1914 in the United States
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|1914 in the United States|
|Years:||1911 1912 1913 – 1914 – 1915 1916 1917|
48 stars (1912–1959)
Events from the year 1914 in the United States.
- President: Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
- Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall (Democratic)
- Chief Justice: Edward Douglass White
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Champ Clark (D-Missouri)
- Congress: 63rd
- January 5 – The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor.
- January 9 – The Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. is founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
- February 13 – Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
- April 11 – Alpha Rho Chi, a professional architecture fraternity, is founded in the Hotel Sherman in Chicago.
- April 14 – The city of Irving, Texas is incorporated.
- April 20 – Colorado coalfield Massacre or Ludlow Massacre: The Colorado National Guard attacks a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners in Ludlow, killing 24 people.
- April 21 – 3,000 U.S. Marines land in Vera Cruz, Mexico.
- April 23 – The baseball stadium Weeghman Park, later known as Wrigley Field, opens in Chicago.
- May 14 – Woodrow Wilson signs a Mother's Day proclamation.
- June 1 – Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
- July 11 – Baseball legend Babe Ruth makes his major league debut with the Red Sox.
- July 18 – The Signal Corps of the United States Army is formed, giving definite status to its air service for the first time.
- August 1 – New York Stock Exchange closed due to war in Europe, where nearly all stock exchanges were already closed.
- August 4 – German troops invade neutral Belgium at 8:02 AM (local time). Britain declares war on Germany for this violation of Belgian neutrality. This move effectively means a declaration of war by the whole British Commonwealth and Empire against Germany. The United States declares neutrality.
- August 15 – The Panama Canal is inaugurated with the passage of the steamship U.S.S. Ancon.
- September 1 – The last known Passenger Pigeon "Martha" dies in the Cincinnati Zoo.
- September 26 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
- September 30 – The Flying Squadron is established to promote the temperance movement.
- October 7 – Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. marries Rose Fitzgerald in Boston.
- November 16 – A year after being created by passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens for business.
- November 23 – U.S. troops withdraw from Veracruz. Venustiano Carranza's troops take over and Carranza makes the town his headquarters.
- November 28 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
- December 12 – The New York Stock Exchange re-opened, having been closed since August 1, 1914 except for bond trading.
- December 17 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act (initially introduced by Francis Burton Harrison).
- The Port of Orange, Texas is dredged for the fabrication of vessels for the United States Navy.
- The United States Power Squadrons is formed.
- Phi Sigma, a local undergraduate classical club, is founded by a group of students in the Greek Department at the University of Chicago.
- The American Radio Relay League is founded.
- Henry Ford sells 248,000 cars.
- January 12 – Edward Gurney, United States Senator from Florida from 1969 till 1974. (died 1996)
- January 31 – Carey Loftin, actor and stuntman (died 1997)
- June 19 – Alan Cranston, United States Senator from California from 1969 till 1993. (died 2000)
- September 26 – Francois Henri "Jack" LaLanne, fitness and dietary health trainer (died 2011)
- December 20 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., United States Senator from Virginia from 1965 till 1983.
- January 28 – Shelby Moore Cullom, United States Senator from Illinois from 1883 till 1913. (born 1829)
- February 14 – Augustus Octavius Bacon, United States Senator from Georgia from 1895 to 1914. (born 1839)
- February 23 – Henry M. Teller, United States Senator from Colorado from 1876 till 1882 and from 1885 till 1909. (born 1830)
- March 26 – Benjamin Franklin Keith, vaudeville theatre owner (born 1846)
- May 23 – William O'Connell Bradley, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1895 till 1899. (born 1847)
- August 25 – Powell Clayton, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1868 till 1871. (born 1833)
- September 13 – Charles N. Felton, United States Senator from California from 1891 till 1893. (born 1832)
- December 22 – William Stanley West, United States Senator from Georgia in 1914. (born 1849)
- Media related to 1914 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons