1917 in the United Kingdom
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Events from the year 1917 in the United Kingdom. This year is dominated by World War I.
- 19 January - Silvertown explosion: a blast at a munitions factory in London kills 73 and injures over 400. The resulting fire causes over £2M-worth of damage.
- 25 January - Armed merchantman SS Laurentic (1908) is sunk by mines off Lough Swilly with the loss of 354 of the 475 aboard.
- 26 January - The sea defences at the village of Hallsands, Devon are breached, leading to all but one of the houses becoming uninhabitable.
- 1 February - Atlantic U-boat Campaign (World War I): Germany announces its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare, rescinding the 'Sussex pledge'.
- 2 February - Bread rationing introduced.
- 21 February - Elder Dempster Line troopship SS Mendi is rammed by SS Darro off the Isle of Wight, killing 646.
- February - Formation of the Women's Land Army, superseding the Women's National Land Service Corps.
- March - Establishment of the Imperial War Cabinet, a body composed of the chief British ministers and the prime ministers of the Dominions (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa) to set policy.
- 11 March - World War I: British forces led by Sir Stanley Maude capture Baghdad, the southern capital of the Ottoman Empire.
- 26 March - World War I: First Battle of Gaza - British cavalry troops retreat after 17,000 Turks block their advance.
- 28 March - The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps founded.
- 5 April - Food Hoarding Order issued to prevent households from hoarding food in short supply.
- 6/7 May - World War I: First bomb dropped on London by a fixed-wing aircraft (one death).
- 25 May - World War I: First daylight bombing raid on the UK by fixed-wing aircraft: 95 killed in Folkestone area.
- 4 June - The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is established as an order of chivalry by George V under letters patent.
- 7 June - World War I: Battle of Messines in Flanders opens with the British Army detonating 19 ammonal mines under the German lines, killing 10,000 in the deadliest deliberate non-nuclear man-made explosion in history, which can be heard in London.
- 13 June - World War I: Second daylight bombing raid on London by fixed-wing aircraft: 162 killed.
- 9 July - HMS Vanguard is blown apart by an internal explosion at her moorings in Scapa Flow, Orkney, killing an estimated 843 crew with no survivors.
- 17 July
- July - First Cottingley Fairies photographs taken, apparently depicting fairies; a hoax not admitted by the child creators until 1981.
- 2 August - Squadron Commander E.H. Dunning becomes the first pilot to land his aircraft on a ship when he lands his Sopwith Pup on HMS Furious in Scapa Flow but is killed five days later during another landing on the ship.
- 17 August - One of English literature's most important and famous meetings takes place when Wilfred Owen introduces himself to Siegfried Sassoon at Craiglockhart War Hospital in Edinburgh.
- 21 August - Most provisions of Corn Production Act come into force. This guarantees minimum prices for wheat and oats and specifies a minimum wage for agricultural workers.
- 5 October - Sir Arthur Lee donates the country house Chequers to the nation.
- November - Women's Royal Naval Service established.
- 2 November - Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour makes the Balfour Declaration proclaiming British support for establishment of a homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine.
- 7 November - World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends — British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
- 16 November - British troops occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa in Palestine.
- 17 November - People's Dispensary for Sick Animals established by Maria Dickin.
- 20 November - World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins — British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are soon beaten back.
- 11 December - World War I: Battle of Jerusalem — General Edmund Allenby leads units of the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force into Jerusalem on foot following the Ottoman Empire's surrender of the city.
- 31 December - World War I: British government imposes rationing of sugar (8 oz per person per week).
- Early? - J. R. R. Tolkien, on medical leave from the British Army, begins writing The Book of Lost Tales (the first version of The Silmarillion); thus Middle-earth is first chronicled.
- Women's Forestry Service under Miss Rosamond Crowdy instituted under the Timber Supply Department of the Board of Trade.
- Charles Glover Barkla wins the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements."
- Gay Crusader wins the English Triple Crown by finishing first in the Derby, 2,000 Guineas and St. Leger.
