1921 (film)

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1921 poster.jpg
DVD cover
Ayirathi Thollayirathi Irupathi Onnu
Directed by I. V. Sasi
Produced by Muhammed Mannil
Written by T. Damodaran
Screenplay by T. Damodaran
Story by T. Damodaran
Starring Mammootty
Suresh Gopi
T. G. Ravi
Music by Shyam
Cinematography V Jayaram
Edited by K Narayanan
Mannil Films
Distributed by Mannil Films
Release dates
  • 19 August 1988 (1988-08-19)
Running time
197 minutes
Country India
Language Malayalam
Budget Rs. 1. 20 crore[1]

1921 - Ayirathi Thollayirathi Irupathi Onnu is a 1988 Indian historical war drama film directed by I. V. Sasi, set during the Mappila Uprising of 1921. The film has a star-studded cast including Mammootty, Suresh Gopi, Madhu, T. G. Ravi, Seema, Urvashi and Mukesh.[2][3][4] Written by long-time Sasi collaborator T. Damodaran, the film tells the fictional story of Corporal Khader (Mammootty), a former British army officer and World War I veteran, who joins with the Mappila rebels during the Uprising.

Made with a budget of Rs. 1. 20 crore, 1921 was then the most expensive film in Malayalam. The film was a moderate success only due to its low profit.[5][6] The film won Kerala State Film Award for Best Film with Popular Appeal and Aesthetic Value in 1988.[7]


The film focuses on bullock cart driver Khader (Mammootty), a retired Corporal and World War I veteran, and Unni Krishnan (Suresh Gopi), a hardline nationalist revolutionary from a family of Hindu landlords. Both men join the brigade of Variyan Kunnathu Kunjahammed Haji (T. G. Ravi), one of the prominent leaders of the 1921 Uprising.

The plot gradually introduces a variety of characters, representing the Malabar society of the 1920s. The film also touches various social dilemmas which lead to the 1921 Uprising, the atrocities committed by the British army during the events and the eventual collapse of the rebel unity and organisation.


Box office[edit]

The film's screenplay and dialogues, written by T. Damodaran, were praised by the general public. Initially the film was not doing at the theaters as well as expected.[8]


The soundtrack was composed by Tamil composer Shyam. The lyrics of the songs in the film were adapted from folklore Malayalam poems by poets such as Moyinkutty Vaidyar (19th century). Independent India's "national song" Vande Mataram, written by Bengali poet Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (1838 - 1894), is also featured in the film with vocals by K. S. Chithra. Other "playback singers" are Naushad and Vilayil Fazila.

Song Playback singer Lyrics Duration
"Manathu Maaran" Naushad Moyinkutty Vaidyar
"Dheerasameere Yamunatheere" K. S. Chithra traditional poem
"Muthunava Rathnamukham" Naushad P Abdul Khader and Moyinkutty Vaidyar
"Firdausil Adukkumpol" Naushad and Vilayil Fazila P. Abdul Khader and Moyinkutty Vaidyar
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit) K. S. Chithra Bankim Chandra Chatterjee


  1. ^ Sreedhar Pillai. Celluloid Sultans of Kerala December 31, 1988 India Today Archives
  2. ^ "1921". www.malayalachalachithram.com. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  3. ^ "1921". malayalasangeetham.info. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  4. ^ "1921". spicyonion.com. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  5. ^ T Damodaran cremated with state honours MARCH 28, 2012 The Mathrubhumi daily
  6. ^ Sampurn Media. Mammootty - IV Sasi - Damodaran together again April 23, 2010 The New Indian Express
  7. ^ "List of Malayalam Films Released During the Year 1988". Information and Public Relations Department, Government of Kerala. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  8. ^ Sreedhar Pillai. Celluloid Sultans of Kerala December 31, 1988 India Today Archives

External links[edit]