1914 in the United States
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|1914 in the United States|
|Years:||1911 1912 1913 – 1914 – 1915 1916 1917|
48 stars (1912–1959)
Events from the year 1914 in the United States.
- President: Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
- Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall (Democratic)
- Chief Justice: Edward Douglass White
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Champ Clark (D-Missouri)
- Congress: 63rd
- January 1 – The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line starts services between St. Petersburg and Tampa, Florida, becoming the world's first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with Anthony Jannus (the first federally-licensed pilot) conveying passengers in a Benoist XIV flying boat. Abram C. Pheil, mayor of St. Petersburg, is the first airline passenger and over 3,000 people witness the first departure.
- January 5 – The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor.
- January 9 – The Phi Beta Sigma fraternity is founded at Howard University (an historically black university) in Washington, D.C.
- February 13 – Copyright: In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
- April 9 – Tampico Affair, involving U.S. Navy sailors in Mexico.
- April 11 – Alpha Rho Chi, a professional architecture fraternity, is founded in the Hotel Sherman in Chicago.
- April 14 – The city of Irving, Texas is incorporated.
- April 20
- April 21 – United States occupation of Veracruz: 2,300 U.S. Navy sailors and Marines from the South Atlantic fleet land in the port city of Veracruz, Mexico, which they will occupy for over 6 months. The Ypiranga incident occurs when they attempt to enforce an arms embargo against Mexico by preventing the German cargo steamer SS Ypiranga from unloading arms for the Mexican government in the port. On April 22 Mexico for the time being ends diplomatic relations with the U.S.
- April 23 – The baseball stadium Weeghman Park, later known as Wrigley Field, opens in Chicago.
- May 14 – Woodrow Wilson signs a Mother's Day proclamation.
- June 1 – Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.
- July 11 – Baseball legend Babe Ruth makes his major league debut with the Red Sox.
- July 18 – The Signal Corps of the United States Army is formed, giving definite status to its air service for the first time.
- August 1 – New York Stock Exchange closed due to war in Europe, where nearly all stock exchanges were already closed.
- August 4 – German troops invade neutral Belgium at 8:02 AM (local time). Britain declares war on Germany for this violation of Belgian neutrality. This move effectively means a declaration of war by the whole British Commonwealth and Empire against Germany. The United States declares neutrality.
- August 15 – The Panama Canal is inaugurated with the passage of the steamship U.S.S. Ancon.
- September 1 – The last known Passenger Pigeon "Martha" dies in the Cincinnati Zoo.
- September 26 – The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
- September 30 – The Flying Squadron is established to promote the temperance movement.
- October 7 – Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. marries Rose Fitzgerald in Boston.
- November 16 – A year after being created by passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens for business.
- November 23 – U.S. troops withdraw from Veracruz. Venustiano Carranza's troops take over and Carranza makes the town his headquarters.
- November 28 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
- December 12 – The New York Stock Exchange re-opened, having been closed since August 1, 1914 except for bond trading.
- December 17 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act (initially introduced by Francis Burton Harrison).
- The Port of Orange, Texas is dredged for the fabrication of vessels for the United States Navy.
- The United States Power Squadrons is formed.
- Phi Sigma, a local undergraduate classical club, is founded by a group of students in the Greek Department at the University of Chicago.
- The American Radio Relay League is founded.
- Henry Ford sells 248,000 cars.
- January 12 – Edward Gurney, United States Senator from Florida from 1969 till 1974 (died 1996)
- January 31 – Carey Loftin, actor and stuntman (died 1997)
- June 19 – Alan Cranston, United States Senator from California from 1969 till 1993 (died 2000)
- September 26 – Francois Henri "Jack" LaLanne, fitness and dietary health trainer (died 2011)
- December 20 – Harry F. Byrd, Jr., United States Senator from Virginia from 1965 till 1983 (died 2012)
- January 28 – Shelby Moore Cullom, United States Senator from Illinois from 1883 till 1913. (born 1829)
- February 14 – Augustus Octavius Bacon, United States Senator from Georgia from 1895 to 1914. (born 1839)
- February 23 – Henry M. Teller, United States Senator from Colorado from 1876 till 1882 and from 1885 till 1909. (born 1830)
- March 26 – Benjamin Franklin Keith, vaudeville theatre owner (born 1846)
- May 23 – William O'Connell Bradley, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1895 till 1899. (born 1847)
- August 25 – Powell Clayton, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1868 till 1871. (born 1833)
- September 13 – Charles N. Felton, United States Senator from California from 1891 till 1893. (born 1832)
- December 22 – William Stanley West, United States Senator from Georgia in 1914. (born 1849)
- Media related to 1914 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons