1914 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1914.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[3] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[4]

Name Status Authors Notes Images

Anchiceratops[5]

Valid taxon

Brachyceratops[6]

Valid taxon

Chasmosaurus[7]

Valid taxon

Corythosaurus[8] Valid taxon
Dicraeosaurus[9] Valid taxon

Gorgosaurus[10]

Disputed.

Possible junior synonym of Albertosaurus.

Gryposaurus[7] Valid taxon
Leptoceratops[11] Valid taxon

"Protorosaurus"[7]

Preoccupied.

Preoccupied by a non-dinosaurian archosauromorph von Meyer, 1830. Renamed Chasmosaurus.

"Stephanosaurus"[10]

Nomen dubium.

Possible junior synonym of Lambeosaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Brancasaurus

Valid

Wegner

Valid

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Lonchodectes

Valid

Hooley

Valid

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arctops

Valid

Lamiasaurus

Valid

Mormosaurus

Valid

Moschognathus

Valid

Pnigalion

Valid

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ "Previous Work," Trexler (2001); page 300.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  5. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Anchiceratops, a new genus of horned dinosaurs from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta, with discussion of the origin of the ceratopsian crests and brain casts of Anchiceratops and Trachodon. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 559-565.
  6. ^ Gilmore, C.W. 1914. A new ceratopsian dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Montana, with a note on Hypacrosaurus. Smithosian Miscellaneous Collections 43: pp. 1-10.
  7. ^ a b c Lambe, L.M. 1914. On Gryposaurus notabilts, a new genus and species of trachodont dinosaur from the Belly River Formation of Alberta, with a description of the skull of Chasmosaurus belli. Ottawa Nat. 27: pp. 145-155.
  8. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Corythosaurus casuarius, a new crested dinosaur from the Belly River Cretaceous, with provisional classification of the family Trachodontidae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 559-565.
  9. ^ Janensch, W. 1914. Ubersicht uber die Wirbeltierfauna der Tendaguru-Schichten nebst einer kurzen Charakterisierung der neu aufgefuhrten Arten von Sauropoden. Arch. Biontol. 3: pp. 81-110.
  10. ^ a b Lambe, L.M. 1914. On a new genus and species of carnivorous dinosaur from the Belly River Formation of Alberta with a description of the skull of Stephanosaurus marginatus from the same horizon. Ottawa Nat. 28: pp. 13-20.
  11. ^ Brown, B. 1914. Leptoceratops, a new genus of Ceratopsia from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 33: pp. 567- 580.

References[edit]

  • Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.