1926 in aviation
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Years in aviation:||1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s|
|Years:||1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929|
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1926:
- 1 Events
- 2 First flights
- 3 Entered service
- 4 References
- United Airlines established.
- Award of the Harmon Trophy begins. A set of three trophies is awarded annually to the world 's outstanding aviator, aviatrix (female aviator), and aeronaut (balloon or dirigible aviator or aviatrix) for the year, and a fourth trophy (the National Trophy) is awarded to the outstanding aviator for the year in each of the 21 member countries of the International League of Aviators.
- Fiat acquires the Società Anonima Aeronautica Ansaldo aircraft manufacturing subsidiary from the Gio. Ansaldo & C. shipbuilding company and combines it with its own Società Italiana Aviazione subsidiary to form a new Società Anonima Aeronautica d'Italia subsidiary for the design and production of aircraft.
- The first known reforestation of land by aircraft is carried by airplanes operating from Wheeler Field on Oahu in the Territory of Hawaii.
- Summer 1926 – A Lieutenant Jira of Czechoslovakia flies Avia B.9.11 L-BONG 1,800 km (1,100 mi) from Prague to Paris and back at an average speed of 131.2 km/hr (81.5 mph), a notable achievement at the time for an aircraft of the B.9 's class.
- January 6 - Deutsche Luft Hansa is formed by the merger of Deutscher Aero Lloyd and Junkers Luftverkehr
- January 26 - The Plus Ultra, a Dornier Do J hydroplane completes a Trans-Atlantic flight with a crew of Spanish aviators, including Ramón Franco and Julio Ruiz de Alda Miqueleiz.
- March 1 - Four Royal Air Force Fairey IIIDs begin a long-distance flight, taking them from Cairo to Cape Town and then on to Lee-on-Solent, England, where they will arrive on June 2.
- March 16 - Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fuelled rocket near Auburn, Massachusetts.
- April 1 - Italian airline Società Italiana Servizi Aerei begins operations linking Trieste, Venice, Pavia, and Turin with Cant 10 flying boats.
- April 6 - Varney Speed Lines begins operations in the US. It will later become Continental Airlines.
- April 10 - Three United States Army aircraft take photographs of an eruption of Mauna Loa volcano on the island of Hawaii, providing valuable scientific information.
- April 30 - Bessie Coleman, the first licensed African-American female pilot, is killed along with mechanic William Wills, who was piloting the plane, after they crash as a result of a wrench that Wills accidentally left loose getting stuck in the control gears.
- May 6 - Flying a Blackburn Dart, Flight Lieutenant Gerald Boyce makes the first night deck landing in history, landing aboard the British aircraft carrier HMS Furious off the south coast of England.
- May 9 - Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett make the first flight over the North Pole in a Fokker VIIa-3m.
- May 11–14 - Roald Amundsen makes the first airship flight over the North Pole. The Norge leaves Spitsbergen and arrives in Teller, Alaska three days later.
- June 20 - The United States Coast Guard opens the first permanent Coast Guard Air Stations.
- June 30 - Alan Cobham sets out on a round trip from England to Australia in a de Havilland DH.50. He will arrive back in London on October 1 and receive a knighthood for his accomplishment.
- July 2 - The United States Army Air Service becomes the United States Army Air Corps.
- July 24 - Two Luft Hansa Junkers G.24s leave Berlin to make a round-trip to Beijing. They will return on September 26.
- July 26 - During United States Navy experiments with the operation of seaplanes from a submarine equipped with an aircraft hangar, the submarine USS S-1 (SS-105) carries out for the first time a full cycle of surfacing, removing the disassembled seaplane from its hangar, assembling it, launching it, retrieving it, disassembling it, stowing in its hangar, and submerging, on the Thames River at New London, Connecticut.
- September 10–17 – The Daily Mail sponsors the third and final light airplane trials at Lympne Aerodrome in Lympne, England. A Hawker Cygnet flown by George Bulman wins. Flying an Avro 581 Avian, Bert Hinkler takes second place in three of the six trials before withdrawing with magneto problems.
- September 26 – The French aviators Dieudonné Costes and René de Vitrolles fly 4,100 km (2,546 miles) from Paris, France, to Assuan, Egypt, in an attempt to break the world distance record.
- October 21 - British airship R.33 makes further parasite fighter tests, releasing two Gloster Grebes from 2,500 ft (762 m).
- October 22 - Curtiss F6C Hawk fighters of the United States Navy 's Fighter Squadron 2 (VF-2) surprise U.S. Navy capital ships sortieing from San Pedro Harbor, California, with a simulated dive-bombing attack, diving almost vertically from 12,000 feet (3,658 m). It generally is considered the birth of modern dive bombing.
- October 28 – The French aviators Dieudonné Costes and J. Rignot break the world distance record, flying 5,396 km (3,351 miles) from Paris, France, to Jask, Persia, as a part of 19,625-km (12,187-mile) Paris-India-Paris flight.
- November 13 - Schneider Trophy race flown at Hampton Roads, Virginia, USA. Won by Mario de Bernardi (Italy) in a Macchi M.39 at 396.698 km/h (246.497 mph), a new world speed record.
- November 15 - T. Neville Stack and B. S. Leete leave England in an attempt to reach India by air in a de Havilland DH.60. They will arrive in Karachi on January 8, 1927.
- November 17 - Mario de Bernardi breaks his four-day-old world speed record, reaching 416.618 km/h (258.875 mph) in the same Macchi M.39 at Hampton Roads, Virginia, USA.
- December 22 - Bert Hinkler and John F. Leeming, flying an Avro 585 Gosport biplane G-EBPH, successfully land on and take off from the summit of Helvellyn in England.
- April 24 - Handley Page Harrow (HP.31)
- July 6 – Macchi M.39
- October 27 - Blériot 165
- Breguet 19 B.2 bomber variant with the 11e Régiment d'Aviation de Bombardement of the French Army 's Aéronautique Militaire
- June 16 – Armstrong Whitworth Argosy G-EBLO with Imperial Airways
- Chant, Chris, The World 's Great Bombers, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2000, ISBN 978-0-7607-2012-7, p. 48.
- Aviation Hawaii: 1920-1929 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
- Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 72.
- Taylor 1988, p.102—103.
- Sturtivant, Ray, British Naval Aviation: The Fleet Air Arm, 1917-1990, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990, ISBN 0-87021-026-2, p. 215.
- A Chronological History of Coast Guard Aviation: The Early Years, 1915-1938.
- Coast Guard Aviation History.
- Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 78.
- Peattie, Mark R., Sunburst: The Rise of Japanese Naval Air Power 1909-1941, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2001, ISBN 978-1-55750-432-6, p. 39.
- Smith, Peter C., Dive Bomber!, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1982, ISBN 978-0-87021-930-6, pp. 23-24.
- Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 63.
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN 978-0-517-56588-9, p. 462.
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 74.
- Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 187.
- Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 63.
- Taylor, H.A. Fairey Aircraft since 1915. London:Putnam, 1988. ISBN 978-0-370-00065-7.