|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s – 1910s – 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1911 1912 1913 – 1914 – 1915 1916 1917|
|1914 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2667|
|British Regnal year||3 Geo. 5 – 4 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4610 or 4550
— to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
4611 or 4551
|- Vikram Samvat||1970–1971|
|- Shaka Samvat||1836–1837|
|- Kali Yuga||5015–5016|
|Japanese calendar||Taishō 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 3
|Thai solar calendar||2457|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1914.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: 1914|
Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) in the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday in the Julian calendar. It was the year that saw the beginning of what became known as World War I.
- January 1 – British colonies of Northern and Southern protectorates of Nigeria are merged to form one country The new country is named "Nigeria" by Flora, Lady Lugard, wife of the governor, Sir Frederick Lugard.
- January 9 – The Phi Beta Sigma fraternity is founded by African American students at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
- January 11 – The Sakurajima volcano in Japan begins to erupt, becoming effusive after a very large earthquake on January 13. The lava flows cause the island which it formed to be linked to the Ōsumi Peninsula.
- February 2 – Charlie Chaplin makes his film début in the comedy short Making a Living.
- February 7 – Release of Charlie Chaplin's second film, the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice, in which his character of The Tramp is introduced to audiences (although first filmed in Mabel's Strange Predicament, released two days later).
- February 8 – The Luxembourg national football team has its first victory, beating France 5–4 in a friendly match, for the first and only time in football history.
- February 10 – Release of the film Hearts Adrift; the name of Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees.
- February 13 – Copyright: In New York City ASCAP, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
- February 26 – The ocean liner that will become HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at the Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast.
- February 28 – Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus proclaimed by ethnic Greeks in Northern Epirus.
- March 1 – The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
- March 6 – Founding of FK Vojvodina football club in Novi Sad (Serbia)
- March 7 – Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
- March 10 – Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez' painting Rokeby Venus in London's National Gallery with a meat chopper.
- March 16 – Henriette Caillaux, wife of French minister Joseph Caillaux, murders Gaston Calmette, editor of Le Figaro, fearing publication of letters showing she and Caillaux were romantically involved during his first marriage. (She is later acquitted).
- March 27 – Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin makes the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using anticoagulants.
- March 29 – Katherine Routledge and her husband arrive in Easter Island to make the first true study of it (they depart August 1915)
- April 9 – The Tampico Affair later results in the occupation of the Mexican port city of Veracruz for over 6 months.
- April 11
- April 14–April 18 – First International Criminal Police Congress held in Monaco. 24 countries are represented including some from Asia, Europe, and the Americas; the Dean of the Paris Law School is president.
- April 20 – Colorado coalfield Massacre or Ludlow Massacre: The Colorado National Guard attacks a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners in Ludlow, Colorado.
- April 20 – President Woodrow Wilson asks congress to use military force in Mexico in reaction to the Tampico Incident.
- April 21 – 2,300 U.S. Sailors and Marines from the South Atlantic fleet land in Vera Cruz, Mexico.
- April 22 – Mexico, for the time being ends diplomatic relations with the United States.
- May 9 – J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3,000 first-class wickets.
- May 14 – Woodrow Wilson signs a Mother's Day proclamation.
- May 17 – Protocol of Corfu provides for the provinces of Korçë and Gjirokastër, constituting Northern Epirus, to be granted autonomy under the nominal sovereignty of Albania.
- May 25 – The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule.
- May 29 – The ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,012 lives are lost.
- May 30 – The ocean liner RMS Aquitania makes her maiden voyage.
- June 1 – Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
- June 9 – Pittsburgh Pirate Honus Wagner becomes the first baseball player with 3000 career hits.
- June 18 – Mexican Revolution: The Constitutionals take San Luis Potosí; Venustiano Carranza demands Victoriano Huerta's surrender.
- June 23 – After it had been closed so that it could be deepened, the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal is reopened by the Kaiser; the British Fleet under Sir George Warrender visits; the Kaiser inspects the Dreadnought HMS King George V (1911).
- June 24 – In Manchester, New Hampshire, a downtown fire causes $400,000 damage and injures 19 firemen.
- June 28 – Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria: Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Duchess Sophie, in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- June 29
- Austria-Hungary: The Secretary of the Legation at Belgrade sends a dispatch to Vienna suggesting Serbian complicity in the crime of Sarajevo. Anti-Serb riots erupt in Sarajevo and throughout Bosnia generally.
