1923 in sports
1923 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- College football national championship – California Golden Bears, Cornell Big Red, Illinois Fighting Illini and Michigan Wolverines (shared)
- Formation of the Bulgarian Football Union (BFU)
- The Football League – Liverpool 60 points, Sunderland 54, Huddersfield Town 53, Newcastle United 48, Everton 47, Aston Villa 46
- FA Cup final – Bolton Wanderers 2–0 West Ham United at Empire Stadium, Wembley, London. The match, known as the "White Horse Final", is the inaugural Wembley final.
- The Third Division North expands from 20 to 22 clubs, bringing the total number of Football League clubs to 88. With Stalybridge Celtic expelled, the new clubs are Doncaster Rovers, New Brighton (1923–1951) and AFC Bournemouth.
- Rapid Bucureşti is founded under the name "Cultural and Sporting Association CFR" (in Romanian: Asociatia culturala si sportiva C.F.R.) by a group of workers at the Grivita workshops.
- Formation of the Turkish Football Federation (Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu or TFF)
- Essendon wins the 27th VFL Premiership: Essendon 8.15 (63) d Fitzroy 6.10 (46) at Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
- 10–15 October — New York Yankees (AL) defeats New York Giants (NL) to win the 1923 World Series by 4 games to 2
Major League Baseball
Negro League Baseball
- The Eastern Colored League (ECL) plays its first season with six teams: Hilldale Daisies, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Cuban Stars (East), New York Lincoln Giants, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, and Baltimore Black Sox. Hilldale wins the first pennant. Afterward the league votes for expansion to eight teams, accepting the Harrisburg Giants and the Washington Potomacs.
- The Negro National League completes its fourth season with the Kansas City Monarchs winning their first pennant after three years of domination by Rube Foster's Chicago American Giants. The other teams in the league are Indianapolis ABC's, Detroit Stars, St. Louis Stars, Cuban Stars (West), Toledo Tigers, and Milwaukee Bears. The Tigers and Bears disband during the season and three teams play under "associate" status for the remainder of the season: Cleveland Tate Stars, Birmingham Black Barons, and Memphis Red Sox.
- Oscar "Heavy" Johnson wins the NNL triple crown, leading in batting average, home runs, and RBI, while Wilbur "Bullet" Rogan leads in wins and strikeouts. Raleigh "Biz" Mackey is the batting leader in the ECL with Jesse "Nip" Winters leading in most pitching categories.
- There is no World Series between the two champions this year, owing to enmity between Rube Foster and the ECL president Ed Bolden
- 18 June — Jimmy Wilde's long reign as World Flyweight Champion ends when he is knocked out by Filipino Pancho Villa in the 7th round in New York City
- 31 August — Harry Greb, arguably the greatest-ever middleweight, takes the world title when he defeats Johnny Wilson over 15 rounds in New York City
- 14 September — Jack Dempsey knocks out Luis Firpo in the second round of a sensational fight at the Polo Grounds in New York City to retain his World Heavyweight Championship title.
Lineal world champions
- World Heavyweight Championship – Jack Dempsey
- World Light Heavyweight Championship – Battling Siki → Mike McTigue
- World Middleweight Championship – Johnny Wilson → Harry Greb
- World Welterweight Championship – Mickey Walker
- World Lightweight Championship – Benny Leonard
- World Featherweight Championship – Johnny Kilbane → Eugene Criqui → Johnny Dundee
- World Bantamweight Championship – Joe Lynch
- World Flyweight Championship – Jimmy Wilde → Pancho Villa
- In a cold, damp English summer, a West Indian team is on tour, winning six and losing 7 first-class matches.
- County Championship – Yorkshire
- Minor Counties Championship – Buckinghamshire
- Most runs – Patsy Hendren 2934 @ 77.21 (HS 200*)
- Most wickets – Maurice Tate 219 @ 13.97 (BB 8–30)
- Wisden Cricketers of the Year – Arthur Gilligan, Roy Kilner, George Macaulay, Cec Parkin, Maurice Tate
- Sheffield Shield – New South Wales
- Most runs – Percy Chapman 782 @ 65.16 (HS 134*)
- Most wickets – Arthur Mailey 55 @ 21.58 (BB 6–45)
- Currie Cup – not contested
- Inter-Colonial Tournament – not contested
Tour de France
World Figure Skating Championships
- World Men's Champion – Fritz Kachler (Austria)
- World Women's Champion – Herma Szabo (Austria)
- World Pairs Champions – Ludowika Jakobsson-Eilers and Walter Jakobsson (Finland)
- Grand National – Sergeant Murphy
- 1,000 Guineas Stakes – Tranquil
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes – Ellangowan
- Epsom Derby – Papyrus
- Epsom Oaks – Brownhylda
- St. Leger Stakes – Tranquil
- Melbourne Cup – Bitalli
- Queen's Plate – Flowerful
- 29–31 March — Ottawa Senators wins the Stanley Cup for the fifth time, defeating the Edmonton Eskimos by 2 games to 0 in the 1923 Stanley Cup Finals
Grand Prix racing
- 2 July — the 9th French Grand Prix, organised by the Automobile Club de France (ACF), is run at Tours over 799.07 km (22.83 km x 35 laps). The winner is Henry Segrave (Great Britain) driving a Sunbeam in 6:35:19.6. The race is retrospectively referred to as the XVII Grand Prix de l´ACF.
- 9 September — the 3rd Italian Grand Prix is run at Autodromo Nazionale Monza over 800.00 km (10.00 km x 80 laps). The winner is Carlo Salamano (Italy) driving a Fiat 805/405 in 5:27:38.4. The race is officially titled the III Gran Premio d'Italia and is also given the honorary designation of European Grand Prix.
- 30 May — 11th running of the Indianapolis 500 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway is won by Tommy Milton (USA) in a Stutz–Miller122
Le Mans 24 hours
- The inaugural Le Mans 24 hours race is won by André Lagache and René Léonard (both of France) driving a Chenard-Walcker over 128 laps and 2209.536 km.
Far Eastern Championship Games
The Boat Race
- Championship – Hull Kingston Rovers
- Challenge Cup final – Leeds 28–3 Hull at Belle Vue, Wakefield
- Lancashire League Championship – Wigan
- Yorkshire League Championship – Hull
- Lancashire Cup – Wigan 20–2 Leigh
- Yorkshire Cup – York 5–0 Batley
Five Nations Championship
Speed Skating World Championships
- Australian Men's Singles Championship – Pat O'Hara Wood (Australia) defeats Bert St. John (Australia) 6–1 6–1 6–3
- Australian Women's Singles Championship – Margaret Molesworth (Australia) defeats Esna Boyd Robertson (Australia) 6–1 7–5
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Bill Johnston (USA) defeats Francis Hunter (USA) 6–0 6–3 6–1
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Suzanne Lenglen (France) defeats Kitty McKane Godfree (Great Britain) 6–2 6–2
- French Men's Singles Championship – François Blanchy (France) defeats Max Decugis (France) 1–6 6–2 6–0 6–2
- French Women's Singles Championship – Suzanne Lenglen (France) defeats Germaine Golding (France) 6–1 6–4
- American Men's Singles Championship – Bill Tilden (USA) defeats Bill Johnston (USA) 6–4 6–1 6–4
- American Women's Singles Championship – Helen Wills Moody (USA) defeats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (Norway) 6–2 6–1
- 1923 International Lawn Tennis Challenge – United States 4–1 Australia at West Side Tennis Club (grass) New York City, United States