1919 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1919.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[2] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[3]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dysalotosaurus[4]

Valid taxon.

  • Virchow

late Kimmeridgian-Tithonian

Tendaguru Formation

 Tanzania

A dryosaurid.

Panoplosaurus[5] Valid taxon

middle-late Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

 Canada

A nodosaurid

"Uintasaurus"[6]

Junior synonym.

  • Holland

late Kimmeridgian-Tithonian

Morrison Formation

 United States

Junior synonym of Camarasaurus.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Parapsicephalus

Valid

von Arthaber

Toarcian

Whitby Limestone Formation

 England

A rhamphorhynchid; new genus for "Scaphognathus" purdoni Newton (1888).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  4. ^ Virchow, H. 1919. Atlas and Epistropheus bei den Schildkroten. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin 1919: pp. 303-332.
  5. ^ Lambe, L.M. 1919. Description of a new genus and species (Panoplosaurus mirus) of armored dinosaur from the Belly River Beds of Alberta. Trans. Roy. Soc. Can. (ser. 3) 13: pp. 39-50.
  6. ^ Holland, W.J. 1919. Report on Section of Paleontology. Annual Report of the Carnegie Museum (for 1919): p. 38 [and see Holland, W.J. 1924. Description of the type of Uintasaurus douglassi Holland. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 15 (2-3): pp. 119-138.]