- Chionya Gusyeva attempts and fails to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
- June 30 – Among those addressing the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the murdered Archduke are Lords Crewe and Lansdowne in the House of Lords and Messrs Asquith and Law in the Commons.
- July 2 – The German Kaiser announces that he will not attend the Archduke's funeral.
- July 4 – The Archduke's funeral takes place at Artstetten (50 miles west of Vienna), Austria-Hungary.
- July 5 – A council is held at Potsdam, powerful leaders within Austria-Hungary and Germany meet to discuss possibilities of war with Serbia, Russia, and France.
- July 7 – Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, the Chief of the General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief; the Council lasts from 11.30 a.m. to 6.15 p.m.
- July 9 – The Emperor of Austria-Hungary receives the report of Austro-Hungarian investigation into the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Sarajevo. The Times publishes an account of the Austro-Hungarian press campaign against the Serbians (who are described as "pestilent rats").
- July 10 – Mr. Hartwig, Russian Minister to Serbia, dies suddenly at the Austrian Legation in Belgrade.
- July 11 – Baseball legend Babe Ruth makes his major league debut with the Red Sox.
- July 12 – U.S. Supreme Court justice Horace H. Lurton succumbs to a heart attack at age 70.
- July 13 – Reports surface of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade.
- July 14 – The Government of Ireland Bill completes its passage through the House of Lords of the U.K. It allows Ulster counties to vote on whether or not they wish to participate in Home Rule from Dublin.
- July 15 – Mexican Revolution: Victoriano Huerta resigns the presidency of Mexico and leaves for Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz.
- July 18
- July 19 – King George V of the United Kingdom summons a conference to discuss the Irish Home Rule problem. This meets from July 21 to 24 without reaching consensus.
- July 23 – Austria-Hungary presents Serbia with an unconditional ultimatum.
- July 25 – Austria-Hungary severs diplomatic ties with Serbia and begins to mobilize its own forces.
- July 27 – Brother Felix Ysagun Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) with the government of the Philippine islands.
- July 28
- July 29 – In Massachusetts, the new Cape Cod Canal opens; it shortens the trip between New York and Boston by 66 miles, but also turns Cape Cod into an island.
- July 31 – Russia orders full mobilization.
- August 1
- The German Empire declares war on the Russian Empire, following Russia's military mobilization in support of Serbia; Germany also begins mobilization.
- France orders general mobilization.
- New York Stock Exchange closed due to war in Europe, where nearly all stock exchanges are already closed.
- Marcus Garvey founds the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Jamaica.
- August 2
- August 3
- August 4 – German troops invade Belgium at 8:02 am (local time). Declaration of war by the United Kingdom on Germany for this violation of Belgian neutrality. This effectively means a declaration of war by the whole British Empire against the German Empire. The United States declares neutrality.
- August 5
- The Kingdom of Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.
- Germany declares war on Belgium.
- The guns of Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria (Australia) fire across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer SS Pfalz which is attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war and she is detained; this is said to be the first Allied shot of the War.
- SS Königin Luise (1913), taken over two days earlier by the Imperial German Navy as a minelayer, lays mines 40 miles (64 km) off the east coast of England. She is intercepted and sunk by the British Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Amphion (1911), the first German naval loss of the war. The following day, Amphion strikes mines laid by the Königin Luise and is sunk with some loss of life, the first British casualties of the war.
- German zeppelins drop bombs on Liége in Belgium, killing 9 civilians.
- First electric traffic light is installed between Euclid Avenue and East 105 Street, Cleveland, Ohio.
- August 5–August 16 – Battle of Liège: The German Army overruns and defeats the Belgians.
- August 6 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.
- August 7 – British colonial troops of the British Gold Coast Regiment entering the German West African colony of Togoland encounter the German-led police force at a factory in Nuatja, near Lomé, and the police open fire on the patrol. Alhaji Grunshi returns fire, the first soldier in British service to fire a shot in the war.
- August 8
- August 12 – Battle of Haelen: Belgian troops repulse the Germans.
- August 15
- August 15–August 24 – Battle of Cer: Serbian troops defeat the Austro-Hungarian army, marking the first Entente victory of World War I.
- August 17–September 2 – World War I: The Battle of Tannenberg begins between German and Russian forces.
