1914 in New Zealand
New Zealand showed no hesitation in emulating Britain's declaration of war on Germany and entering World War I. New Zealand troops became the first to occupy German territory when they took over Samoa in November.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Arts and literature
- 4 Appointments and awards
- 5 Sport
- 6 Births
- 7 Deaths
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Regal and viceregal
- Speaker of the House - Frederic Lang (Reform Party)
- Prime Minister — William Massey
- Minister of Finance - James Allen
Main centre leaders
- Mayor of Auckland - James Parr
- Mayor of Wellington - John Luke
- Mayor of Christchurch - Henry Holland
- Mayor of Dunedin - John Bradley Shacklock then James John Clark
- 17 January: Joseph Hammond is the first person to fly over Auckland city. He flies a Blériot monoplane (named Brittania) which has been donated to the New Zealand Government by the Imperial Air Fleet Committee, from Potter's Park (near One Tree Hill).
- 20 February: James William Humphrys Scotland makes the first substantial cross-country flight in New Zealand. He flies from Invercargill to Gore, a distance of 61 kilometres (38 mi), in 40 minutes in a Caudron biplane. He continues on to Dunedin, Timaru and Christchurch where he arrives on 6 March.
- 18 April: Auckland Exhibition closes,
- 4 August: New Zealand declares war on Germany.
- 29 August: 1374 New Zealand troops land in Samoa and are offered no resistance by German colonial forces. This is the second German territory (after Togoland) to be captured by the Allies.
- 25 September: The first attempt by the New Zealand Expeditionary Force to depart New Zealand for Europe is aborted due to concerns about the presence of German raiders.
- 16 October: The main body of the NZEF, some 8000 troops, finally departs New Zealand for Australia where they will join with the First AIF.
- 1 November: The 38 ships carrying the NZEF (10 ships) and the AIF (28 ships) leave Perth, Western Australia. Although expecting to sail to England they will receive orders to land in Egypt while crossing the Indian Ocean.
- Early December: The NZEF and AIF land in Egypt.
- 10 December: General Election.
Arts and literature
See: 1914 in music
- Hinemoa, the first feature film made in New Zealand, premieres at the Lyric Theatre, Auckland.
Appointments and awards
- Archbishop of New Zealand
- Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia, see appointments to Diocese
- The 27th National Chess Championship was held in Auckland, and was won by W.E. Mason of Wellington, his 5th title.
- The eighth New Zealand Open championship was won by E.S. Douglas (his second consecutive victory).
- The 22nd National Amateur Championships were held in Auckland 
- Men: Arthur Duncan (Wellington) - 8th title
- Women: Mrs G. Williams - 2nd title
- During the 1914 Great Britain Lions tour of Australia and New Zealand, the Kiwis lose to Great Britain 16 - 13 in Auckland
- Taranaki defend the Ranfurly Shield against Wanganui (17–3), Manawatu (11–3), Horowhenua (14–3), Wairarapa (22–3), Canterbury (6–5) and Southland (6–0) before losing to Wellington (6–12)
Provincial league champions:
- Auckland: Auckland Thistle
- Canterbury: Sydenham
- Hawke's Bay: Waipukurau
- Otago: Northern
- Southland: Rangers
- Wanganui: Eastbrooke
- Wellington: Wellington Corinthians
- Anthony Wilding, partnered with Norman Brookes wins the men's doubles at the Wimbledon Championship.
- The Davis Cup final is held in New York City. New Zealander Anthony Wilding and Australian Norman Brookes (playing as Australia rather than Australasia) beat the United States 3-2.
- 12 January –
- 22 January – Ron McLean, environmental campaigner.
- 1 February – James Gould, rower.
- 3 February – Felix Kelly, graphic designer, painter, illustrator.
- 19 February – Thelma Kench, athlete.
- 7 March – Dame Doreen Blumhardt, potter, arts educator.
- 11 March – Dan Riddiford, politician.
- 16 March – H. W. Gretton, poet, lyricist, diarist.
- 24 March – Nancy Borlase, painter and art critic.
- 27 March – Ces Burke, cricketer.
- 31 March – David Seath, politician.
- 2 April – Walter Whittlestone, dairy scientist, peace activist.
- 5 May – Lloyd Trigg, World War II pilot, Victoria Cross recipient
- 8 May –
- 2 June – Joseph Genet, wrestler.
- 3 June –
- 16 June – Theo de Lange, air force officer.
- 20 June – Pearl Savin, cricketer.
- 4 July – Ray Speed, association football player.
- 9 July – M. K. Joseph, poet and novelist.
