1913 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1913.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Leucotermes robustus[2]

sp. nov

Synonym

von Rosen

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

A Stylotermitid termite. synonym of Parastylotermes robustus

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[4] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[5]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Aggiosaurus[6]

Misidentification

  • Ambayrac

A misidentified metriorhynchid.

Elopteryx[7]

Nomen dubium

  • Andrews

Probable a misidentified bird, but may be a troodontid dinosaur.

Hypacrosaurus[8] Valid taxon
Procompsognathus[9] Valid taxon

Pterospondylus[10]

Disputed.

  • Jaekel

Possible junior synonym of Procompsognathus.

Styracosaurus[11]

Valid taxon

Thescelosaurus[12] Valid taxon

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Leurospondylus

Valid

Brown

Ogmodirus

Valid

Williston Moodie

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Diictodon

Valid

Eocyclops

Valid

Ictidorhinus

Valid

Scylacops

Valid

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Emerson, A.E. (1971). "Tertiary fossil species of the Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera), phylogeny of genera, and reciprocal phylogeny of associated Flagellata (Protozoa) and the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 146 (3): 243–304. 
  3. ^ "Previous Work," Trexler (2001); page 300.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  6. ^ Ambayrac, M. 1913. Une machoire de grand Reptile du Jurasique supérieur (Oxfordien). [journal title unknown]: pp. 97-98.
  7. ^ Andrews, C.W. 1913. On the skull and part of the skeleton of a crocodile from the Middle Purbeck of Swanage, with a description of a new species (Pholidosaurus laevis), and a note on the skull of Hylaeochampsa. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 8 (11): pp. 485-494.
  8. ^ Brown, B. 1913. A new trachodont dinosaur, Hypacrosaurus. from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta. Bull. Am. Nat. Hist. 32: pp. 395-406.
  9. ^ Fraas, E. 1913. Die neuesten Dinosaurierfunde in der schwabischen Trias. Naturwissenschaften 45: pp. 1097-1100.
  10. ^ Jaekel, O. 1913/1914. Uber die Wirbeltierfunde in der oberen Trias von Halberstadt. Palaontologische Zeitschrift 1: pp. 155-215.
  11. ^ Lambe, L. M. 1913. A new genus and species of Ceratopsia from the Belly River Formation of Alberta. The Ottawa Naturalist 27 (9): pp. 109- 116.
  12. ^ Gilmore, C.W. 1913. A new dinosaur from the Lance Formation of Wyoming. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 61: pp. 1-5.

References[edit]

  • Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.