1919 in literature
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|... 1909 . 1910 . 1911 . 1912 . 1913 . 1914 . 1915 ...
1916 1917 1918 -1919- 1920 1921 1922
... 1923 . 1924 . 1925 . 1926 . 1927 . 1928 . 1929 ...
In poetry: 1916 1917 1918 -1919- 1920 1921 1922
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1919 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- March - The diaries up to the end of 1917 of English naturalist W. N. P. Barbellion (Bruce Frederick Cummings) are published as The Journal of a Disappointed Man in London by Chatto & Windus. This treats his resignation to the disease multiple sclerosis of which he will die on October 22 (age 30) at Gerrards Cross.
- April 2 - Vladimir Nabokov leaves Russia with his family.
- November 17 - American expatriate Sylvia Beach opens the Shakespeare and Company bookstore in Paris.
- Winifred Holtby and Vera Brittain return to Somerville College, Oxford, to complete their education following war service.
- Alfred Harcourt and Donald Brace set up the publishing company Harcourt, Brace & Howe in New York City.
- Two paintings by E. E. Cummings appear in a show of the New York Society of Independent Artists.
- Sherwood Anderson — Winesburg, Ohio
- Daisy Ashford — The Young Visiters (written in 1890 when the author was nine)
- Pio Baroja — Caesar or Nothing
- L. Frank Baum — The Magic of Oz
- André Breton and Philippe Soupault — Les Champs Magnétiques (the first book written using the techniques of surrealist automatism)
- Edgar Rice Burroughs — Jungle Tales of Tarzan
- James Branch Cabell — Jurgen
- Ronald Firbank — Valmouth
- Gilbert Frankau — Peter Jackson, Cigar Merchant: a romance of married life
- André Gide — La Symphonie Pastorale
- Joseph Hergesheimer
- Hermann Hesse — Demian
- E. M. Hull — The Sheik
- Jerome K. Jerome — All Roads Lead to Calvary
- Jack London — On the Makaloa Mat
- W. Somerset Maugham — The Moon and Sixpence
- Baroness Orczy
- Premchand — Seva Sadan
- Marcel Proust
- Pastiches et mélanges
- Within a Budding Grove
- Romain Rolland — The Forerunners
- Ivan Tavčar — Visoška kronika ("The Visoko Chronicle", novella)
- Mary Augusta Ward
- Fields of Victory
- Virginia Woolf — Night and Day
- Ryūnosuke Akutagawa - Dragon: the Old Potter's Tale
- Franz Kafka - "In the Penal Colony"
- P. G. Wodehouse - My Man Jeeves (collection)
- Susan Glaspell - Bernice
- Harley Granville-Barker - The Secret Life
- Ian Hay - Tilly of Bloomsbury
- Karl Kraus - The Last Days of Mankind (Die letzten Tage der Menschheit)
- A. A. Milne - The Camberley Triangle
- Liviu Rebreanu - The Quadrille
- Ernst Toller - Transformation
- Henri Bergson - L'Energie spirituelle: essais et conférences ("Spiritual Energy: Essays and Lectures")
- John Maynard Keynes - The Economic Consequences of the Peace
- Karl Kraus - Weltgericht ("Last Judgment")
- H. L. Mencken - The American Language
- H. G. Wells - The Outline of History (publication of first installment on Nov. 22, 1919)
- Arthur Graeme West (posthumous) - The Diary of a Dead Officer
- January 1 - J. D. Salinger, novelist (died 2010)
- January 7 - Robert Duncan, poet (died 1988)
- January 25 - Edwin Newman, journalist, writer (died 2010)
- March 24 - Robert Heilbroner, author of The Worldly Philosophers (died 2005)
- May 17 - Robert H. Adleman, American novelist and historian (died 1995)
- June 6 - Helen Forrester, memoirist and novelist (died 2011)
- June 28 - Ion Dezideriu Sîrbu, Romanian philosopher, novelist, essayist and dramatist (died 1989)
- July 15 - Iris Murdoch, novelist (died 1999)
- July 23 - Davis Grubb, novelist and short story writer (died 1980)
- July 31 - Primo Levi, Italian novelist and memoirist (died 1987)
- September 26 - Matilde Camus, Spanish poet (died 2012)
- October 22 - Doris Lessing, Persian-born English novelist (died 2013)
- November 23 - P. F. Strawson, English philosopher (died 2006)
- November 26 - Frederik Pohl, American science fiction author (died 2013)
- November 29 - Frank Kermode, Manx-born literary critic (died 2010)
- December 17 - Charlotte Jay, Australian suspense writer (died 1996)
- January 11 - Kazimierz Zalewski, Polish dramatist, critic and newspaper publisher, 69
- January 31 - Paul Lindau, German dramatist, 79
- May 6 - L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz author, 62 (stroke)
- May 10 - Ferdinando Fontana, Italian journalist, dramatist, and poet, 69
- May 17 - Guido von List, Viennese) poet, dramatist, journalist and occultist writer, 70
- June 14 - Weedon Grossmith, English writer, painter, actor and playwright, co-author of Diary of a Nobody, 65
- June 23 - Kolachalam Srinivasa Rao, Indian dramatist, 65
- July 8 - John Fox, Jr., American journalist, novelist, and short story writer, 56 (pneumonia)
- August 11 - Andrew Carnegie, Scottish American industrialist and library benefactor, 83 (pneumonia)
- September 12 - Leonid Andreyev, Russian playwright, novelist and short-story writer, 48 (heart failure)
- October 22 - W. N. P. Barbellion, English naturalist and diarist, 30 (multiple sclerosis)
- October 30 - Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet, 68
- November 3 - Abraham Valdelomar, Peruvian poet, journalist, essayist and dramatist, 31 (injuries from accidental fall)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Hugh Walpole, The Secret City
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Henry Festing Jones, Samuel Butler, Author of Erewhon (1835–1902) - A Memoir
- Nobel Prize for Literature: Carl Spitteler
- Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography: Henry Brooks Adams, The Education of Henry Adams
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: no award given
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Margaret Widdemer, Old Road to Paradise and Carl Sandburg, Corn Huskers
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Booth Tarkington - The Magnificent Ambersons
- Barbellion, W. N. P. (1919). The Journal of a Disappointed Man. New York: George H. Doran. p. 225.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.