Tolstoy - Hadji Murat
- Hugh Walpole - The Prelude to Adventure
- Jean Webster - Daddy-Long-Legs
- H. G. Wells - Marriage
- Percy F. Westerman
- Edith Wharton - The Reef
- P. G. Wodehouse - The Prince and Betty
- Stefan Żeromski - The Faithful River
- George Diamandy - Rațiunea de stat ("The Reason of State")
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal - Everyman, adapted as Jedermann
- George Bernard Shaw - Pygmalion (published)
- G. K. Sowerby - Rutherford and Son
Main article: 1912 in poetry
- Anna Akhmatova - Vecher ("Evening")
- Edwin James Brady
- Georgian Poetry 1911-12
- Amy Lowell - A Dome of Many-Coloured Glass
- Pauline Johnson - Flint and Feather
- Rabindranath Tagore (writer & translator) - Gitanjali (Song Offerings)
- Hilaire Belloc - The Servile State
- Arnold Bennett - Those United States
- Alexander Berkman - Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist
- Aleister Crowley - Magick (Book 4)
- Carl Jung - Psychology of the Unconscious (Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido)
- Pierre Loti - Un Pèlerin d'Angkor ("A Pilgrimage to Angkor")
- Donald Lowrie - My Life in Prison
- John Muir - The Yosemite
- Bertrand Russell - The Problems of Philosophy
- Ernst Troeltsch - Die Soziallehren der christlichen Kirchen und Gruppen ("The Sociology of the Christian Churches and Groups")
- January 7 - Charles Addams, cartoonist (died 1988)
- January 30 - Barbara Tuchman, historian (died 1989)
- February 2 - Millvina Dean youngest survivor of the Titanic, at 2 months old (died 31 May 2009)
- February 11 - Roy Fuller English poet/novelist (died 1991)
- February 12 - R. F. Delderfield, novelist and historian (died 1972)
- February 15 - George Mikes, humorist (died 1987)
- February 17 - Andre Norton, sci-fi and fantasy author (died 2005)
- February 20 - Pierre Boulle, novelist (died 1994)
- February 27 - Lawrence Durrell, poet and novelist (died 1990)
- March 12 - Kylie Tennant, novelist, dramatist and historian (died 1988)
- May 3 - May Sarton, American writer (died 1995)
- May 16 - Studs Terkel, writer and broadcaster (died 2008)
- May 20 - J. L. Carr, novelist and publisher (died 1994)
- May 27 - John Cheever, writer (died 1982)
- May 29 - Pamela Hansford Johnson, poet, novelist and critic, and wife of C. P. Snow (died 1981)
- June 20 - Anthony Buckeridge, children's author (died 2004)
- June 24 - Mary Wesley, novelist (died 2002)
- June 29 - John Toland, Pulitzer-winning historian and biographer (died 2004)
- July 3 - Elizabeth Taylor, novelist (died 1975)
- July 6 - Heinrich Harrer, Austrian explorer and author (Seven Years in Tibet) (died 2006)
- July 14 - Northrop Frye, critic (died 1991)
- August 4 - Virgilio Piñera, poet and short-story writer (died 1979)
- August 10 - Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (died 2001)
- August 18 - Elsa Morante, Italian author (died 1985)
- August 23 - Nelson Rodrigues, Brazilian author (died 1980)
- September 12 - J. F. Hendry, Scottish-born poet (died 1986)
- October 31 - Oscar Dystel, American paperback publisher (died 2014)
- November 8 - Monica Edwards, English children's author (died 1998)
- November 24 - Garson Kanin, dramatist and screenwriter (died 1999)
- November 25 - Francis Durbridge, dramatist (died 1998)
- November 26 - Eugène Ionesco, Romanian Absurdist playwright (died 1994)
- December 4 - Ian Wallace (died 1998), science fiction author
- January 2 - Alfred D'Orsay Tennyson Dickens, son of Charles Dickens and lecturer on Dickens' works (born 1845)
- January 27 - Alexandre Bisson, French playwright, vaudeville creator, and novelist (born 1848)
- January 28 - Gustave de Molinari, economist (born 1819)
- February 8 - Girish Chandra Ghosh, Bengali musician, poet, playwright, novelist, theatre director and actor (born 1844)
- March 1 - George Grossmith, co-author of Diary of a Nobody (born 1847)
- April 6 - Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet (born 1855)
- April 10 - Gabriel Monod, historian (born 1844)
- April 15 - In the wreck of the RMS Titanic
- April 20 - Bram Stoker, author (born 1847)
- May 5 - Rafael Pombo, Colombian mathematician and poet (born 1833)
- May 14 - August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist (born 1849)
- May 19 - Bolesław Prus, Polish novelist (born 1847)
- July 20 - Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist and critic (born 1844)
- July 24 - Addison Peale Russell, American essayist (born 1826)
- August 29 - Theodor Gomperz, Austrian philosopher (born 1832)
- September 9 - Berta Behrens, German novelist (born 1850)
- October 21 - Robert Barr, short story writer and novelist (born 1849)
- December 9 - Louis de Gramont, French journalist, dramatist and librettist (born 1855)
- date unknown
- Karl, Frederick R. (1997). A Reader's Guide to Joseph Conrad (Revised ed.). Syracuse University Press. p. 236. ISBN 0815604890.
- Worthen, John (2004). "Lawrence, David Herbert (1885–1930)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34435. Retrieved 2013-02-25. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Lord, Walter (1955). A Night to Remember. New York: Holt.
- "Virginia and Leonard Woolf marry". This Day in History. history.com. 1912-08-10. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- Higgins, Sydney (2009). "Harley Granville Barker (1877-1946)". The Golden Age of British Theatre (1880-1920). Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- Goldman, Emma (1914). The Social Significance of the Modern Drama. Boston: R. G. Badger. pp. 235–249. OCLC 16225452.
- Brown, Mark (2009-08-14). "Githa Sowerby, the forgotten playwright, returns to the stage". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- "Tyneside honours forgotten writer". BBC. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- Hodgson, Barbara (2009-09-17). "Author Is Brought Back to Life". The Journal (Newcastle upon Tyne). Retrieved 2013-02-25.