1916 in the United States
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|1916 in the United States|
|Years:||1913 1914 1915 – 1916 – 1917 1918 1919|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1916 in the United States.
- President: Woodrow Wilson (Democratic)
- Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall (Democratic)
- Chief Justice: Edward Douglass White
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Champ Clark (D-Missouri)
- Congress: 64th
- Governor of Alabama: Charles Henderson (Democratic)
- Governor of Arizona: George W. P. Hunt (Democratic)
- Governor of Arkansas: George Washington Hays (Democratic)
- Governor of California: Hiram Johnson (Republican)
- Governor of Colorado: George Alfred Carlson (Republican)
- Governor of Connecticut: Marcus H. Holcomb (Republican)
- Governor of Delaware: Charles R. Miller (Republican)
- Governor of Florida: Park Trammell (Democratic)
- Governor of Georgia: Nathaniel E. Harris (Democratic)
- Governor of Idaho: Moses Alexander (Democratic)
- Governor of Illinois: Edward F. Dunne (Democratic)
- Governor of Indiana: Samuel M. Ralston (Democratic)
- Governor of Iowa: George W. Clarke (Republican)
- Governor of Kansas: Arthur Capper (Republican)
- Governor of Kentucky: Augustus O. Stanley (Democratic)
- Governor of Louisiana: Luther Egbert Hall (Democratic) (until May 9), Ruffin Golson Pleasant (Democratic) (starting May 9)
- Governor of Maine: Oakley C. Curtis (Democratic)
- Governor of Maryland: Phillips Lee Goldsborough (Republican) (until January 12), Emerson C. Harrington (Democratic) (starting January 12)
- Governor of Massachusetts: David I. Walsh (Democratic) (until January 6), Samuel W. McCall (Republican) (starting January 6)
- Governor of Michigan: Woodbridge Nathan Ferris (Democratic)
- Governor of Minnesota: J. A. A. Burnquist (Republican)
- Governor of Mississippi: Earl L. Brewer (Democratic) (until January 18), Theodore G. Bilbo (Democratic) (starting January 18)
- Governor of Missouri: Elliot Woolfolk Major (Democratic)
- Governor of Montana: Sam V. Stewart (Democratic)
- Governor of Nebraska: John H. Morehead (Democratic)
- Governor of Nevada: Emmet D. Boyle (Democratic)
- Governor of New Hampshire: Rolland H. Spaulding (Republican)
- Governor of New Jersey: James Fairman Fielder (Democratic)
- Governor of New Mexico: William C. McDonald (Democratic)
- Governor of New York: Charles S. Whitman (Republican)
- Governor of North Carolina: Locke Craig (Democratic)
- Governor of North Dakota: L. B. Hanna (Republican)
- Governor of Ohio: Frank B. Willis (Democratic)
- Governor of Oklahoma: R. L. Williams (Democratic)
- Governor of Oregon: James Withycombe (Republican)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: Martin Grove Brumbaugh (Republican)
- Governor of Rhode Island: R. Livingston Beeckman (Republican)
- Governor of South Carolina: Richard Irvine Manning III (Democratic)
- Governor of South Dakota: Frank M. Byrne (Republican)
- Governor of Tennessee: Tom C. Rye (Democratic)
- Governor of Texas: James E. Ferguson (Democratic)
- Governor of Utah: William Spry (Republican)
- Governor of Vermont: Charles W. Gates (Republican)
- Governor of Virginia: Henry Carter Stuart (Democratic)
- Governor of Washington: Ernest Lister (Democratic)
- Governor of West Virginia: Henry D. Hatfield (Republican)
- Governor of Wisconsin: Emanuel L. Philipp (Republican)
- Governor of Wyoming: John B. Kendrick (Democratic)
- January 24 – In Browning, Montana, the temperature drops from +6.7°C to −48.8°C (44°F to −56°F) in one day, the greatest change ever on record for a 24-hour period.
