1918 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1908 . 1909 . 1910 . 1911 . 1912 . 1913 . 1914 ...
1915 1916 1917 -1918- 1919 1920 1921
... 1922 . 1923 . 1924 . 1925 . 1926 . 1927 . 1928 ...
In poetry: 1915 1916 1917 -1918- 1919 1920 1921
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1918 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- January 2 - Popular British novelist Marie Corelli is convicted under wartime legislation for hoarding food.
- January 23 - Robert Graves marries the painter Nancy Nicholson. Wedding guests include Wilfred Owen.
- The Telemachus episode of James Joyce's Ulysses is published (in serialised form) in the American journal The Little Review.
- English novelist Alec Waugh is made a prisoner of war; he will be incarcerated in Mainz Citadel with monologuist J. Milton Hayes (also taken prisoner this year) and Hugh Kingsmill.
- April - Hu Shih, chief advocate of the use of the vernacular in Chinese literature at this time, publishes an essay, "Constructive Literary Revolution - A Literature of National Speech" in the magazine New Youth (Xin Qingnian) proposing a four-point reform program.
- June - English poet Basil Bunting is imprisoned as a conscientious objector.
- August 17 - Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon meet for the last time, in London, and spend what Sassoon later describes as "the whole of a hot cloudless afternoon together."
- October 3 - Siegfried Sassoon visits his mentor Robbie Ross for the last time. Sassoon later writes that Ross, in saying goodbye, gave him a "presentiment of final farewell."
- November 4 - Wilfred Owen is killed in action, aged 25, at the Sambre–Oise Canal. News of his death reaches his parents in Oswestry a week later on Armistice Day.
- December - The Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins (d. 1889; including The Wreck of the Deutschland, 1875/6) are published by Robert Bridges; few were published in Hopkins's lifetime, so this presents his innovative sprung rhythm and imagery to many readers for the first time.
- Winter - Parisian farceur Georges Feydeau contracts tertiary syphilis.
- Novelist and wartime propagandist Hall Caine is made a KBE.
- The 2nd annual Pulitzer Prizes are awarded in the United States.
- Arnold Bennett - The Roll-Call
- Edgar Rice Burroughs - Tarzan and the Jewels of Opar
- Willa Cather - My Ántonia
- Blaise Cendrars
- Marie Corelli - The Young Diana
- Alfred Döblin - Wadzeks Kampf mit der Dampfturbine ("Wadzek's Struggle with the Steam Turbine")
- Sarah Lee Brown Fleming - Hope's Highway
- Mary E. Wilkins Freeman - Edgewater People
- August Gailit - Muinasmaa
- "Owen Gregory" - Meccania the Super-State
- Wyndham Lewis - Tarr (in book form)
- Norman Lindsay - The Magic Pudding: Being The Adventures of Bunyip Bluegum and his friends Bill Barnacle and Sam Sawnoff
- "Brinsley MacNamara" - The Valley of the Squinting Windows
- Heinrich Mann - Der Untertan
- Frans Masereel - 25 Images of a Man's Passion (wordless novel)
- André Maurois - Les Silences du Colonel Bramble
- Baroness Orczy
- Leo Perutz - From Nine to Nine
- Romain Rolland - Colas Breugnon
- Booth Tarkington - The Magnificent Ambersons
- Mary Augusta Ward - The War and Elizabeth
- Rebecca West - The Return of the Soldier
- Edith Wharton - The Marne
- Bertolt Brecht - Baal (written)
- John Drinkwater - Abraham Lincoln
- Marcel Gerbidon and Paul Armont - School for Coquettes
- Susan Glaspell - Tickless Time
- Hugo von Hofmannsthal - The Difficult Man
- James Joyce - Exiles
- Georg Kaiser - Gas
- Vladimir Mayakovsky - Mystery Bouffe
- Emma Orczy - The Legion of Honour (adaptation of A Sheaf of Bluebells)
Main article: 1918 in poetry
- Guillaume Apollinaire - Calligrammes: Poems of Peace and War, 1913-1916
- Laurence Binyon - The New World: Poems
- Vera Brittain - Verses of a VAD
- Toirdhealbhach Mac Suibhne (Terence MacSwiney) - Battle-cries
- Walter de la Mare - The Marionettes
- Siegfried Sassoon - Counter-Attack and Other Poems
- Edward Thomas (posthumous) - Last Poems
- Tristan Tzara - Vingt-cinq poèmes
- Henry Adams – The Education of Henry Adams
- Enid Bagnold – A Diary Without Dates
- Laurence Binyon – For Dauntless France