- August 20 – World War I: German forces occupy Brussels.
- August 23 – World War I:
- August 26
- The German West African colony of Togoland surrenders to Britain and France.
- August 26–August 27 – Battle of Le Cateau: British, French and Belgian forces make a successful tactical retreat from the German advance.
- August 26–August 30 – The Russian Second Army is surrounded and defeated in the Battle of Tannenberg.
- August 28 – Battle of Heligoland Bight: British cruisers under Admiral Beatty sink 3 German cruisers.
- August 29–August 30 – The Battle of St. Quentin: French forces hold back the German advance.
- September 1
- September 2 – Moronvilliers is occupied by the Germans.
- September 3 – Pope Benedict XV (Giacomo della Chiesa) succeeds Pope Pius X as the 258th pope.
- William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just 6 months due to opposition to his rule.
- September 4
- September 5 – World War I: First Battle of the Marne: Northeast of Paris, the French 6th Army under General Maunoury attacks German forces nearing Paris. Over 2 million fight (500,000 killed/wounded) in the Allied victory. A French and British counterattack at the Marne ends the German advance on Paris.
- September 7 – World War I: Turkey declares war on Belgium
- September 8 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate became the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the Great War.
- September 13 – South African troops open hostilities in German South-West Africa (today Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
- September 17 – Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
- September 26 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
- September 28 – The First Battle of the Aisne ends indecisively.
- September 30 – The Flying Squadron is established to promote the temperance movement.
- October 3 – World War I: 25,000 Canadian troops depart for Europe.
- October 9 – World War I: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
- October 27
- October 28
- World War I: Battle of Penang, Malaya: The German cruiser Emden sinks a Russian cruiser and French destroyer before escaping.
- Sentencing of participants in the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Sarajevo. Gavrilo Princip, being under 20 at the date of the assassination, cannot be given a death sentence and is given twenty years imprisonment.
- October 29 – World War I: Ottoman warships shell Russian Black Sea ports; Russia, France, and Britain declare war on November 1–November 5.
- November 1 – World War I: Battle of Coronel: A Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock is met and defeated by superior German forces led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee, in the first British naval defeat of the war, resulting in the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.
- November 5 – Britain and France declare war on Turkey.
- November 5 – Alpha Phi Delta Fraternity, was founded at Syracuse University.
- November 5 – The United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, and together with France declares war on the Ottoman Empire. Britain continues to occupy Cyprus until 1959/1960.
- November 7 – Siege of Tsingtao: The Japanese and British seize Jiaozhou Bay in China, the base of the German East Asia Squadron.
- November 9 – World War I – Battle of Cocos: The German cruiser Emden is sunk by the Australian cruiser Sydney.
- November 16 – A year after being created by passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens for business.
- November 21 – In New Haven CT, the new Yale Bowl officially opens; Harvard defeats Yale 36-0 in the first football game held here.
- November 23 – U.S. troops withdraw from Veracruz. Venustiano Carranza's troops take over and Carranza makes the town his headquarters.
- November 24 – Benito Mussolini is expelled from the Italian Socialist Party.
- November 28 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
- December 2 – Austrian-Hungarian forces occupy Belgrade, Serbia.
- December 8 – Battle of the Falkland Islands, between Doveton Sturdee and Maximilian von Spee squadrons.
- December 12 – The New York Stock Exchange re-opened, having been closed since 1 Aug 1914 except for bond trading.
- December 15 – A gas explosion at the Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine, Kyūshū, Japan, kills 687 (the worst coal mine disaster in Japanese history).
- December 17 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act (initially introduced by Francis Burton Harrison).
- December 18 – Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
- December 19 – The Battle of Kolubara ends, resulting in a decisive Serbian victory over Austria-Hungary.
- December 24 – World War I:
- China declares its neutrality in World War I.
- Oxymorphone, a powerful narcotic analgesic closely related to morphine is first developed in Germany.
- The first everyday items made of stainless steel come into public circulation.
- Blaise Diagne of Senegal becomes the first black African representative in the French parliament.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returns to India from South Africa to spearhead the Indian independence movement.
- The capital of the Guangxi Province of China is moved from Guilin to Nanning.
- The Port of Orange, Texas, is dredged for the fabrication of vessels for the United States Navy.
- The United States Power Squadrons is formed.
- Phi Sigma, a local undergraduate classical club, is founded by a group of students in the Greek Department at the University of Chicago.
- Fashion and perfumes company Puig is founded in Barcelona.
- Henry Ford sells 248,000 cars.
- January 1 – Noor Inayat Khan, World War II heroine (d. 1944)
- January 2 – Violet Stuart Mann (aka Vivian Stuart, Alex Stuart, Barbara Allen, Fiona Finlay, V.A. Stuart, William Stuart Long, Robyn Stuart), British writer (d. 1986)
- January 4
- January 5 – George Reeves, American actor (Superman) (d. 1959)
- January 12 – Albrecht von Goertz, German car designer (d. 2006)
- January 13 – Ted Willis, British television dramatist and author (d. 1992)
- January 14 – Harold Russell, Canadian actor (d. 2002)
- January 15 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (d. 2003)
- January 17
- January 18 – Arno Schmidt, German author (d. 1979)
- January 22 – Syd Hartley, English professional association football player (d. 1987)
- January 26 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
- January 30
- January 31
- February 1 – George Nissen, American gymnast and inventor of the trampoline (d. 2010)
- February 4 – Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980)
- February 5
- February 6 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005)
- February 9
- February 11 – Matt Dennis, American singer and songwriter (d. 2002)
- February 12 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader (d. 2000)
- February 15 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor (d. 2010)
- February 16 – Jimmy Wakely, American country-western singer and actor (d. 1982)
- February 19 – Jacques Dufilho, French comedian and actor (d. 2005)
- February 20 – Peter Rogers, British film producer (d. 2009)
- February 22 – Renato Dulbecco, Italian-born virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2012)
- February 23 – Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
- February 24 – Zachary Scott, American actor (d. 1965)
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4
- March 6 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
- March 8 – Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
- March 13 – Edward "Butch" O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
- March 14
- March 17 – Sammy Baugh, American football player (d. 2008)
- March 19
- March 25 – Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2009)
- March 26 – William Westmoreland, American Vietnam War general (d. 2005)
- March 27 – Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter (d. 2009)
- March 28 – Edmund Muskie, American politician (d. 1996)
- March 30 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948)
- March 31 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
- April 2
- April 3 – Sam Manekshaw, Field Marshal of Indian Army (d. 2008)
- April 4 – Marguerite Duras, French author and director (d. 1996)
- April 8
- April 9 – Nouhak Phoumsavanh, President of Laos (d. 2008)
- April 11 – Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2003)
- April 12
- April 13 – Orhan Veli, Turkish poet (d. 1950)
- April 21 – James Henry Quello, American Federal Communications Commissioner (d. 2010)
- April 22
- April 26
- April 28 – Michel Mohrt, French author and historian (d. 2011)
- April 30 – Dorival Caymmi, Brazilian songwriter (d. 2008)
- May 3 – Martín de Riquer, Spanish writer and Romantic scholar (d. 2013)
- May 8 – Romain Gary, Russian-born writer and diplomat (d. 1980)
- May 9 – Hank Snow, Canadian country musician (d. 1999)
- May 12
- May 13
- May 14
- May 16 – Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist (d. 2009)
- May 18
- May 19
- May 20 – Avraham Shapira, head of the Rabbinical court of Jerusalem and the Supreme Rabbinic Court; rosh yeshiva of Mercaz HaRav (d. 2007)
- May 22
- May 24
- May 26 – Frankie Manning, American choreographer and dancer (d. 2009)
- May 28 – W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996)
- May 31 – Akira Ifukube, Japanese classical music/film composer (d. 2006)
- June 11 – Trammell Crow, American developer (d. 2009)
- June 15
- June 18 – E. G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
- June 19 – Alan Cranston, U.S. Senator (d. 2000)
- June 21 – William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
- June 24 – Frances Oldham Kelsey, American Food and Drug Administration reviewer
- June 26 – Doc Williams, American musician (d. 2011)
- June 29 – Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born conductor (d. 1996)
- June 30 – Bill Monti, Australian rugby union player (d. 1977)
- July 2
- July 5 – Gerda Gilboe, Danish actress (d. 2009)
- July 6 – Vincent J. McMahon, professional wrestling promoter (d. 1988)
- July 8
- July 10
- July 11 – Aníbal Troilo, Argentine tango musician (d. 1975)
- July 14 – George Putnam, American reporter and talk show host (d. 2008)
- July 15
- July 19
- July 20
- July 23 – Virgil Finlay, American artist (d. 1971)
- July 24 – Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2007)
- July 25 – Lionel Van Deerlin, American politician (d. 2008)
- July 27 – Gusti Huber, Austrian actress (d. 1993)
- July 29 – Irwin Corey, American actor and comic
- July 30 – Lord Killanin, Irish president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999)
- August 2 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
- August 5 – Parley Baer, American actor (d. 2002)
- August 9
- August 10
- August 11 – Hugh Martin, American composer (d. 2011)
- August 15 – Paul Rand, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
- August 17
- August 26 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
- August 27 – Heidi Kabel, German actress (d. 2010)
- August 30 – Julie Bishop, American actress (d. 2001)
- September 2 – Lord George-Brown, British politician (d. 1985)
- September 5
- September 7 – James Van Allen, American physicist (d. 2006)
- September 10 – Robert Wise, American film producer (d. 2005)
- September 11 – Pavle, Patriarch of Serbia, leader of the Serbian Orthodox Church (d. 2009)
- September 12
- September 13 – Ralph Rapson, American architect (d. 2008)
- September 14
- September 15
- September 16 – Allen Funt, American television show host (Candid Camera) (d. 1999)
- September 17 – Thomas J. Bata, Czech-born businessman (d. 2008)
- September 18 – Jack Cardiff, British cinematographer, director, and photographer (d. 2009)
- September 20
- September 21 – Bob Lido, American singer and musician (d. 2000)
- September 23
- September 24 – Andrzej Panufnik, Polish-born British musician and composer (d. 1991)
- September 26 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert (d. 2011)
- October 1 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
- October 2 – Jack Parsons, American rocket engineer (d. 1952)
- October 4 – Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)
- October 6 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002)
- October 8 – Henry C. Pearson, American abstract and modernist painter (d. 2006)
- October 10 – Tommy Fine, baseball player (d. 2005)
- October 14
- October 16 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
- October 17 – Jerry Siegel, American comic book author (d. 1996)
- October 21 – Martin Gardner, American writer (d. 2010)
- October 25
- October 26 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
- October 27 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (d. 1953)
- October 28
- October 30 – Anna Wing, English actress (EastEnders) (d. 2013)
- November 1 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006)
- November 2 – Johnny Vander Meer, baseball player (d. 1997)
- November 5 – Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
- November 6
- November 8
- November 9 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
- November 10 – Tod Andrews, American actor (d. 1972)
- November 11 – Howard Fast, American novelist and television writer (d. 2003)
- November 13 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005)
- November 20 – Charles Berlitz, American author (d. 2003)
- November 23
- November 25 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 1999)
- December 2
- December 7 – Alberto Castillo, Argentine tango singer and actor (d. 2002)
- December 10 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress and singer (d. 1996)
- December 12 – Patrick O'Brian, British novelist (d. 2000)
- December 14 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003)
- December 15 – Anatole Abragam, French physicist (d. 2011)
- December 19 – Dietrich Hrabak, German World War II flying ace (d. 1995)
- December 20 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., American politician (d. 2013)
- December 24 – Herbert Reinecker, German writer (d. 2007)
- December 25 – Abelardo Raidi, Venezuelan sportswriter and radio broadcaster (d. 2002)
- December 26 – Richard Widmark, American actor (d. 2008)
- December 28 – Bidia Dandaron, Buddhist author and teacher in the USSR (d. 1974)
- December 29 – Billy Tipton, American musician (d. 1989)
- December 30 – Bert Parks, American singer and actor (Miss America Pageant) (d. 1992)
- Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese/Tibetan mountaineer (d. 1986)
- Clint C. Wilson, Sr. - American cartoonist (d. 2005)
- January 8 – Simon Bolivar Buckner, American soldier and politician and Confederate soldier (b. 1823)
- January 11 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts (b. 1842)
- January 13 – Valentin Zubiaurre, Spanish composer and professor of the Madrid Royal Conservatory (b. 1837)
- January 16 – Ito Sukeyuki, Japanese admiral (b. 1843)
- January 18 – Georges Picquart, French general and politician (b. 1854)
- January 20 – Federico Degetau, Puerto Rican politician (b. 1862)
- February 24 – Joshua Chamberlain, American Civil War general (b. 1828)
- February 25 – John Tenniel, English illustrator (b. 1820)
- March 1 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)
- March 6 – George Washington Vanderbilt II, American businessman (b. 1862)
- March 12 – George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur (b. 1846)
- March 16 – Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
- March 19 – Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
- March 25 – Frédéric Mistral, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
- April 1
- April 2 – Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
- April 7 – Mohammad Ayyub Khan, former Emir of Afghanistan (b. 1855)
- April 19 – Empress Shōken, empress-consort of the Meiji Emperor (b. 1849)
- April 26 – Eduard Suess, Austrian geologist (b. 1831)
- May 2 – John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, husband of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom (b. 1845)
- May 8 – Seth Edulji Dinshaw, Pakistani philanthropist
- May 23 – Gustav Hamel, pioneer aviator, carried first airlmail (b. 1889)
- May 26 – Jacob Riis, Danish-American social reformer (b. 1849)
- June 11 – Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
- June 14 – Adlai E. Stevenson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1835)
- June 15 – John Robert Sitlington Sterrett, American classical scholar and archeologist (b. 1851)
- June 21 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
- June 28
- July 2 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (b. 1836)
- July 17 – Luis Uribe, Chilean naval hero (b. 1847)
- July 31 – Jean Jaurès, French pacifist (assassinated) (b. 1859)
- August 4 – Hubertine Auclert, French feminist (b. 1848)
- August 6 – Ellen Louise Wilson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1860)
- August 8
- August 12 – John Philip Holland, Irish developer of the submarine (b. 1840)
- August 20 – Pope Pius X (b. 1835)
- August 30 – Aleksander Samsonov, Russian general (suicide) (b. 1859)
- September 3 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865)
- September 8 – Hans Leybold, German nihilist poet (b. 1892)
- September 11 – Ismail Gasprinski, Crimean Tatar intellectual (b. 1851)
- September 22 – Alain-Fournier, French writer (b. 1886)
- September 26 – August Macke, German painter (b. 1887)
- September 28 – Richard Warren Sears, American founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company (b. 1863)
- October 1 – Kitty Lange Kielland, Norwegian painter (b. 1843)
- October 10 – King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
- November 1 – Christopher Cradock, British admiral (killed in action) (b. 1862)
- November 2 – Heinrich Burkhardt, German mathematician (b. 1861)
- November 3 – Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (b. 1887)
- November 11 – A. E. J. Collins, British cricketer and soldier (b. 1885)
- November 12 – Augusto dos Anjos, Brazilian poet (b. 1884)
- November 14 – Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar, British field marshal (b. 1832)
- November 19 – Robert Jones Burdette, American minister and sentimental humorist (b. 1844)
- November 21 – Thaddeus C. Pound, American businessman and politician (b. 1833)
- December 1 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, United States Navy admiral and American geostrategist and historian (b. 1840)
- December 8 – Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (killed in action) (b. 1861)
- December 24 – John Muir, American naturalist (b. 1838)
- Physics – Max von Laue
- Chemistry- Theodore William Richards
- Medicine – Robert Bárány
- Literature – not awarded
- Peace – not awarded
- Blanke, David (2002). The 1910s. American popular culture through history (Illustrated ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-313-31251-9.
- Robinson, David (1986 [First published 1985]). Chaplin: His Life and Art. London: Paladin. p. 113. ISBN 0-586-08544-0.
- Chaplin, Charles (2003 [First published 1964]). My Autobiography. London: Penguin Classics. p. 145. ISBN 0-141-01147-5.
- "The First Shot of World War I". Coastal Defences of Colonial Victoria. 1997. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "The Gold Coast Mobilized, A Proud Record: The case of Sergeant Grunshi". The Times (48572). 1940-03-25. p. 7.
- Thompson, J. Lee (2007). Forgotten Patriot: a life of Alfred, Viscount Milner of St. James's and Cape Town, 1854-1925. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 311. ISBN 0-8386-4121-0.
- "Egypt: a constitution". Time. 1923-04-28. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- "Rugby Union Footballers are Doing their Duty. Over 90% Have Enlisted. British Athletes! Will You Follow this Glorious Example?". World Digital Library. 1915. Retrieved 2013-10-27.