- January 24 – Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad: The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the national income tax.
- February 11 – The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its first concert.
- March 6 – Newton D. Baker appointed Secretary of War.
- March 8–9 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa leads about 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 12 U.S. soldiers. A garrison of the U.S. 13th Cavalry Regiment fights back and drives them away.
- March 15 – President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa; the 13th Cavalry regiment enters Mexican territory.
- March 16 – Mexican Revolution: The U.S. 7th and 10th Cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the border to join the hunt for Villa.
- April 20 – The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7–6 in 11 innings.
- May 5 – United States Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
- May 22 – The case of United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola is decided.
- June 3 – Division of Militia Affairs renamed Militia Bureau.
- June 5 – Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
- June 15 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America.
- July 1 US Marines defeat Santo Domingo
- July 1–12 – At least one shark mauls five swimmers along 80 miles (130 km) of New Jersey coastline during the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, resulting in four deaths and the survival of one youth who required limb amputation. This event is the inspiration for author Peter Benchley, over half a century later, to write Jaws.
- July 8–16 – Massive flooding caused by two hurricanes devastates western North Carolina.
- July 15 – In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing incorporates Pacific Aero Products (later renamed The Boeing Company).
- July 22 – In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade, killing 10 injuring 40 (Warren Billings and Tom Mooney are later wrongly convicted of it).
- July 30 – German agents cause the Black Tom explosion in Jersey City, New Jersey, an act of sabotage destroying an ammunition depot and killing at least seven people.
- August 9 – Lassen Volcanic National Park is established in California.
- August 24 – Council of National Defense formed.
- August 25 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs legislation creating the National Park Service.
- August 29 – The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.
- September 7 – The Merchant Marine Act of 1916 establishes the U.S. Shipping Board (inaugurated January 1917).
- September 13 – Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the town of Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter "Red" Eldridge.
- October 16 – Margaret Sanger opens the first U.S. birth control clinic -a forerunner of Planned Parenthood.
- November 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1916: Democratic President Woodrow Wilson narrowly defeats Republican Charles E. Hughes.
- November 7 – Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives.
- November 21 - US rejects German offer of £10000 per American lost In the Lusitania
- December 31 – The Hampton Terrace Hotel in North Augusta, South Carolina, one of the largest and most luxurious hotels in the nation at the time, burns to the ground.
- December 31 – 14 journals published Louis Raemaekers's anti-German cartoons.
- Robert Baden-Powell founds the Wolf Cubs Scouts in Britain, changed to Cub Scouts in the USA.
- The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers is founded in the United States.
- Progressive Era (1890s–1920s)
- Lochner era (c. 1897–c. 1937)
- U.S. occupation of Haiti (1915–1934)
- Pancho Villa Expedition (1916–1917)
- February 7 – Floyd K. Haskell, United States Senator from Colorado from 1973 till 1979. (died 1998)
- March 29 – Eugene McCarthy, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1959 till 1971. (died 2005)
- May 10 – Milton Babbitt, composer (died 2011)
- June 6 – Jack Miller, United States Senator from Iowa from 1961 till 1973. (died 1994)
- October 8 – Spark Matsunaga, United States Senator from Hawaii from 1977 till 1990. (died 1990)
- October 30 – Charles E. Potter, United States Senator from Michigan from 1952 till 1959. (died 1979)
- November 5 – Bill Fisk, football player and coach (died 2007)
- January 1 - Alfred W. Benson, United States Senator from Kansas from 1906 till 1907. (born 1843)
- February 3 - Bowman Brown Law, politician (born 1855)
- March 20 - Stephen Wallace Dorsey, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1873 till 1879. (born 1842)
- July 23 - Thomas M. Patterson, Ireland-born United States Senator from Colorado from 1901 till 1907. (born 1839)
- November 4 – James D. Moffat, 3rd president of Washington & Jefferson College (born 1846)
- Media related to 1916 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons