1923 in literature
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In poetry: 1920 1921 1922 -1923- 1924 1925 1926
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The year 1923 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- April 11 - Sean O'Casey's drama The Shadow of a Gunman, the first of his "Dublin Trilogy", opens at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin.
- April 21 - The first of a series of innovative modern dress productions of Shakespeare plays, Cymbeline, directed by H. K. Ayliff, opens at Barry Jackson's Birmingham Repertory Theatre in England.
- May 9 - The première of Bertolt Brecht's play In the Jungle of Cities (Im Dickicht der Städte) at the Residenz Theatre in Munich is disrupted by Nazi demonstrators.
- Mid-June - Date in which Virginia Woolf's 1925 novel Mrs Dalloway is set.
- July 6 - A riot breaks out at the re-staging of Tristan Tzara's Dadaist play The Gas Heart at the Théâtre Michel, Paris, between those artists aligned with André Breton and those aligned with Tzara; the conflict leads to a permanent split in the Dada movement and the founding of Surrealism as an alternative.
- Summer - Teenage brothers Julian and Quentin Bell begin issuing a family newspaper, the Charleston Bulletin, at their Sussex home, Charleston Farmhouse, with occasional contributions by their maternal aunt Virginia Woolf.
- September - T. S. Eliot's poem The Waste Land (1922) is first published in the United Kingdom in book form complete with notes in a limited edition by the Hogarth Press of London, run by Eliot's Bloomsbury friends Leonard and Virginia Woolf, the type handset by Virginia.
- December 28 - George Bernard Shaw's drama Saint Joan is premiered at the Garrick Theatre (New York City) on Broadway by the Theatre Guild with Winifred Lenihan in the title role.
- Dorothy L. Sayers' fictional English detective Lord Peter Wimsey makes his first appearance in print in the novel Whose Body? (U.S. publication precedes U.K.)
- Poet Xu Zhimo founds the Crescent Moon Society in China.
- The Swedish printers Almqvist & Wiksell of Uppsala move into publishing.
- Sherwood Anderson - Many Marriages
- Gertrude Atherton - Black Oxen
- Arnold Bennett - Riceyman Steps
- Elizabeth Bowen - Encounters (short stories)
- Max Brand - Seven Trails
- Edgar Rice Burroughs - Tarzan and the Golden Lion
- Hall Caine - The Woman of Knockaloe
- Willa Cather - A Lost Lady
- Alphonse de Chateaubriant - La Brière
- Agatha Christie - The Murder on the Links
- Colette - Le Blé en herbe
- Joseph Conrad - The Rover
- Marie Corelli - Love and the Philosopher
- Susan Ertz - Madame Claire
- Hans Fallada - Anton und Gerda
- Zona Gale - Faint Perfume
- Philip Gibbs - The Middle of the Road
- Jaroslav Hašek - The Good Soldier Švejk (Osudy dobrého vojáka Švejka za světové války)
- Ernest Hemingway - Three Stories and Ten Poems
- Georgette Heyer - The Great Roxhythe
- Aldous Huxley - Antic Hay
- D. H. Lawrence
- Hugh Lofting - The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle
- Agnes Mure Mackenzie - Without Conditions
- Stratis Myrivilis - Η ζωή εν τάφω (I zoí en tafo, "Life in the Tomb"; serialization)
- Zofia Nałkowska - Romans Teresy Hennert ("The Romance of Teresa Hennert")
- Liam O'Flaherty - Thy Neighbour's Wife
- Marcel Proust - The Prisoner (La Prisonnière, vol. 5 of In Search of Lost Time)
- Felix Salten - Bambi, A Life in the Woods
- Dorothy L. Sayers - Whose Body?
- James Stephens - Deirdre
- Italo Svevo - La Coscienza di Zeno
- Alexei Tolstoy - Aelita
- Jean Toomer - Cane
- H. G. Wells - Men Like Gods
- William Carlos Williams - The Great American Novel
- Margaret Wilson -The Able McLaughlins
- P. G. Wodehouse
- Virginia Woolf - "Mrs Dalloway in Bond Street"
- Bertolt Brecht - In the Jungle of Cities
- Georg Kaiser - Side by Side
- Sean O'Casey - The Shadow of a Gunman
- Elmer Rice - The Adding Machine
- Arnold Ridley - The Ghost Train
- Jules Romains - Knock
- George Bernard Shaw - Saint Joan
- Ernst Toller - Hinkemann
- Sergei Tretyakov - Do You Hear, Moscow? and Earth in Turmoil
- Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz - The Madman and the Nun and The Crazy Locomotive
- The Ramona Pageant
Main article: 1923 in poetry
- E. E. Cummings - Tulips and Chimneys
- Robert Frost - New Hampshire (including "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening")
- Pablo Neruda - Crepusculario
- Sukumar Ray - Abol Tabol
- Wallace Stevens - Harmonium
- David Vogel - Lifney Hasha'ar Ha'afel ("Before the Dark Gate")
- William Carlos Williams
- Vladimir Arsenyev - Dersu Uzala
- E. K. Chambers - The Elizabethan Stage
- Le Corbusier - Vers une architecture (Toward an Architecture)
- Sigmund Freud - The Ego and the Id
- Khalil Gibran - The Prophet
- Robert Henri - The Art Spirit
- Rudyard Kipling - The Irish Guards in the Great War
- Arthur Moeller van den Bruck - Das Dritte Reich
- Max Weber - Wirtschaftsgeschichte
- January 6 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (died 1999)
- January 10 – Ingeborg Drewitz, German novelist and dramatist (died 1986)
- January 16 – Anthony Hecht, American poet (died 2004)
- January 29 – Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (died 1981)
- January 31 – Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist (died 2007)
- February 2 – James Dickey, American poet and author (died 1997)
- February 9 – Brendan Behan, Irish writer and playwright (died 1964)
- March 26 – Elizabeth Jane Howard, English novelist (died 2014)
- March 27 – Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born American poet
- March 30 – Milton Acorn, Canadian poet, writer, and playwright (died 1986)
- April 3 – Daniel Hoffman, American poet
- April 21 – John Mortimer, English barrister, dramatist and screenwriter (died 2009)
- April 23 – Manuel Mejía Vallejo, Colombian novelist (died 1998)
- May 1 – Joseph Heller, American novelist (died 1999)
- May 21 – Dorothy Hewett, Australian poet, playwright and novelist (died 2002)
- June 24 – Yves Bonnefoy, French poet and essayist
- July 2 – Wisława Szymborska, Polish poet and essayist (died 2012)
- July 16 – Mari Evans, American poet
- July 17 – James Purdy, American writer
- September 13 – Miroslav Holub, Czech poet (died 1998)
- September 22 – Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer (died 2014)
- October 5 – Stig Dagerman, Swedish author and journalist (died 1954)
- October 15 – Italo Calvino, Italian writer (died 1985)
- October 24 – Denise Levertov, British-born American poet (died 1997)
- November 20 – Nadine Gordimer, South African writer (died 2014)
- Unknown dates
- January 3 – Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (born 1883)
- January 9 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (born 1888)
- February 1 – Ernst Troeltsch, German theologian (born 1865)
- February 8 – Bernard Bosanquet, English philosopher and political theorist (born 1848)
- March 6 – William Boyle, Irish dramatist and short story writer (born 1853)
- March 26 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (born 1844)
- March 29 – J. Smeaton Chase, English–American author and photographer (born 1864)
- May 10 – Ulderiko Donadini, Croatian novelist, dramatist and short story writer (suicide, born 1894)
- May 23 – Henry Bradley, English philologist and lexicographer (born 1845)
- June 4 – Hume Nisbet, Scottish-born thriller writer and artist (born 1849)
- June 10
- June 22 – Morris Rosenfeld, Yiddish poet (born 1862)
- June 24 – Edith Södergran, Finnish Swedish poet (born 1892)
- August 24 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children's author (born 1856)
- October 6 – Oscar Browning, English historian (born 1837)
- October 8 – Florence Montgomery, English novelist and children's writer (born 1843)
- October 14 – Marcellus Emants, Dutch novelist (born 1848)
- December 1 – Virginie Loveling, Flemish poet and novelist (born 1836)
- December 4 – Maurice Barrès, French novelist and journalist (born 1862)
- Unknown date – George Wharton James, journalist (born 1858)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Arnold Bennett, Riceyman Steps
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Sir Ronald Ross, Memoirs, Etc.
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Hugh Lofting, The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle
- Nobel Prize for Literature: William Butler Yeats
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Owen Davis, Icebound
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Edna St. Vincent Millay: The Ballad of the Harp-Weaver: A Few Figs from Thistles: Eight Sonnets in American Poetry, 1922. A Miscellany
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Willa Cather - One of Ours
- Morris, Sylvia (2012-01-13). "Innovating in Birmingham: Barry Jackson and modern dress Shakespeare". The Shakespeare blog. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Gallup, Donald (1969). T. S. Eliot: A Bibliography (Revised and extended ed.). New York: Harcourt, Brace & World. pp. 29–31, 208.
- Harben, Niloufer. Twentieth-century English history plays: from Shaw to Bond. p. 31. ISBN 0-389-20734-9.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
- In The Dial vol. 75, no. 1, July.
- Carmi, T., ed. (1981). The Penguin Book of Hebrew Verse. Penguin. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-14-042197-2.