1912 in the United States
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|1912 in the United States|
|Years:||1909 1910 1911 – 1912 – 1913 1914 1915|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1912 in the United States.
- President: William Howard Taft (Republican)
- Vice President: James S. Sherman (Republican) (until October 30), vacant (starting October 30)
- Chief Justice: Edward Douglass White
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Champ Clark (D-Missouri)
- Congress: 62nd
- Governor of Alabama: Emmet O'Neal (Democratic)
- Governor of Arizona: Richard Elihu Sloan (Republican) (until February 14), George W. P. Hunt (Democratic) (starting February 14)
- Governor of Arkansas: George Washington Donaghey (Democratic)
- Governor of California: Hiram Johnson (Republican)
- Governor of Colorado: John F. Shafroth (Democratic)
- Governor of Connecticut: Simeon E. Baldwin (Democratic)
- Governor of Delaware: Simeon S. Pennewill (Republican)
- Governor of Florida: Albert W. Gilchrist (Democratic)
- Governor of Georgia: John M. Slaton (Democratic) (until January 25), Joseph M. Brown (Democratic) (starting January 25)
- Governor of Idaho: James H. Hawley (Democratic)
- Governor of Illinois: Charles S. Deneen (Republican)
- Governor of Indiana: Thomas R. Marshall (Democratic)
- Governor of Iowa: Beryl F. Carroll (Republican)
- Governor of Kansas: Walter R. Stubbs (Republican)
- Governor of Kentucky: James B. McCreary (Democratic)
- Governor of Louisiana: Jared Young Sanders, Sr. (Democratic) (until May 14), Luther Egbert Hall (Democratic) (starting May 14)
- Governor of Maine: Frederick W. Plaisted (Democratic)
- Governor of Maryland: Austin Lane Crothers (Democratic) (until January 10), Phillips Lee Goldsborough (Republican) (starting January 10)
- Governor of Massachusetts: Eugene Noble Foss (Democratic)
- Governor of Michigan: Chase Osborn (Republican)
- Governor of Minnesota: Adolph O. Eberhart (Republican)
- Governor of Mississippi: Edmond Noel (Democratic) (until January 16), Earl L. Brewer (Democratic) (starting January 16)
- Governor of Missouri: Herbert S. Hadley (Republican)
- Governor of Montana: Edwin L. Norris (Democratic)
- Governor of Nebraska: Chester H. Aldrich (Republican)
- Governor of Nevada: Tasker L. Oddie (Republican)
- Governor of New Hampshire: Robert P. Bass (Republican)
- Governor of New Jersey: Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
- Governor of New Mexico: William C. McDonald (Democratic) (starting January 6)
- Governor of New York: John Alden Dix (Democratic) (until December 31), vacant (starting December 31)
- Governor of North Carolina: William Walton Kitchin (Democratic)
- Governor of North Dakota: John Burke (Democratic)
- Governor of Ohio: Judson Harmon (Democratic)
- Governor of Oklahoma: Lee Cruce (Democratic)
- Governor of Oregon: Oswald West (Democratic)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: John K. Tener (Republican)
- Governor of Rhode Island: Aram J. Pothier (Republican)
- Governor of South Carolina: Coleman Livingston Blease (Democratic)
- Governor of South Dakota: Robert S. Vessey (Republican)
- Governor of Tennessee: Ben W. Hooper (Republican)
- Governor of Texas: Oscar Branch Colquitt (Democratic)
- Governor of Utah: William Spry (Republican)
- Governor of Vermont: John A. Mead (Republican) (until October 3), Allen M. Fletcher (Republican) (starting October 3)
- Governor of Virginia: William Hodges Mann (Democratic)
- Governor of Washington: Marion E. Hay (Republican)
- Governor of West Virginia: William E. Glasscock (Republican)
- Governor of Wisconsin: Francis E. McGovern (Republican)
- Governor of Wyoming: Joseph M. Carey (Democratic)
- February 14 – Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
- February 28 - Albert Berry makes the world's first parachute jump from an airplane
- March 12 – The Girl Scouts of the USA are founded.
- March 27 – Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry blossom trees to be planted in Washington, D.C., to symbolize the friendship between the two countries.
- April 10 – The British ocean liner RMS Titanic leaves Southampton, England on her maiden voyage for New York City.
- April 15 – RMS Titanic sinks at 2:20 am, taking with her the lives of more than 1,500 people.
- April 18 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia arrives in New York City with Titanic's 706 survivors.
- April 19 – The United States Senate initiates an official inquiry into the Titanic disaster, hastily issuing subpoenas for White Star personnel before they can return to the United Kingdom.
- April 20 – Tiger Stadium opens in Detroit.
- April 20 – Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox, opens.
- May 6 – Suffragettes and their supporters parade in New York City.
- May 18 – The Detroit Tigers go on strike to protest the suspension of Ty Cobb. A replacement team recruited from the coaching staff and local colleges is fielded to avoid a forfeiture to the Philadelphia A's in a lopsided loss.
- May 30 – Joe Dawson wins the second Indianapolis 500-Mile Race after Ralph DePalma's Mercedes breaks down within sight of the finish.
- June 5 – U.S. Marines land in Cuba.
- June 8 - Carl Laemmle founds Universal Studios
- June 6–June 8 – Mount Novarupta erupts in Alaska.
- June 18 – The Republican National Convention nominates incumbent President William Howard Taft in Chicago, defeating a challenge by former President Theodore Roosevelt, whose delegates bolt the convention.
- June 25 – The Democratic National Convention nominates New Jersey Gov. Thomas Woodrow Wilson in Baltimore.
- July 19 – A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing thousands of pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
- August 5 – Dissident U.S. Republicans form the Progressive Party, also known as the Bull Moose Party, and nominate former President Theodore Roosevelt as their presidential candidate.
- September 25 – The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City, New York.
- October 14 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former President Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech. After finishing his speech, he went to the hospital, where it was deduced that if he had not had his speech in his breast pocket when he was shot, he most likely would have died.
- October 16 – The Boston Red Sox, assisted by a famous error, defeat the New York Giants in extra innings to win the 1912 World Series, in what is considered one of the greatest games of baseball ever played.
- October 30 – Vice President James S. Sherman dies in office just days prior to the 1912 presidential election.
- November 5 – U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft's base is undercut by Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore Roosevelt, who finishes second, ahead of Taft.
- The American Little Theatre Movement begins with the founding of the Toy Theatre in Boston and the Little Theatre of Chicago.
- The Memphis Blues is published.
- U.S. Marines intervene in Nicaragua to bolster the conservative government.
- Sea Scouting begins under the aegis of the Boy Scouts of America.
- February 20 – Muriel Humphrey Brown, United States Senator from Minnesota in 1978. (died 1998)
- March 13 – Charles Schepens, ophthalmologist known as "the father of retinal surgery" and a Nazi resistance movement leader (died 2006)
- March 16 – Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993)
- December 10 – Philip Hart, United States Senator from Michigan from 1959 till 1976. (died 1976)
- December 22 – Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
- December 28 – James Allen, United States Senator from Alabama from 1969 till 1978. (died 1978)
|This section requires expansion. (August 2011)|
- June 26 – Anthony Higgins, United States Senator from Delaware from 1889 till 1895. (born 1840)
- July 29 – William D. Washburn, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1889 till 1895. (born 1831)
- September 18 – Hernando Money, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1897 till 1911. (born 1839)
- October 6 – William A. Peffer, United States Senator from Kansas from 1891 till 1897. (born 1831)
- Media related to 1912 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons