1919 Major League Baseball season

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This article is about the 1919 Major League Baseball season only. For information on all of baseball, see 1919 in baseball.
1919 MLB season
League Major League Baseball
Sport Baseball
Duration April 19, 1919 – October 9, 1919
Pennant Winners
AL champions Chicago White Sox
  AL runners-up Cleveland Indians
NL champions Cincinnati Reds
  NL runners-up New York Giants
World Series
Champions Cincinnati Reds (5)
  Runners-up Chicago White Sox (3)
MLB seasons

The 1919 Major League Baseball Season, is best remembered for the Black Sox Scandal, in which the Chicago White Sox threw (purposely lost) the World Series to the Cincinnati Reds, 5–3, in order to illegally gain money from gambling. This scandal resulted in commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banning eight players from baseball for life, most controversially the star outfielder Shoeless Joe Jackson, whose involvement in the match fixing is disputed.[1] The season began on April 19, 1919 when the Brooklyn Robins defeated the Boston Braves 5–2 at Braves Field in the first game of a double header.[2] The regular season ended on September 29 with the New York Yankees defeating the Philadelphia Athletics 4–2 at Shibe Park,[3] with the infamous 1919 World Series opening two days later in Cincinnati.

Regular Season Standings[edit]

American League W L Pct. GB Home Road
Chicago White Sox 88 52 0.629 48–22 40–30
Cleveland Indians 84 55 0.604 44–25 40–30
New York Yankees 80 59 0.576 46–25 34–34
Detroit Tigers 80 60 0.571 8 46–24 34–36
St. Louis Browns 67 72 0.482 20½ 40–30 27–42
Boston Red Sox 66 71 0.482 20½ 35–30 31–41
Washington Senators 56 84 0.400 32 32–40 24–44
Philadelphia Athletics 36 104 0.257 52 21–49 15–55


National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
Cincinnati Reds 96 44 0.686 51–19 45–25
New York Giants 87 53 0.621 9 46–23 41–30
Chicago Cubs 75 65 0.536 21 40–31 35–34
Pittsburgh Pirates 71 68 0.511 24½ 39–31 32–37
Brooklyn Robins 69 71 0.493 27 36–34 33–37
Boston Braves 57 82 0.410 38½ 29–38 28–44
St. Louis Cardinals 54 83 0.394 40½ 34–35 20–48
Philadelphia Phillies 47 90 0.343 47½ 26–44 21–46


World Series[edit]

Main article: 1919 World Series
The team photo of the 1919 Chicago White Sox
Team photo of the infamous "Black Sox" team.

NL Cincinnati Reds (5) vs. AL Chicago White Sox (3)

Game Date Score Location Time Attendance
1 October 1 Chicago White Sox – 1, Cincinnati Reds – 9 Redland Field 1:42 30,511[4]
2 October 2 Chicago White Sox – 2, Cincinnati Reds – 4 Redland Field 1:42 29,698[5] 
3 October 3 Cincinnati Reds – 0, Chicago White Sox – 3 Comiskey Park (I) 1:30 29,126[6] 
4 October 4 Cincinnati Reds – 2, Chicago White Sox – 0 Comiskey Park (I) 1:37 34,363[7] 
5 October 6 Cincinnati Reds – 5, Chicago White Sox – 0 Comiskey Park (I) 1:45 34,379[8] 
6 October 7 Chicago White Sox – 5, Cincinnati Reds – 4 (10 innings) Redland Field 2:06 32,006[9] 
7 October 8 Chicago White Sox – 4, Cincinnati Reds – 1 Redland Field 1:47 13,923[10] 
8 October 9 Cincinnati Reds – 10, Chicago White Sox – 5 Comiskey Park (I) 2:27 32,930[11]

League Leaders[edit]

American League[edit]

Batting leaders[edit]

Stat Player Total
AVG Ty Cobb (DET) .384
HR Babe Ruth (BOS) 29
RBI Babe Ruth (BOS) 114
R Babe Ruth (BOS) 103
H Ty Cobb (DET) 191
SB Eddie Collins (CHW) 33

Pitching leaders[edit]

Stat Player Total
W Eddie Cicotte (CHW) 29
L Harry Harper (WSH) 21
ERA Walter Johnson (WSH) 1.49
K Walter Johnson (WSH) 147
IP Jim Shaw (WSH)
Eddie Cicotte (CHW)
240
SV Jim Shaw (WSH)
Bob Shawkey (NYY)
Allen Russell (TOT)
5

National League[edit]

Batting leaders[edit]

Stat Player Total
AVG Edd Roush (CIN) .321
HR Gavvy Cravath (PHI) 12
RBI Hi Myers (BRO) 73
R George Burns (NYG) 86
H Ivy Olson (BRO) 164
SB George Burns (NYG) 40

Pitching leaders[edit]

Stat Player Total
W Jesse Barnes (NYG) 25
L Lee Meadows (TOT) 20
ERA Pete Alexander (CHC) 1.72
K Hippo Vaughn (SCH) 141
IP Hippo Vaughn (SCH) 306.2
SV Oscar Tuero (STL) 4

Significant Events[edit]

