1914 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1914.

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveries[edit]

  • While collecting fossils in Dinosaur Provincial Park, William Edmund Cutler discovered the type specimen of an ankylosaur taxon that would later be named Scolosaurus cutleri in his honor. However, while undercutting the specimen it collapsed on him "resulting in serious upper body injuries."[2]

Institutions and organizations[edit]

Natural history museums[edit]

Scientific organizations[edit]

Scientific advances[edit]

Paleoanthropology[edit]

Paleobotany[edit]

Evolutionary biology[edit]

Exopaleontology[edit]

Extinction research[edit]

Micropaleontology[edit]

Invertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Trace fossils[edit]

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Research techniques[edit]

Fossil trade[edit]

Law and politics[edit]

Regulation of fossil collection, transport, or sale[edit]

Fossil-related crime[edit]

Official symbols[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Ethics and practice[edit]

Hoaxes[edit]

Scandals[edit]

Unethical practice[edit]

People[edit]

Births[edit]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Historiography and anthropology of paleontology[edit]

Pseudoscience[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Amusement parks and attractions[edit]

Art[edit]

Comics[edit]

Film[edit]

Gaming[edit]

Literature[edit]

Philately[edit]

Television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ D. H. Tanke. 2010. Lost in plain sight: rediscovery of William E. Cutler's missing Eoceratops. In M. J. Ryan, B. J. Chinnery-Allgeier, D. A. Eberth (eds.), New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium. Indiana University Press, Bloomington 541-550.
  3. ^ Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Anchiceratops, a new genus of horned dinosaurs from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta, with discussion of the origin of the ceratopsian crests and brain casts of Anchiceratops and Trachodon. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 559-565.
  6. ^ Gilmore, C.W. 1914. A new ceratopsian dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Montana, with a note on Hypacrosaurus. Smithosian Miscellaneous Collections 43: pp. 1-10.
  7. ^ a b c Lambe, L.M. 1914. On Gryposaurus notabilts, a new genus and species of trachodont dinosaur from the Belly River Formation of Alberta, with a description of the skull of Chasmosaurus belli. Ottawa Nat. 27: pp. 145-155.
  8. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Corythosaurus casuarius, a new crested dinosaur from the Belly River Cretaceous, with provisional classification of the family Trachodontidae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 559-565.
  9. ^ Janensch, W. 1914. Ubersicht uber die Wirbeltierfauna der Tendaguru-Schichten nebst einer kurzen Charakterisierung der neu aufgefuhrten Arten von Sauropoden. Arch. Biontol. 3: pp. 81-110.
  10. ^ a b Lambe, L.M. 1914. On a new genus and species of carnivorous dinosaur from the Belly River Formation of Alberta with a description of the skull of Stephanosaurus marginatus from the same horizon. Ottawa Nat. 28: pp. 13-20.
  11. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Leptoceratops, a new genus of Ceratopsia from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 567- 580.