1913 Atlantic hurricane season

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1913 Atlantic hurricane season
Season summary map
First system formed June 21, 1913
Last system dissipated October 30, 1913
Strongest storm Four – 976 mbar (hPa) (28.83 inHg), 85 mph (140 km/h)
Total storms 6
Hurricanes 4
Total fatalities ≥5 total
Total damage At least $4 million (1913 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915

The 1913 Atlantic hurricane season was a relatively inactive Atlantic hurricane season during which six tropical cyclones formed, four of which became hurricanes. The first storm developed on June 22, and the last dissipated on October 30. The official start of the season is generally considered to be June 1 with the end being October 31. Due to increased activity over the following decades, the official end of the hurricane season was shifted to November 30.[1]

Timeline[edit]

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Storms[edit]

Hurricane One[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration June 21 – June 29
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

The first storm of the season was a Category 1 hurricane that struck Cancún, Mexico and Padre Island, Texas. The storm produced torrential rains which peaked in Montell, Texas as 20.6 in (523.24 m). At the time this was recorded, it was the highest 24 hour rainfall event recorded in Texas. The rains triggered damaging flooding which killed one person and damaging several buildings. Communications to the area were disrupted for several days following the storm.[2]

Tropical Storm Two[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 14 – August 16
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  <1008 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Two form in the open Atlantic and dissipated two days later.

Tropical Storm Three[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 26 – September 12
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  <995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Three formed near Africa on August 26. It took a long track through the Atlantic. The storm nearly became a hurricane. Tropical Storm Three dissipated on September 12.

Hurricane Four[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration August 30 – September 4
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

The fourth storm was a Category 1 that came ashore near Cape Lookout, North Carolina. The storm produced heavy rains amounting to 2–5 in (51–127 mm) and high winds, mainly along the coastline. Water levels along the coast rose in excess of 10 ft (3 m), causing significant flooding. In Farmville, North Carolina, a warehouse collapsed, killing two boys inside. Three other people were killed in the state. About a mile (1.6 km) of roadways and bridges were washed away by the storm. Crops sustained significant damage throughout the state. Total property losses were estimated at $4–5 million.[2]

Hurricane Five[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration October 6 – October 10
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

The fifth storm of the season was a hurricane that hit Charleston, South Carolina. Although the storm had been a hurricane at landfall, the highest recorded winds were 37 mph (60 km/h). Heavy rains, peaking at 4.88 in (123.95 mm), were recorded along the coast of South Carolina. Little or no damage was reported as a result of the storm.[2]

Hurricane Six[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration October 28 – October 30
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  <992 mbar (hPa)

This storm form north of Honduras and east of the Yucatan Peninsula on October 28. The storm made landfall in Cuba and dissipated on October 30.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neal Dorst (1993). "When is hurricane season ?". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c B. Bunnemeyer (1914). "Monthly Weather Review for 1913" (PDF). Retrieved March 11, 2009. 

External links[edit]