- William Inge – The Philosophy of Plotinus
- Daniel Jones – An Outline of English Phonetics
- Walther Rathenau – An Deutschlands Jugend
- Oswald Spengler – The Decline of the West
- Dr Marie Stopes – Married Love and Wise Parenthood
- Lytton Strachey – Eminent Victorians
- Mary Augusta Ward – A Writer's Recollections
- January 16
- February 1 - Muriel Spark, Scottish novelist (died 2006)
- February 6 - Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author of Das Boot (died 2007)
- March 9 - Mickey Spillane, American mystery writer (died 2006)
- March 10 - Theodore Cogswell, American science fiction author (died 1987)
- April 23
- May 16 - Juan Rulfo, Mexican author (died 1986)
- July 9 - John Heath-Stubbs, English poet and translator (died 2006)
- July 14 - Arthur Laurents, American novelist and screenwriter (died 2011)
- August 9 - Robert Aldrich, American writer and filmmaker (died 1983)
- August 20 - Jacqueline Susann, best-selling American novelist (died 1974)
- October 19 - Louis Althusser, French Marxist philosopher (died 1990)
- November 2 - Roger Lancelyn Green, English biographer (died 1987)
- November 16 - Nicholas Moore, English poet (died 1986)
- November 25 - Peter Opie, English expert in children's literature (died 1982)
- November 29 - Madeleine L'Engle, American author of books for children & teens (died 2007)
- December 11 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist (died 2008)
- December 30 - Al Purdy, Canadian poet (died 2000)
- January 1 - William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet, 57
- January 6 - Dora Sigerson Shorter, Irish poet, novelist and sculptor, 51
- January 28 - John McCrae, Canadian military surgeon and war poet, 45 (pneumonia and meningitis while on active service in France)
- April 1 - Isaac Rosenberg, English poet and artist, 27 (killed in action on the Somme)
- April 17 or 19? - William Hope Hodgson, English author and essayist, 40 (killed in action at Ypres)
- May 8 - Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, Austrian writer and traveller, 67
- May 27 - Francis George Fowler, English expert on grammar and usage, 47 (tuberculosis contracted on active service)
- June 10 - Arrigo Boito, Italian poet and composer, 76
- June 26 - Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet, 75
- June 28 - Alexander Turnbull, New Zealand bibliophile, 49
- July 30 - Joyce Kilmer, American poet, 31 (killed in action at the Second Battle of the Marne)
- October 5 - Robbie Ross, journalist and literary executor of Oscar Wilde, 49 (heart failure)
- November 4
- November 9 - Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet, dramatist, novelist and critic, 38 (1918 flu pandemic)
- December 2 - Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist, 50 (1918 flu pandemic)
- December 15 - Salvatore Farina, Italian novelist, 72
- Nobel Prize for Literature: not awarded
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Jesse Lynch Williams, Why Marry?
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Sara Teasdale: Love Songs
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Ernest Poole - His Family
- The following novels relate to the end of World War I:
- R. C. Sherriff's drama Journey's End (1928) is set on the Western Front (World War I) March 18–21
- "Miss Marie Corelli's Food Supply: £50 Fine for Hoarding". The Times (41677) (London). 1918-01-03. p. 3.
- Sassoon, Siegfried (1945). Siegfried's Journey, 1916-1920. London: Faber. pp. 71–84.
- Shorter, Aylward (2003). The Shorter Family. Bowie: Heritage Books. ISBN 0-7884-2293-6.
- March, Jessica. "Shorter, Dora Sigerson". Dictionary of Irish Biography. Cambridge University Press; Royal Irish Academy. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- Holt, Tonie; Valmai (1996). "Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae". Poets of the Great War. Barnsley: Leo Cooper (Reprinted 1999). pp. 54-62. ISBN 978-0-85052-706-3.
- "Francis George Fowler". The Dover War Memorial Project. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- Baxter, John (2009-02-10). Carnal Knowledge: Baxter's Concise Encyclopedia of Modern Sex. HarperCollins. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-06-087434-6.