1914 Burdur earthquake

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1914 Burdur earthquake
1914 Burdur earthquake is located in Turkey
1914 Burdur earthquake
Date October 3, 1914 (1914-10-03)
Magnitude 7.0 Ms [1]
Epicenter 37°49′N 30°16′E / 37.82°N 30.27°E / 37.82; 30.27Coordinates: 37°49′N 30°16′E / 37.82°N 30.27°E / 37.82; 30.27
Areas affected Turkey
Max. intensity IX [2]
Casualties 2,344 [3]

The 1914 Burdur earthquake occurred at 00:07 local time (22:07 UTC) on 4 October. It was estimated to be 7.0 on the surface wave magnitude scale with a maximum intensity of IX on the Mercalli intensity scale. It was centered near Lake Burdur in southwestern Turkey and the mainshock and subsequent fire destroyed more than 17,000 homes,[1] and caused 2,344 casualties.

In Burdur nearly 100 percent of the homes were destroyed along with other significant and historical monuments. Kilinc was completely destroyed and in Keciborlu around 85 percent of the houses were lost. In the city of Isparta the great Mosque was destroyed along with more than half of the homes. Other villages were also impacted as far as 60 kilometers (37 mi) from the epicenter.[1]

The earthquake, along with several others in 1959 and 1971, occurred along the Fethiye-Burdur fault zone, a parallel and discontinuous series of fault segments.[4] No unambiguous fault displacement has been found that is related to the event, but a 23 km (14 mi) portion of the southeast coast of Lake Burdur experienced subsidence of up to 150 centimeters (59 in) and this may indicate that the event was due to normal faulting with a strike of N45°E.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Boğaziçi Üniversitesi. "Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute National Earthquake Monitoring Center (NEMC) List of earthquakes 1900-2004(Büyük Depremler)" (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Ozer, N. (2006). "New information on earthquake history of the Aksehir-Afyon Graben System, Turkey, since the second half of 18th century". Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (European Geosciences Union) 6: 1020. doi:10.5194/nhess-6-1017-2006. 
  4. ^ Yagmurlu, Fuzuli; Özgür, Nevzat; Pavlides, Spiros; Chatzipetros, Alexandros; Kamaci, Züheyr; Pinar, Ali; Görmüş, Muhittin; Senturk, Murat; Sener, Erhan; Uysal, Kubilay (2008). "Seismotectonic features of Aegean-Peloponnisos plate and the position of the Fethiye-Burdur Fault Zone, SW Turkey". Süleyman Demirel University. Retrieved July 28, 2012.