- The anthology of British war poetry The Muse in Arms.
- Joseph Conrad's novella The Shadow Line (in book form).
- Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes short story collection His Last Bow.
- T. S. Eliot's poems Prufrock, and other observations.
- Robert Graves' poems Fairies and Fusiliers.
- Ivor Gurney's poems Severn and Somme.
- Daniel Jones's An English Pronouncing Dictionary.
- Siegfried Sassoon's The Old Huntsman, and Other Poems.
- Edward Thomas's collection Poems (posthumous) (including Adlestrop).
- P. G. Wodehouse's short story collection The Man with Two Left Feet.
- W. B. Yeats's poetry collection The Wild Swans at Coole.
- 19 January - Graham Higman, mathematician (died 2008)
- 25 February - Anthony Burgess, author (died 1993)
- 2 March - John Gardner, composer (died 2011)
- 12 March - Googie Withers, actress (died 2011)
- 20 March - Vera Lynn, actress and singer
- 22 March - Paul Rogers, actor (died 2013)
- 24 March - John Kendrew, molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (died 1997)
- 10 June - Ruari McLean, typographer (died 2006)
- 1 July - Humphry Osmond, psychiatrist (died 2004)
- 10 July - Reg Smythe, cartoonist (died 1998)
- 30 August - Denis Healey, author and politician
- 3 September - Anthony Robert Klitz, artist (died 2000)
- 2 October - Christian de Duve, biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 2013)
- 8 October - Rodney Robert Porter, biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 1985)
- 22 October - Joan Fontaine, actress in Tokyo (died 2013)
- 22 November - Andrew Huxley, scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 2012)
- 22 November - Shabtai Rosenne, British-born Israeli diplomat and recipient of the Israel Prize (died 2010)
- 16 December - Arthur C. Clarke, science fiction author and inventor (died 2008)
- Mary Berry, canoness, choral conductor and musicologist (died 2008)
- 2 January - Edward Burnett Tylor, anthropologist (born 1832)
- 19 March - Samuel Pasco, United States Senator from Florida from 1887 till 1899 (born 1834 in the United States)
- 25 March - John George Will, Scottish international rugby player (killed in action) (born 1892)
- 2 April - Bryn Lewis, Wales international rugby player (killed in action) (born 1891)
- 9 April - Edward Thomas, poet (killed in action) (born 1878)
- 18 May - John Nevil Maskelyne, stage magician (born 1839)
- 31 July
- Ellis Humphrey Evans ("Hedd Wyn"), Welsh-language poet (killed in action) (born 1887)
- James Llewellyn Davies, Victoria Cross recipient (killed in action) (born 1886)
- James Young Milne Henderson, Scottish international rugby player (killed in action) (born 1891)
- Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (killed in action) (born 1887)
- 15 August - Thomas Crisp, Victoria Cross recipient (born 1876)
- 30 August - Alan Leo, astrologer (born 1860)
- 8 November
- 14 December - Phil Waller, Wales and British Lions rugby player (killed in action) (born 1889)
- Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (1995). The London Encyclopaedia. Macmillan. p. 288. ISBN 0-333-57688-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Women’s organisations". The Long, Long Trail. Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- "On This Day - 5 April 1917". firstworldwar.com. 2009. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- Castle, Ian (2010). London 1917-18: the bomber blitz. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-84603-682-8.
- The London Gazette: . 24 August 1917. Retrieved 2012-08-21. Statutes of the Order of the British Empire 24 August 1917.
- "Order of the British Empire". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
- Flett, Brian (11 July 2002). "Research puts Vanguard loss at 843". The Orcadian. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
- HMS Furious 1917
- "History of the Women's Royal Naval Service". Association of WRENS. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- Cooper, Charlie (2014-06-24). "Britons are forced to tighten their belts". The Independent (London). p. 17. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
- "J.R.R. Tolkien Chronology". Retrieved 2013-08-27.
- Charles Glover Barkla The Nobel Prize in Physics 1917