1922 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1922.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Hydriomena? protrita[2]

sp. nov

valid

Priabonian

Florissant Formation

 USA

A geometrid moth

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named phytosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Angistorhinopsis[3]

Nomen dubium

Friedrich von Huene

Late Triassic (Rhaetian)

Knollenmergel

  Switzerland

A member of Pseudopalatinae.

Leptosuchus

Valid taxon

Case[4]

Late Triassic (early Norian)

Tecovas Formation

 United States ( Texas)

A basal member of Leptosuchomorpha.

Promystriosuchus

Valid taxon

Case[4]

Late Triassic (early Norian)

Tecovas Formation

 United States ( Texas)

A basal phytosaur

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[5]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Alamosaurus[6] Valid taxon

early Maastrichtian (late Edmontonian)

lower Ojo Alamo Formation (Naashoibito Member)

 United States

A titanosaur.

Dromaeosaurus[7] Valid taxon
  • Matthew

middle Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

 Canada

A dromaeosaurid.

Erectopus[8] Valid taxon

Phosphate-bearing beds of La Penthèive (Mammilatum Zone)

early Albian

 France

A metriacanthosaurid.

Parasaurolophus[9] Valid taxon
  • Parks

middle-late Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation
Fruitland Formation
Kaiparowits Formation
Kirtland Formation

 Canada
 United States

A lambeosaurine hadrosaurid.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Eurycleidus

Valid

Andrews

Hettangian-Sinemurian

Lower Lias

 England

A rhomaleosaurid. A new genus for "Plesiosaurus" arcuatus Owen (1840)

Leptocleidus

Valid

Andrews

Barremian

Weald Clay

 England

A leptocleidid.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dvinia

Valid

Eosimops

Valid

Inostrancevia

Valid

Oligokyphus

Valid

Venjukovia

Valid

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Cockerell, T. D. A. (1922). "A fossil Moth from Florissant, Colorado". American Museum Novitates 34: 1–2. 
  3. ^ Huene, F. von 1922, Neue Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Parasuchier: Jahrbuch der Preussichen Geologischen Landesanstalt zu Berlin, v. 42, n. 1, p. 59-160.
  4. ^ a b Case, E. C., 1922, New reptiles and stegocephalians from the Upper Triassic of Western Texas: Carnegie Institute of Washington, Publication n. 321, p. 1-84.
  5. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  6. ^ Gilmore, C.W. 1922. A new sauropod dinosaur from the Ojo Alamo formation of New Mexico. Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 72: pp. 1-9.
  7. ^ Matthew, W.D. and B. Brown. 1922. The family Deinodontidae with notice of a new genus from the Cretaceous of Alberta. Amer. Museum Nat. Hist. Bull. 46: pp. 367-385.
  8. ^ Huene, F. von. 1922. Uber einen Sauropoden im oberen Malm des Bemer Jura. Eclogae Geol. Helvetiae 17: pp. 80-94.
  9. ^ Parks, W.A. 1922. Parasaurolophus walkeri, a new genus and species of crested trachodont dinosaur. Univ. Toronto Stud. (Geol. Ser.) 13: pp. 1-32.