Raymond Benjamin Caldwell, Yankee pitcher, full-length portrait, facing right, with right arm extended outward after throwing baseball.
Pictured is Ray Caldwell before his move from the Yankees to the Indians, whose eventful 1919 season included throwing a no-hitter and being struck by lightning during the 9th inning of a game.
New York Yankees outfielder George Halas is pictured on a signed baseball card, waiting for the ball to land in his outstretched mitt.
George Halas during his brief and unsuccessful tenure as a professional baseball player for the New York Yankees
  • April 19 – Legislature is passed by future New York City mayor Jimmy Walker that allows teams in the state of New York to play baseball on Sundays. The New York Giants were the first team to take advantage of this change, losing 4–3 to the Philadelphia Phillies in front of 35,00 fans at the Polo Ground.[12]
  • May 11:
  • May 20 – Red Sox pitcher babe Ruth hit his first career grand slam home run; the bomb comes against Dave Davenport of the St. Louis Browns in St. Louis. Boston wins 6–4.[15]
  • August 11 – Cleveland Indians center fielder Tris Speaker ties the AL record for run scoring, crossing the plate five times in 15–9 win at New York.[16]
  • July 1 – Going 5-for-5 in a 9–4 win over the Phillies, Brooklyn's Ed Konetchy gets his 10th straight hit, tying Jake Gettman's record set with Washington in 1897. Both will be topped by Walt Dropo in 1952.
  • August 14 – Babe Ruth hits his 17th home run, the first of seven homers in 12 days, which will include his fourth grand slam, setting an AL record until 1959.[17]
  • August 24 – Cleveland Indians pitcher Ray Caldwell is hit by lightning during the ninth inning of his début for the tribe. He quickly recovered, reportedly saying "Give me that danged ball and turn me toward the plate," before pitching the final out of the game.[18]
  • September 2 – The National Commission recommends a best-of-nine world series, abandoning the traditional seven game series. However the change was reverted three years later and the seven game format has remained ever since.
  • September 10 – Ray Caldwell, the pitcher hit by lightning just a couple of weeks before, throws a no hitter in the Cleveland Indians 3–0 victory over his former team, the New York Yankees.[19]
  • September 16 – Dutch Ruether beats the New York Giants, 4–3, to clinch the Cincinnati Reds first NL pennant and their first pennant of any kind since their American Association days.[20]
  • September 21 – In a period of rapidly played games, the Cubs beat the Braves 3–0 in 58 minutes of playing time.[21] It takes the Robins 55 minutes to beat the Reds 3–1,[22] with Slim Sallee throwing 65 pitches, managing to top Christy Mathewson's 69-pitch complete game.
  • September 24:
    • The Chicago White Sox's 6–5 win over the St. Louis Browns clinches the AL pennant; the final margin will be 3½ games over the Cleveland Indians.[23]
    • The Brooklyn Robins defeat the Phillies twice on Fred Luderus Day in Philadelphia. The second game is the 525th in a row played by the Phillies first baseman, who is presented with a diamond stickpin and gold watch between the games to commemorate his endurance effort. He will end the season with a consecutive-game streak of 553.[24]
    • Boston Red Sox pitcher Waite Hoyt throws nine perfect innings against the New York Yankees, but they score in the 13th in which he gives up 5 hits, ruining his perfect game, and losing the game 2–1.[25]
  • September 27 – Babe Ruth hit his 29th home run and his first of the year in Washington, to become the first player to hit at least one home run in every AL park in the same season.[26]
  • September 28 - The New York Giants and Philadelphia Phillies set a record for the quickest nine-inning game in Major League history - 51 minutes for a Giants 6-1 victory at the Polo Grounds.[27]

Managing Changes[edit]

Field managers[edit]

Off-season changes[edit]

Only one team announced a new manager in the offseason:

Date Team New manager Replaced Former job
January 30, Cincinnati Reds Pat Moran Christy Mathewson Won the 1915 World Series as manager of the Philadelphia Phillies.

Regular Season changes[edit]

One team replaced there manager during the season:

Date Team New Manager Replaced Previous Job
July 8 Philadelphia Phillies Gavvy Cravath Jack Coombs Played right field for the Philadelphia Phillies (became player manager)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City: Workman. ISBN 0-7611-3943-5.
  2. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/BSN/BSN191904191.shtml
  3. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/PHA/PHA191909290.shtml
  4. ^ "1919 World Series Game 1 – Chicago White Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  5. ^ "1919 World Series Game 2 – Chicago White Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  6. ^ "1919 World Series Game 3 – Cincinnati Reds vs. Chicago White Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  7. ^ "1919 World Series Game 4 – Cincinnati Reds vs. Chicago White Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  8. ^ "1919 World Series Game 5 – Cincinnati Reds vs. Chicago White Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  9. ^ "1919 World Series Game 6 – Chicago White Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  10. ^ "1919 World Series Game 7 – Chicago White Sox vs. Cincinnati Reds". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  11. ^ "1919 World Series Game 8 – Cincinnati Reds vs. Chicago White Sox". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009. 
  12. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NY1/NY1191905040.shtml
  13. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/CIN/CIN191905110.shtml
  14. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NYA/NYA191905110.shtml
  15. ^ Home run number 22 http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/event_hr.cgi?id=ruthba01&t=b
  16. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NYA/NYA191908110.shtml
  17. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/CHA/CHA191908140.shtml
  18. ^ http://www.chautauquasportshalloffame.org/raycaldwell1954.php
  19. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NYA/NYA191909101.shtml
  20. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/standings/index.jsp?tcid=mm_mlb_standings#19190916
  21. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/CHN/CHN191909210.shtml
  22. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/CIN/CIN191909210.shtml
  23. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/standings/index.jsp?tcid=mm_mlb_standings#19190924
  24. ^ http://www.baseballlibrary.com/ballplayers/player.php?name=Fred_Luderus_1885&page=chronology
  25. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NYA/NYA191909242.shtml
  26. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/event_hr.cgi?id=ruthba01&t=b
  27. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NY1/NY1191909281.shtml

External links[edit]