- 28 July –
- 7 August – Alice Bush, doctor, family planning activist.
- 11 August – Donald Cobden, rugby union player, Battle of Britain pilot.
- 21 August – Billie Fulford, cricketer.
- 23 August – Jack Hemi, rugby union and rugby league player.
- 27 August – Gordon Christie, politician.
- 2 September – Ron Barclay, politician.
- 13 October – Cecil Matthews, athlete.
- 17 October – Leo Schultz, politician.
- 22 October – Pat Boot, athlete.
- 23 October – Donald Stott, soldier, military intelligence agent.
- 30 October – Pat Mackie, miner and trade unionist.
- 7 November – Doug Freeman, cricketer.
- 8 November – Guthrie Wilson, novelist and teacher.
- 9 November – Colin Gray, World War II fighter ace.
- 15 November – Jack Holloway, alpine explorer, forest ecologist.
- 18 November – Bill Phillips, economist.
- 4 December – Arthur Prior, logician and philosopher.
- 10 December – Reginald Delargey, Roman Catholic bishop.
- 21 December – Lankford Smith, association football player and cricketer.
- 22 December – Adrian Hayter, soldier, sailor, Antarctic leader, author.
- 25 December –
- 27 December – Hilda Buck, cricketer
- 28 December – Norman King, politician.
- 30 December – Ian Lythgoe, public servant.
- 10 January – Samuel Hodgkinson, politician (born 1817)
- 2 February – Alfred Burton, photographer (born c.1834)
- 8 February – Irving Sayles, vaudeville entertainer (born 1872)
- 25 February – John Scott, medical academic, artist (born 1851)
- 28 Feburary – Ann Boyce, herbalist (born 1827)
- 2 March – Mohi Tūrei, Ngāti Porou leader, Anglican minister, carver, haka composer (born c.1830)
- 20 March – Henry Goulstone, banker, magistrate (born 1836)
- 10 June – Carbine, thoroughbred racehorse (foaled 1885)
- 6 July – Charles Carter, Baptist missionary (born 1828)
- 21 July – John Blair Whyte, politician (born 1840)
- 30 July – Helen Gibb, farmer, accommodation-house keeper (born 1838)
- 16 August – Caroline Freeman, school teacher (born c.1856)
- 18 August – Thomas Young Duncan, politician (born 1836)
- 25 August –
- 2 September – John Carruthers, civil engineer, economic theorist (born 1836)
- 29 September – Thomas Fergus, politician (born 1850)
- 1 October – Richard Barcham Shalders, Baptist preacher, founder of YMCA in New Zealand (born 1824)
- 14 October – Walter Symes, politician (born 1852)
- 17 October – Kennedy Macdonald, politician (born 1847)
- 25 November – John Blair, businessman, politician, educational administrator (born 1843)
- 30 November – John Shand, university professor (born 1834)
- 21 December – William Montgomery, politician (born c.1821)
- 25 December – James Gow Black, chemist, mineralogist (born 1835)
- List of years in New Zealand
- Timeline of New Zealand history
- History of New Zealand
- Military history of New Zealand
- Timeline of the New Zealand environment
- Timeline of New Zealand's links with Antarctica
- Statistics New Zealand: New Zealand Official Yearbook, 1990. ISSN 0078-0170 page 52
- "Elections NZ - Leaders of the Opposition". Retrieved 6 April 2008.
- Joseph Hammond was the first New Zealander to gain a pilot's license in England.
- Auckland Airport
- Rendel, David (1975) Civil Aviation in New Zealand: An Illustrated History. Wellington. A.H. & A.W.Reed. ISBN 0-589-00905-2
- J. W. H. Scotland was the second New Zealander to gain a pilot's license in England.
- Te Ara: Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966 - Biography of James William Humphrys Scotland
- "OUTPOST: Welcome to Auckland". Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- New Zealand History online: Origins of the war - First World War overview
- New Zealand History Online: New Zealand goes to war: First World War overview
- New Zealand History online: Film - troops departing New Zealand, 1914 and 1915
- The Anzac Story: Chapter 1 - To Egypt
- Te Ara: Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966 - The New Zealand Expeditionary Force
- List of New Zealand Chess Champions
- "PGA European - Holden New Zealand Open". The Sports Network. 2005. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
- edited by A. H. McLintock (1966). "Mens' Golf - National Champions". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 13 February 2009.
- List of NZ Trotting cup winners
- Auckland Trotting cup at hrnz.co.nz
- "New Zealand: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 1999.
Media related to 1914 in New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons