191st Street (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)

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191st Street
NYCS 1
New York City Subway rapid transit station
191 St vc.jpg
Broadway entrance
Station statistics
Address West 191st Street & Saint Nicholas Avenue
New York, NY 10040
Borough Manhattan
Locale Washington Heights
Coordinates 40°51′18″N 73°55′44″W / 40.855°N 73.929°W / 40.855; -73.929Coordinates: 40°51′18″N 73°55′44″W / 40.855°N 73.929°W / 40.855; -73.929
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
Connection NYCT Bus: M3, M101
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened January 14, 1911 (103 years ago) (1911-01-14)
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 2,598,961[1] Increase 3.7%
Rank 185 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Dyckman Street: 1 all times
Next south 181st Street: 1 all times

191st Street is a station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of St. Nicholas Avenue and 191st Street in Manhattan, it is served by the 1 train at all times.

At approximately 180 feet (55 m) below street level, this is the deepest station in the New York City Subway system. It has two tracks and two side platforms. This section of the line opened on March 12, 1906, but the elevators and other work had not yet been completed, and 191st Street did not open to the public for another five years. The depth of the station suited it for 1954 experiments by Victor Hess into the nature of cosmic rays.[2][dead link]

There are two exits from this station via the same fare control. The main entrance at 191st Street and St. Nicholas Avenue is at the summit of a hill and accessible only by a set of four elevators. The other exit, at 190th Street and Broadway, is at a hillside and accessed via a three-block long passageway which passes under Wadsworth Terrace and Avenue, and is maintained by the Parks Department rather than the MTA.

The elevators to the platforms still utilize elevator operators, one of the only stations in the system to do so.[3]

Despite this station's depth, the next station north, Dyckman Street, is just above ground level. This is because 191st Street is at nearly the highest point on the island of Manhattan and this station is deep in the Washington Heights Mine Tunnel, while Dyckman Street runs along a deep valley almost at sea level and its station is at the tunnel portal. This is despite the fact that both stations are at the same elevation.

This station was completely renovated in 2004–2005 by the New York City Transit Authority. All of the deteriorating tiles and mosaics were replaced with exact reproductions of the originals made by Serpentile, a company that does reproductions of original subway motifs. The tiles are all unglazed porcelain a half inch wide. Each of the 72 columns had to be plastered and prepared for four-sided mosaics that wrap around each one. There are 72 vertical panels, and over 3500 linear foot of mosaics. New York City Transit construction crews did all of the tile and installation work.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit/Entrance
(Bank of elevators in northern exit. Note: Platforms and street level are not accessible)
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors open on the right
Northbound NYCS 1 toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Dyckman Street)
Southbound NYCS 1 toward South Ferry (181st Street)
Side platform, doors open on the right

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ New York Daily News, 1996 June 2 Cosmic Rays at 191st St
  3. ^ The Subway’s Elevator Operators, a Reassuring Amenity of Another Era. By MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM. Published: April 28, 2011. The New York Times.

External links[edit]

Media related to 191st Street (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) at Wikimedia Commons

Broadway entrance prior to the installation of an artwork