1926 Tour de France

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1926 Tour de France
Map of France with 17 cities shown, connected by red lines. Most of the shown cities are close to the border, except the ones labeled "Dijon" and "Paris".
Route of the 1926 Tour de France
Followed counterclockwise, starting in Evian,
going counter-clockwise around France, and then to Paris.
Race details
Dates 20 June–18 July 1926
Stages 17
Distance 5,745 km (3,570 mi)
Winning time 238h 44' 25" (24.064 km/h or 14.953 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Lucien Buysse (Belgium) (Automoto–Hutchinson)
Second  Nicolas Frantz (Luxembourg) (Alcyon–Dunlop)
Third  Bartoloméo Aymo (Italy) (Alcyon–Dunlop)
1925
1927

The 1926 Tour de France was the 20th Tour de France, taking place June 20 to July 18, 1926. It consisted of 17 stages with a total distance of 5745 km, ridden at an average speed of 24.064 km/h.

The longest tour in history,[1] the route traced closely the borders of France. It was the first time that the race started outside Paris;[1] in this way riders were forced to climb the mountains in the east of the country twice, once at the beginning of the race, and again at the end.[2] The race was won by Belgian cyclist Lucien Buysse.

Changes from 1925 Tour de France[edit]

In 1925, the number of stages had been increased from 15 (which was common since 1910) to 18 stages. In 1926, this was decreased to 17 stages. Tour organiser Henri Desgrange wanted to have longer stages, so the average stage length increased from 312 km per stage in 1925 to 338 km per stage in 1926.[3]

Pre-race favourites[edit]

There were 126 cyclists who started the Tour de France; 82 of them were touriste-routiers, cyclists who did not have the support from a team. The other 44 cyclists started the race in teams; some teams only had two cyclists.[4] The two teams with favourites were Automoto and Alcyon. The Automoto team had Ottavio Bottecchia, the winner of the last two editions of the race, and Lucien Buysse, the runner-up of the previous edition. The Alcyon team had Bartolomeo Aymo and Nicolas Frantz, third and fourth in 1925. They also had Adelin Benoit, and the Tour organisation thought that the battle would be between Bottecchia and Benoit.[3]

Race details[edit]

Cow looking at racing cyclist Jules Buysse, who will win the first stage (Evian-Mulhouse).

Jules Buysse started strong in the first stage, by finishing solo with a margin of more than 13 minutes. The second stage ended with a bunch sprint, so nothing changed in the general classification. In the third stage, he lost the lead to Gustaaf van Slembrouck. On that day, Lucien Buysse received the news that his daughter had died. He considered to leave the race, but decided to stay.[3] The next stages all ended in bunch sprints, with all the favourites in the first group. In the sixth stage, Félix Sellier won the sprint. However, the jury decided that he had not sprinted according to the rules, and he was set back to second place, making Joseph van Dam the winner.[5]

The battle for the general classification seriously began in the tenth stage. That tenth stage was a tough stage, and has been labeled as the toughest stage ever in the Tour de France;[6] 76 cyclists started the race at midnight, and more than seventeen hours later, Lucien Buysse arrived as the winner. After twenty-five minutes, the next cyclist came in. After one hour, only 10 cyclists had finished, so the Tour de France organisation sent cars to look for the cyclists.[2] At midnight, 47 cyclists had arrived, some of them in buses.[7] The race officials decided to allow the cyclists 40% more time than the winning cyclist.[8] Later that night, 54 cyclists had crossed the finish line, and the remaining 22 cyclists were gathered; they were no longer in the race.[2] After the stage, the race officials were approached by a man who claimed that he had brought some cyclists to the finish line with his car, but that the cyclists had not paid him. The officials decided not to punish the cyclists, and paid the driver.[8] Gustaaf Van Slembrouck, wearing the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification, officially finished in 20th place, two hours behind Buysse. Year later, Van Slembrouck said that during the stage he had said to Tour organiser Desgrange that he was giving up, and Desgrange ordered a car to bring Van Slembrouck to the finish.[6] The same stage with the same mountains had also been in the 1913 Tour de France; then the weather was better, and winner Philippe Thys only took 13 hours to finish the stage.[2] One of the cyclists who had not finished the stage was the defending champion, Ottavio Bottecchia.[7]

When Buysse also won the next stage, his victory was assured,[7] as he was leading by more than one hour.[4] From that moment, Buysse saved his energy, and the race continued for the second place between Frantz and Aimo.[3] At the end of the race, Frantz was in second place, only 26 seconds before Aimo.

Results[edit]

In each stage, all cyclists started together. The cyclist who reached the finish first, was the winner of the stage. The time that each cyclist required to finish the stage was recorded. For the general classification, these times were added up; the cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.

Stage winners[edit]

In 1926, there were no French stage winners. This was the first time that this happened, and has since only happened again in 1999.[2]

Stage results[4][9]
Stage Date[10] Route Terrain[Notes 1] Length Winner Race leader
1 20 June EvianMülhausen Plain stage 373 km (232 mi)  Jules Buysse (BEL)  Jules Buysse (BEL)
2 22 June Mülhausen – Metz Plain stage 334 km (208 mi)  Aimé Dossche (BEL)  Jules Buysse (BEL)
3 24 June Metz – Dunkerque Plain stage 433 km (269 mi)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
4 26 June Dunkerque – Le Havre Plain stage 361 km (224 mi)  Félix Sellier (BEL)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
5 28 June Le Havre – Cherbourg Plain stage 357 km (222 mi)  Adelin Benoit (BEL)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
6 30 June Cherbourg – Brest Plain stage 405 km (252 mi)  Joseph van Dam (BEL)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
7 2 July Brest – Les Sables d'Olonne Plain stage 412 km (256 mi)  Nicolas Frantz (LUX)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
8 3 July Les Sables d'Olonne – Bordeaux Plain stage 285 km (177 mi)  Joseph van Dam (BEL)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
9 4 July Bordeaux – Bayonne Plain stage 189 km (117 mi)  Nicolas Frantz (LUX)  Gustaaf van Slembrouck (BEL)
10 6 July Bayonne – Luchon Stage with mountain(s) 326 km (203 mi)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
11 8 July Luchon – Perpignan Stage with mountain(s) 323 km (201 mi)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
12 10 July Perpignan – Toulon Plain stage 427 km (265 mi)  Nicolas Frantz (LUX)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
13 12 July Toulon – Nice Plain stage 280 km (170 mi)  Nicolas Frantz (LUX)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
14 14 July Nice – Briançon Stage with mountain(s) 275 km (171 mi)  Bartolomeo Aimo (ITA)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
15 16 July Briançon – Evian Stage with mountain(s) 303 km (188 mi)  Joseph van Dam (BEL)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
16 17 July Evian – Dijon Plain stage 321 km (199 mi)  Camille van de Casteele (BEL)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)
17 18 July Dijon – Paris Plain stage 341 km (212 mi)  Aimé Dossche (BEL)  Lucien Buysse (BEL)

General classification[edit]

Lucien Buysse, the winner of the 1926 Tour de France.

The race was won by Belgian Lucien Buysse.

Final general classification (1–10)[4]
Rank Rider Sponsor Time
1  Lucien Buysse (BEL) Automoto–Hutchinson 238h 44' 25"
2  Nicolas Frantz (LUX) Alcyon–Dunlop +1h 22' 25"
3  Bartolomeo Aimo (ITA) Alcyon–Dunlop +1h 22' 51"
4  Théophile Beeckman (BEL) Armor–Dunlop +1h 43' 54"
5  Félix Sellier (BEL) Alcyon–Dunlop +1h 49' 13"
6  Albert Dejonghe (BEL) J.B. Louvet – Wolber +1h 56' 15"
7  Léon Parmentier (BEL) Jean Louvet – Hutchinson +2h 09' 20"
8  Georges Cuvelier (FRA) Meteore–Wolber +2h 28' 32"
9  Jules Buysse (BEL) Automoto–Hutchinson +2h 37' 03"
10  Marcel Bidot (FRA) Thomann–Dunlop +2h 53' 54"

Other classifications[edit]

The race for touriste-routiers, cyclists who did not belong to a team and were allowed no assistance, was won by Italian Rossignoli.[11]

The organising newspaper, l'Auto named a meilleur grimpeur (best climber), an unofficial precursor to the modern King of the Mountains competition. This award was won by Lucien Buysse.[12]

Aftermath[edit]

Lucien Buysse announced after his win that he expected to win again in 1927, but because his sponsor Automoto had financial problems, they could not send a team to the Tours of 1927 and 1928, and Buysse only returned in 1929.[6] Lucien Buysse would never finish the Tour de France again. The winner of the previous edition, Bottecchia, said that he would retire from cycling, after the difficulties he faced in the 1926 Tour de France.

The Tour de France organisation did not like the outcome of the 1926 Tour de France, as 10 of the 17 stages had finished in bunch sprints. For the next year, the rules were changed, and the flat stages were run as team time trials.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There was no distinction in the rules between plain stages and mountain stages; the icons shown here indicate which stages included mountains.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). Tour de France Guide Historique (PDF). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Tom James (15 August 2003). "1926: The longest Tour". VeloArchive. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e McGann, Bill; Mcgann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour De France Volume 1:1903-1964. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 80–84. ISBN 1-59858-180-5. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d "20ème Tour de France 1926" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  5. ^ "19ème Tour de France 1926 - 6ème étape" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c Sierksma, Pieter (27 June 2006). "Tour de France / De zwaarste etappe ooit". Trouw (in Dutch). Retrieved 27 September 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "Historique du Tour - 1926". Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "19ème Tour de France 1926 - 10ème étape" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  9. ^ Arian Zwegers. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  10. ^ "Le Tour de France". Le Petit Journal (in French) (Gallica Bibliothèque Numérique). 19 June 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
  11. ^ "l'Historique du Tour - Année 1926" (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 15 January 2010. 
  12. ^ "Tour-giro-vuelta". Retrieved 21 September 2009.