1915 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1915.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphaenogaster mersa[2]

Sp nov

valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil myrmicin ant.

Aphaenogaster oligocenica[2]

Sp nov

valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil myrmicin ant.

Asymphylomyrmex

Gen et sp nov

valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

A dolichoderine ant.

Iridomyrmex constricta[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Mayr)

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Anonychomyrma constricta

Iridomyrmex geinitzi[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Dolichoderin ant, jr synonym of Anonychomyrma geinitzi

Iridomyrmex samlandica[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Dolichoderin ant, jr synonym of Anonychomyrma samlandica

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
"Poposaurus"[3]

Valid taxon.

  • Mehl

Carnian

Popo Agie Formation

 United States

A member of Poposauridae.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Eoceratops[5]

Disputed.

May be a synonym of Chasmosaurus.

Kangnasaurus[6] Valid taxon
  • Haughton
"Kentrosaurus"[7]
  • Hennig
Spinosaurus[8] Valid taxon

Anapsids[edit]

Turtles[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cratochelone[9]

gen et sp nov

valid

Loangman

Albian

Toolebuc Formation

 Australia

largest protostegid turtle from Australia

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alopecognathus

Valid

Cerdodon

Valid

Galesuchus

Valid

Moschosaurus

Valid

Scoliomus

Valid

Scylacorhinus

Valid

Scymnognathus

Valid

Simorhinella

Valid

Struthiocephalus

Valid

Trochosaurus

Valid

Tropidostoma

Valid

Paleontologists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Wheeler, W. M. (1915). "The ants of the Baltic amber". Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg 55 (4): 56–59. 
  3. ^ Mehl, M.G. 1915. Poposaurus gracilis, a new reptile from the Triassic of Wyoming. Journal of Geology 23: pp. 516-522.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ Lambe, L.M. 1915. On Eoceratops canadensis. gen. nov., with remarks on other genera of Cretaceous homed dinosaurs. Geol. Surv. Can. Mus. Bull. 12: pp. 1-49.
  6. ^ Haughton, S.H. 1915. On some dinosaur remains from Bushmanland. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Africa 5: pp. 259-264.
  7. ^ Hennig, E. 1915. Kentrosaurus aethiopicus, der Stegosauride des Tendaguru. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin 1915: pp. 219- 247.
  8. ^ Stromer, E. 1915. Ergebnisse der Forschungsreisen Prof. E. Stromers in den Wusten Agyptens. II. Wirbeltier-Reste der Baharije-Stufe (unterstes Cenoman). 3. Das Original des Theropoden Spinosaurus aegyptiacus. Abhandlungen der Koniglich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-physikalische Klasse 28 (band 3): pp. 3-32.
  9. ^ longman, H. L. (1915). "on a giant turtle of the Queensland Lower Cretaceous". Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 3: 24–29. ISSN 0079-8835. 
  10. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.