Obverse of the medal and ribbon.
|Awarded by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|
|Eligibility||British and Imperial forces.|
|Awarded for||Campaign service.|
|Campaign||First World War 1914–15.|
|Description||Bronze four-pointed star|
British War Medal
Territorial Force War Medal
Colour version of medal and ribbon.
The 1914–15 Star was a campaign medal of the British Empire, for service in World War I. The period allowed for eligibility was prior to the introduction of the Military Service Act 1916, which instituted conscription in Britain.
The 1914–15 Star was approved in 1918, for issue to officers and men of British and Imperial forces who served in any theatre of the War between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915 (other than those who had already qualified for the 1914 Star).
Recipients of this medal also received the British War Medal and Victory Medal – it was never awarded singly. These three medals were sometimes irreverently referred to as Pip, Squeak and Wilfred with Pip representing either this medal or the 1914 Star, only one of which could be awarded to a soldier; Squeak represented the British War Medal; and Wilfred represented the Victory Medal.
Some 2,366,000 were issued, including:
- 283,500 to the Royal Navy.
- 71,150 to Canadians
- The medal is a four pointed star of bright bronze, ensigned with a crown, with a height of 50mm, and a maximum width of 45mm.
- The obverse has two crossed gladii (swords) with blades upwards and a wreath of oak leaves, with the Royal Cypher of King George V at foot and an overlaying central scroll inscribed "1914–15".
- The reverse is plain with the recipient's number, rank and name
- The ribbon has the red white and blue colours of the Empire, in shaded and watered stripes. The same ribbon is used for the 1914 Star
- Excluding service which qualified for award of the Africa General Service Medal or the Khedive's Sudan Medal 1910, British Battles and Medals, p227
- "Pip, Squeak and Wilfred". First World War.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
- "Pip, Squeak and Wilfred". The Long, Long Trail. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
- British Battles and Medals, p227
- 1914 Star
- World War One - Medal Abbreviations
- Australian campaign medals
- New Zealand campaign medals
- Veterans Affairs Canada
- Royal Dublin Fusiliers
- Australian Defence Force campaign medal site
- NZDF medal site
- Search over 5 million campaign medal cards on The UK National Archives' website.
- "The King's Own Royal Regiment Museum, (Lancaster), 1914–15 Star". www.kingsownmuseum.plus.com. Retrieved 2 December 2007.
- Award Productions – 1914–15 Full Size Medal
- Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) – Medals Yearbook – 2006, (2005), Token Publishing.
- Joslin, Litherland, and Simpkin (eds), British Battles and Medals, (1988), Spink