1914 in literature
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The year 1914 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- February 2 – James Joyce's semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man commences serialization in The Egoist, a new London literary magazine founded by Dora Marsden.
- February 4 – A staging of George A. Birmingham's comedy General John Regan at Westport Town Hall in Ireland provokes a riot.
- February 10 – Thomas Hardy marries Florence Dugdale at St Andrew's, Enfield.
- April 11 – First English-language performance of George Bernard Shaw's comedy Pygmalion at His Majesty's Theatre in London starring Mrs. Patrick Campbell and Herbert Beerbohm Tree, famous for the Act III line "Not bloody likely!".
- June 24 – Edward Thomas makes the English railway journey which inspires his poem "Adlestrop" en route to meet Robert Frost; Thomas begins writing poetry for the first time after this summer.
- August 25 – The library of the Catholic University of Leuven is set on fire by German troops during the Rape of Belgium.
- September 2 – Charles Masterman invites 25 leading British authors to Wellington House in London to form a secret British War Propaganda Bureau. Those who attend include William Archer, Arnold Bennett, G. K. Chesterton, Arthur Conan Doyle, Ford Madox Ford, John Galsworthy, Thomas Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, John Masefield, Henry Newbolt, Gilbert Parker, G. M. Trevelyan and H. G. Wells. Kipling soon afterwards writes the poem "For all we have and are".
- September 9 – Hilaire Belloc is contracted to write regular articles on the War in the new British weekly Land and Water.
- September 21 – Laurence Binyon's poem For the Fallen, containing his Ode of Remembrance, is published in The Times (London).
- September 22
- French novelist Alain-Fournier (Lieutenant Henri-Alban Fournier), aged 27, is killed in action near Vaux-lès-Palameix (Meuse) a month after enlisting, leaving his second novel, Colombe Blanchet, unfinished; his body will not be identified until 1991.
- T. S. Eliot (at this time in England to study) meets fellow American poet Ezra Pound for the first time, in London.
- September 29 – Arthur Machen's short story The Bowmen, origin of the legend of the Angels of Mons, is published in The Evening News (London).
- October 2 – The date predicted by Charles Taze Russell, founder of the Watchtower Society (Jehovah's Witnesses), as the date for the "full end" of Babylon, or nominal Christianity, with statements such as: "True, it is expecting great things to claim, as we do, that within the coming twenty-six years all present governments will be overthrown and dissolved .... In view of this strong Bible evidence concerning the Times of the Gentiles, we consider it an established truth that the final end of the kingdoms of this world, and the full establishment of the Kingdom of God, will be accomplished at the end of A. D. 1914...."
- November 7 – The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published in the United States.
- November 16 – M. P. Shiel is convicted and imprisoned for "indecently assaulting and carnally knowing" his 12 year old de facto stepdaughter on October 26 in London.
- December 31 – T. S. Eliot writes to Conrad Aiken from Oxford (where he has a scholarship at Merton College), saying: "I hate university towns and university people, who are the same everywhere, with pregnant wives, sprawling children, many books and hideous pictures on the walls ... Oxford is very pretty, but I don't like to be dead."
- George Moore (novelist) publishes Vale, the final of his 3-volume autobiographical Hail and Farewell (first in 1911).
- Wilhelm Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky, who writes under the pen name "Guillaume Apollinaire", becomes a French citizen and enlists in the French Army to fight in World War I.
- L. Frank Baum – Tik-Tok of Oz
- (as "Edith Van Dyne") – Aunt Jane's Nieces Out West
- Rhoda Broughton – Concerning a Vow
- Edgar Rice Burroughs – Tarzan of the Apes (book publication)
- G. K. Chesterton – The Flying Inn
- Dikran Chökürian – Vanke (Վանքը, "The Monastery")
- Miguel de Unamuno
- Theodore Dreiser – The Titan
- James Elroy Flecker – The King of Alsander
- Anatole France – The Revolt of the Angels
- John MacDougall Hay – Gillespie
- James Joyce – Dubliners
- D. H. Lawrence – The Prussian Officer and Other Stories
- Stephen Leacock – Arcadian Adventures with the Idle Rich
- Sinclair Lewis – Our Mr. Wrenn
- Harold MacGrath – The Adventures of Kathlyn
- Compton Mackenzie – Sinister Street, vol. 2
- Natsume Sōseki – Kokoro
- Frank Norris – Vandover and the Brute
- Baroness Orczy
- Elsie J. Oxenham – Girls of the Hamlet Club, first in the Abbey Series
- Raymond Roussel – Locus Solus
- Berta Ruck – His Official Fiancée
- Saki – Beasts and Super-Beasts
- Carl Sandburg – Chicago
- Paul Scheerbart – The Gray Cloth
- Booth Tarkington – Penrod
- Robert Tressell (posthumous) – The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists
- Mary Augusta Ward – Delia Blanchflower
- H. G. Wells – The World Set Free
- Harry Leon Wilson – Ruggles of Red Gap
- P.G. Wodehouse – The Man Upstairs
- Lord Dunsany – Five Plays (publication)
- Harley Granville-Barker – Vote By Ballot
- John Howard Lawson – Atmosphere
- Terence MacSwiney – The Revolutionist (publication)
- Roi Cooper Megrue and Walter C. Hackett – It Pays to Advertise
- Elmer Rice – On Trial
- Horace Annesley Vachell – Quinneys
- Clive Bell – Art
- Hall Caine – King Albert's Book
- Henry James – Notes of a Son and Brother
- Paul Scheerbart – Glass Architecture
Main article: 1914 in poetry
- Robert Frost – North of Boston, including "Mending Wall"
- Ezra Pound (ed.) – Des Imagistes: An Anthology
- Ernst Stadler – Der Aufbruch
- Wallace Stevens – "Phases"
- January 8 – Norman Nicholson, English poet (died 1987)
- February 5 – William S. Burroughs, American author (died 1997)
- February 25 – Frank Bonham, American writer of westerns and young adult novels (died 1988)
- March 1 – Ralph Ellison, American scholar, writer (died 1994)
- March 27 – Budd Schulberg, American writer (died 2009)
- March 28 – Bohumil Hrabal, Czech poet and controversialist (died 1997)
- March 31 – Octavio Paz, 1990 Nobel Prize-winning Mexican author (died 1998)
- April 4 – Marguerite Duras, French writer (died 1996)
- April 26 – Bernard Malamud, American Jewish novelist (died 1986)
- May 6 – Randall Jarrell, American poet (died 1965)
- May 8 – Romain Gary, Lithuanian-born French novelist (died 1980)
- June 15 – Lena Kennedy, English novelist (died 1986)
- June 17 – Julián Marías, Spanish philosopher and author (died 2005)
- June 26 – Laurie Lee, English poet and novelist (died 1997)
- July 15
- August 9 – Tove Jansson, Finnish children's author (died 2001)
- August 20 – Colin MacInnes, English novelist (died 1976)
- August 26 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine author (died 1984)
- September 15 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine author (died 1999)
- October 6 – Joan Littlewood, English theatrical director (died 2002)
- October 26 – John Masters, British Raj novelist (died 1983)
- October 27 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (died 1953)
- November 22 – Leah Bodine Drake, American poet (died 1964)
- December 12 – Patrick O'Brian, English-born historical novelist (died 2000)
- March 17 – Hiraide Shū, Japanese novelist, poet, and lawyer (born 1878)
- March 25 – Frédéric Mistral, Nobel Prize-winning French author (born 1830)
- April 2 – Paul Heyse, Nobel Prize-winning German author (born 1830)
- April 7 – Edith Maude Eaton, English-born author (born 1865)
- May 19 – William Aldis Wright, English writer and editor (born 1831)
- May 29 – Laurence Irving, English dramatist and novelist (born 1871; drowned)
- June 21 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian pacifist writer (born 1843)
- July 6 – Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (born 1886; murdered)
- July 23 – Charlotte Forten Grimké, African American poet (born 1837)
- September 22 – Alain-Fournier, French novelist (born 1886; killed in action)
- October 30 – Ernst Stadler, German Expressionist poet (born 1883; killed in action)
- November 3 – Georg Trakl, Austrian Expressionist poet (born 1887; cocaine overdose)
- Nobel Prize for Literature: not awarded
- John Buchan's thriller The Thirty-Nine Steps (1915) and Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes story His Last Bow (1917) are both set on the eve of World War I.
- Jean Echenoz's novella 14 (2012), C. S. Forester's novel The African Queen (1935) and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's novel August 1914 (1971) are all set at the outbreak of World War I.
- "General John Regan: The Westport Riots – Claim For £1,000 Compensation". The Irish Times. 1914-04-11.
- Thomas Hardy website. Accessed 3 March 2013]
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Vorticism". Msn Encarta. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Harvey, Anne (1999). Adlestrop Revisited: an anthology inspired by Edward Thomas's poem. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. pp. 8–11. ISBN 0-7509-2289-3.
- Kramer, Alan (2008). Dynamic of Destruction: culture and mass killing in the First World War. London: Penguin. ISBN 9781846140136.; Gibson, Craig (2008-01-30). "The culture of destruction in the First World War". The Times Literary Supplement. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Speaight, Robert (1956-10-27). "Belloc and the War: Land and Water". The Tablet (London): 10. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
- "Mémoire des hommes". Ministère de la Défense, Secrétariat Général pour l'Administration.
- Studies In the Scriptures Series II – The Time Is At Hand (1889 ed.) pp. 99, 101.
- MacLeod, Kirsten (2008). "M. P. Shiel and the Love of Pubescent Girls: The Other "Love That Dare Not Speak Its Name"". English Literature in Transition, 1880–1920 51 (4): 355–380. doi:10.2487/elt.51.4(2008)0028. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- Seymour-Jones, Carole. Painted Shadow: The Life of Vivienne Eliot, First Wife of T. S. Eliot, Knopf Publishing Group, p. 1.
- Auster, Paul, ed. (1982). The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry; with translations by American and British poets. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-52197-8.
- Brugha, Máire MacSwiney (2006). History's Daughter: A Memoir from the Only Child of Terence MacSwiney. Dublin: The O'Brien Press. ISBN 978-0-86278-986-2.