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|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1890s 1900s 1910s – 1920s – 1930s 1940s 1950s|
|Years:||1924 1925 1926 – 1927 – 1928 1929 1930|
|1927 by topic:|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Works and introductions categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2680|
|British Regnal year||16 Geo. 5 – 17 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
4623 or 4563
— to —
丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
4624 or 4564
|- Vikram Samvat||1983–1984|
|- Shaka Samvat||1849–1850|
|- Kali Yuga||5028–5029|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 2
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 16
|Thai solar calendar||2470|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1927.|
- January 1 – The Cristero War erupts in Mexico when Catholic rebels attack the government, which had placed heavy restrictions on the Catholic Church.
- January 7 – The first transatlantic telephone call is made via radio from New York City to London.
- January 9 – A military rebellion is crushed in Lisbon, Portugal.
- January 15 – Teddy Wakelam gives the first sports commentary on BBC Radio.
- January 19 – Great Britain sends troops to China to protect foreign nationals from spreading anti-foreign riots in Central China.
- January 30 – Right-wing veterans and the Republican Schutzbund clash in Schattendorf, Austria, with two fatalities resulting (see also July 15).
- February – Werner Heisenberg formulates his famous uncertainty principle while employed as a lecturer at Niels Bohr's Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen.
- February 12 – The first British troops land in Shanghai.
- February 14 – An earthquake in Yugoslavia kills 100.
- February 19
- February 23 – The U.S. Federal Radio Commission (later renamed the Federal Communications Commission) begins to regulate the use of radio frequencies.
- March 4 – A diamond rush in South Africa includes trained athletes that have been hired by major companies to stake claims.
- March 7 – A Richter Scale 7.6 magnitude earthquake kills at least 2,925 at Toyooka and Mineyama area, in western Honshu, Japan.
- March 10 – Albania mobilizes in case of an attack by Yugoslavia.
- March 11
- March 13 – Fritz Lang's culturally influential film Metropolis premieres in Germany.
- March 24 – Nanjing Incident: After six foreigners have been killed in Nanjing and it appears that Kuomintang and Communist Party of China forces would overrun the foreign consulates, warships of the U.S. Navy and the British Royal Navy fire shells and shot to disperse the crowds.
- April 1 – U.S. Bureau of Prohibition founded (under Department of the Treasury).
- April 5 – In Britain, the Trade Disputes and Trade Union Act 1927 forbids strikes of support.
- April 7 – Bell Telephone Co. transmits an image of Herbert Hoover (then the Secretary of Commerce), which becomes the first successful long distance demonstration of television.
- April 12
- The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 renames the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The change acknowledges that the Irish Free State is no longer part of the Kingdom.
- Kuomintang troops kill number of communist-supporting workers in Shanghai. The incident is called the April 12 Incident, or the Shanghai Massacre. The 1st United Front between the Nationalists and Communist ends, and the Civil War lasting until 1949 begins.
- April 14 – The first Volvo automobile rolled off the production line in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- April 18 – The Kuomintang (Nationalist Chinese) set up a government in Nanking, China.
- April 21 – A banking crisis hits Japan.
- April 22–May 5 – The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 strikes 700,000 people in the greatest natural disaster in American history through that time.
- April 27
- May – Philo Farnsworth of the United States transmits his first experimental electronic TV motion pictures, as opposed to the electromechanical TV systems that others had used before.
- May 9 – The Australian Parliament convenes for the first time in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. Previously, the Parliament had met in Melbourne, State of Victoria.
- May 11 – The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the "Academy" in "Academy Awards", is founded.
- May 12 – British police officers raid the office of the Soviet trade delegation in London.
- May 13 – King George V proclaims the change of his title from King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to King of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- May 17 – The U.S. Army aviation pioneer Major Harold Geiger dies in the crash of his Airco DH-4 airplane, at Olmsted Field, Pennsylvania.
- May 18 – Bath School bombings: Criminal bombings result in 45 deaths, mostly of school children, in Bath Township, Michigan.
- May 20 – Saudi Arabia becomes independent of the United Kingdom by the Treaty of Jeddah.
- May 20–May 21 – Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo, nonstop transatlantic airplane flight, carried out from New York City to Paris, France, in his single-engined aircraft, the Spirit of St. Louis.
- May 22 – A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Xining, China kills about 200,000 people.
- May 23 – Nearly 600 members of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers viewed a live demonstration of television at the Bell Telephone Building in New York City, just over a year after John Logie Baird of Scotland had first demonstrated an electromechanical television system to the members of the Royal Society in London.
- May 24 – The United Kingdom cuts its diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union due to revelations of espionage and underground agitation.
- June 4 – Yugoslavia severs diplomatic relations with Albania.
- June 4–6 – Clarence Chamberlain and Charles Albert Levine takeoff from Roosevelt Field, New York, and fly to Eisleben, Germany, in the Wright-Bellanca WB-2 Columbia aircraft Miss Columbia, two weeks after Charles Lindbergh's historic solo flight.
- June 7 – Peter Voikov, the Soviet ambassador to Poland, is murdered.
- June 9 – The Soviet Union executes 20 Britons for alleged espionage.
- June 13
- June 28: Iberia Spanish Airlines was established.
- June 29 – A total eclipse of the sun took place over Wales, northern England, southern Scotland, Norway, northern Sweden, northmost Finland, and the northmost extremes of Russia.
- June 29-July 1 – Commander Richard E. Byrd, Bernt Balchen, George Noville, and Bert Acosta take off from Roosevelt Field, New York, in the Fokker Trimotor airplane America and cross the Atlantic to the coast of France, having to ditch there because of bad weather. All four of the men survived the emergency landing.
- July 1 – The Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration (FDIA) is established.
- July 10 – Kevin O'Higgins, the Vice-President of the Irish Free State, is assassinated in Dublin.
- July 11 – An earthquake strikes Palestine, killing around 300 people. The effects are especially severe in Nablus, but damage and fatalities are also reported in many areas of Palestine and Transjordan such as Amman, Salt, Jordan, and Lydda.
- July 13 – On this day the Rebbe (R. Yosef Yitzchak) was actually freed. The imprisonment began at 2:15 a.m. on Wednesday, Sivan 15, 5687 (June 15, 1927). He remained in exile - in the town of Kostrama - Rusia until one half-hour past mid-day, Wednesday, Tamuz 13, 5687 (July 13, 1927).
- July 15 – 85 protesters and five policemen are left dead after left-wing protesters and the Austrian police clash in Vienna. More than 600 people are injured. See Massacre of July 15, 1927.
- July 24 – The Menin Gate War Memorial is dedicated at Ypres, Belgium.
- August 1 – The Communist Chinese People's Liberation Army is formed during the Nanchang Uprising.
- August 2 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge announces, "I do not choose to run for President in 1928."
- August 7 – The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
- August 10 – The Mount Rushmore Park is rededicated. President Calvin Coolidge promises national funding for the proposed carving of the Presidential figures.
- August 22 – 200 people demonstrate in Hyde Park, London against the death sentencing of Italian immigrant anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti.
- August 23 – Sacco and Vanzetti are executed.
- August 24 – August 25 – Hurricane hits the Atlantic Provinces of Canada, causing massive damage and at least 56 deaths.
- August 26 – Paul R. Redfern leaves Brunswick, Georgia, flying his Stinson Detroiter "Port of Brunswick" to attempt a solo nonstop flight to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He later crashes in the Venezuelan jungle, but the crash site has never been found.
- September – Autumn Harvest Uprising in China.
- September 7 – The University of Minas Gerais is founded in Brazil.
- September 14 – An underwater earthquake in Japan kills over 100 people.
- September 18 – The Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System (later known as CBS) is formed and goes on the air with 47 radio stations.
- September 25 – A treaty signed by the League of Nations Slavery Commission abolished all types of slavery.
- September 27 – 79 are killed and 550 are injured in the East St. Louis Tornado, the 2nd costliest and at least 24th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
- October – The Fifth Solvay Conference held in the latter half of the month establishes the acceptance of the Copenhagen interpretation.
- October 4 – The actual carving begins at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota.
- October 6 – The Jazz Singer opens in the United States and it becomes a huge success, although silent films continue to be made for some time.
- October 8 – Murderer's Row: The New York Yankees complete a four-game sweep of the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series.
- October 9 – The Mexican government crushes a rebellion in Vera Cruz.
- October 18 – The first flight of Pan American Airways takes off from Key West, Florida, bound for Havana, Cuba.
- October 27
- The Italian steamer ship Principessa Mafalda capsizes off Porto Seguro, Brazil. At least 314 people are killed.
- Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands opens the Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen, Holland
- At 5:50 a.m. a ground fault gives way, causing the mine and part of the town of Worthington to collapse into a large chasm located in Ontario. Nobody is injured in the incident, as the area had been evacuated the night before after a mine foreman noticed abnormal rock shifts in the mine.
- November 1 – İsmet İnönü forms the new government in Turkey (The 5th government).
- November 3 – November 4 – Floods devastating Vermont cause the "worst natural disaster in the state's history".
- November 4 – Frank Heath and his horse Gypsy Queen return to Washington, D.C., having completed a two-year journey of 11,356 miles to all 48 of the states (of that time).
- November 12
- Mahatma Gandhi makes his first and last visit to Ceylon.
- Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin with undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
- The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River linking New Jersey with New York City.
- November 14 – The Pittsburgh Gasometer Explosion: Three Equitable Gas storage tanks in the North Side of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania explode, killing 26 people and causing damage estimated between $4.0 million and $5.0 million.
- November 21 – The Colorado state police open fire on 500 rowdy but unarmed miners during a strike, killing six of them.
- December – Communist Party congress condemns all deviation from the general party line in the USSR.
- December 2 – Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.
- December 14 – Iraq gains independence from Britain.
- December 15 – Marion Parker, 12, is kidnapped in Los Angeles. Her dismembered body is found on December 19, prompting the largest manhunt to date on the West Coast for her killer, William Edward Hickman, who is arrested on December 22 in Oregon.
- December 17 – The U.S. submarine S-4 is accidentally rammed and sunk by the United States Coast Guard cutter John Paulding off Provincetown, Massachusetts, killing everyone aboard despite several unsuccessful attempts to raise the submarine.
- December 19 –3 Indian Revolutionaries viz Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil, Thakur Roshan Singh and Ashfaqulla Khan were executed by the British Raj. Rajendra Nath Lahiri had been executed two days before.
- December 27 – Kern and Hammerstein's musical play, Show Boat, based on Edna Ferber's novel, opens on Broadway and then goes on to become the first great classic of the American musical theater.
- December 30 – The first Japanese commuter metro line, the Ginza Line in Tokyo, opens.
- The British Broadcasting Corporation is granted a Royal Charter of Incorporation.
- Harold Stephen Black invents the feedback amplifier.
- The Voluntary Committee of Lawyers is founded to bring about the repeal of prohibition of alcohol in United States.
- World population reaches two billion.
- In Britain, 1,000 people a week die from an influenza epidemic.
- January 1
- January 5 – Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, American-born Hindu guru (d. 2001)
- January 10
- January 13
- January 17
- January 23 – Jack Quinlan, Chicago Cubs Radio Broadcaster (d. 1965)
- January 24 – Lasse Pöysti, Finnish writer and playwright
- January 25 – Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian composer (d. 1994)
- January 26 – José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (d. 2005)
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30
- February 1 – Galway Kinnell, American poet
- February 2
- February 3
- February 7
- February 10 – Leontyne Price, American soprano
- February 11 – Nalda Bird, American female professional baseball player (d. 2004)
- February 12 – Rita Meyer, American female professional baseball player (d. 1992)
- February 14 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (d. 2007)
- February 15 – Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian (d. 2008)
- February 16 – June Brown, British actress
- February 17 – John Selfridge, American mathematician (d. 2010)
- February 20
- February 21
- February 23
- February 24 – Mark Lane, American conspiracy theorist
- February 25 – Ralph Stanley, American bluegrass artist
- February 26 – Tom Kennedy, American game show host
- February 27 – Lynn Cartwright, American actress (d. 2004)
- March 1
- March 3 – Pierre Aubert, member of the Swiss Federal Council
- March 4
- March 6
- March 10 – Jupp Derwall, German football player and manager (d. 2007)
- March 11 – Ron Todd, British trade union leader (d. 2005)
- March 12 – Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín, former President of Argentina (d. 2009)
- March 13 – Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
- March 15 – Annastasia Batikis, Greek-American female professional baseball player
- March 16
- March 18 – George Plimpton, American writer and actor (d. 2003)
- March 20
- March 21 – Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician
- March 23 – Mato Damjanović, Croatian chess grandmaster (d. 2011)
- March 24 – Martin Walser, German author
- March 25
- March 27 – Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (d. 2007)
- March 29 – John Robert Vane, British pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
- March 31
- April 1 – Leonid Bashmakov, Finnish composer
- April 1 – Peter Cundall, Australian horticulturist and television presenter
- April 2
- April 5 – Chao Li-Chi, Shanxi-born actor (d. 2010)
- April 6 – Gerry Mulligan, American musician (d. 1996)
- April 8 – Tilly Armstrong (alias Tania Langley and Kate Alexander), British writer (d. 2010)
- April 10 – Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2010)
- April 14 – Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
- April 15 – Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
- April 16
- April 18 – Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist (d. 2008)
- April 20
- April 27 – Coretta Scott King, American civil rights leader, wife of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (d. 2006)
- April 29 – Lois Florreich, American female professional baseball player (d. 1991)
- May 9 – Manfred Eigen, German biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- May 11
- May 13 – Herbert Ross, American film director (d. 2001)
- May 20 – Bud Grant, Canadian and American football coach
- May 22 – George Andrew Olah, Hungarian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- May 25 – Robert Ludlum, American author (d. 2001)
- May 27 – Ralph Carmichael, American composer and arranger
- May 30 – Clint Walker, American actor
- June 3 – Boots Randolph, American saxophone player (d. 2007)
- June 8 – Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
- June 10 – Ladislao Kubala, Hungarian football player and manager (d. 2002)
- June 12 – Al Fairweather, Scottish jazz musician (d. 1993)
- June 18 – Paul Eddington, British actor (d. 1995)
- June 21 – Carl Stokes, American politician (d. 1996)
- June 23 – Bob Fosse, American choreographer and director (d. 1987)
- June 24 – Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- June 27
- June 28 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- July 4
- July 6
- July 10
- July 15 – Joe Turkel, American actor
- July 17 – Roy Stuart, American actor (d. 2005)
- July 18 – Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor
- July 26 – Danny La Rue, Irish drag queen (d. 2009)
- July 29 – Ma Jir Bo, Chinese Realism oil painter (d. 1985)
- July 30 – Victor Wong, American actor (d. 2001)
- August 4 – Jess Thomas, American tenor (d. 1993)
- August 7 – Carl Switzer, American actor (d. 1959)
- August 8 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player (d. 1994)
- August 9 – Marvin Minsky, American computer scientist, Turing Award winner (Artificial Intelligence)
- August 12 – Porter Wagoner, American country singer (d. 2007)
- August 18 – Rosalynn Carter, wife of U.S. President Jimmy Carter
- August 19 – L.Q. Jones, American actor
- August 20 – Peter Oakley, also known as geriatric1927, British vlogger
- August 23 – Dick Bruna, Dutch illustrator
- August 24 – Harry Markowitz, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 25 – Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist
- August 26 – Althea Gibson, African-American tennis player (d. 2003)
- August 27 – Fouad al-Tikerly, prominent Iraqi novelist and writer (d. 2008)
- August 30 – Bill Daily, American comedian and dramatic actor
- September 3 – Br. John Hamman S.M. (d. 2000), close-up magician, inventor, Marianist brother
- September 5 – Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, American cartoon
- September 11
- September 16
- September 21
- September 22
- September 24 – Arthur Malet, English actor
- September 25 – Sir Colin Davis, English conductor
- September 27
- September 30 – Adhemar Ferreira da Silva, Brazilian athlete (d. 2001)
- W. S. Merwin, American poet
- October 1 – Tom Bosley, American actor (d. 2010)
- October 6 – Antony Grey, English gay rights activist (d. 2010)
- October 7 – Tony Beckley, English character actor (d. 1980)
- October 8 – César Milstein, Argentine scientist; received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2002)
- October 10 – Dana Elcar, American actor and director (d. 2005)
- October 13 – Lee Konitz, American jazz composer and alto saxophonist
- October 14 – Roger Moore, English actor
- October 16 – Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate
- October 18 – George C. Scott, American actor (d. 1999)
- October 19 – Pierre Alechinsky, Belgian painter
- October 23 – Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher (d. 2009)
- October 28 – Roza Makagonova, Russian actress (d. 1995)
- November 2 – Steve Ditko, American comic-book writer and artist
- November 3 – Peggy McCay, American actress
- November 5 – Kenneth Waller, English actor (d. 2000)
- November 7 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman and president of Nintendo (d. 2013)
- November 8 – Patti Page, American singer (d. 2013)
- November 10 – Sabah, Lebanese singer and actress
- November 14 – McLean Stevenson, American actor (d. 1996)
- November 15 – Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (d. 1992)
- November 17 – Fenella Fielding, English actress
- November 18 – Hank Ballard, American musician (d. 2003)
- November 21
- November 23 – Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (d. 2005)
- November 24
- November 28 – Chuck Mitchell, American actor (d. 1992)
- November 29 – Vin Scully, American baseball broadcaster
- November 30 – Robert Guillaume, American actor
- December 2 – Prabhakar Thokal, Indian cartoonist (d. 1999)
- December 3 – Andy Williams, American singer (d. 2012)
- December 5
- December 7 – Helen Watts, Welsh contralto
- December 8 – Vladimir Shatalov, Russian cosmonaut
- December 9 – Pierre Henry, French composer
- December 12 – Robert Noyce, Intel cofounder (d. 1990)
- December 13 – James Wright, American poet (d. 1980)
- December 17 – Richard Long, American actor (d. 1974)
- December 18 – Roméo LeBlanc, 25th Governor General of Canada (d. 2009)
- December 20 – Charlie Callas, American comedian and singer (d. 2011)
- December 24 – Mary Higgins Clark, famous American novelist
- December 25
- December 26
- December 27 – Genevieve Audrey Wagner, American professional baseball player and Doctor of Medicine (d. 1984)
- December 29 – Andy Stanfield, American athlete (d. 1985)
- January 19 – Empress Carlota of Mexico (b. 1840)
- February 13 – Brooks Adams, American historian (b. 1848)
- February 19 – Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (b. 1847)
- February 26 – Austin M. Knight, American admiral (b. 1854)
- March 4 – Ira Remsen, American chemist, discoverer of saccharin (b. 1846)
- March 14 – Jānis Čakste, Latvian politician, first president of Latvian Republic (b. 1859)
- March 17 – Charles Emmett Mack, American actor (b. 1900)
- March 22 – Templin Potts, American naval officer; 11th Naval Governor of Guam (b. 1855)
- March 23 – Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)
- March 27 – Joe Start, American baseball player (b. 1842)
- April 15 – Gaston Leroux, French journalist and author (b. 1868)
- April 20 – Enrique Simonet, Spanish painter (b. 1866)
- April 25 – Earle Williams, American actor (b. 1880)
- May 2 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (b. 1866)
- May 3 – Ernest Ball, American singer and songwriter (b. 1878)
- May 8 – Charles Nungesser, French aviator and World War I fighter ace (date of disappearance) (b. 1892)
- May 11 – Juan Gris, Spanish sculptor and painter (b. 1887)
- June 1
- June 4 – Robert McKim, American actor (b. 1886)
- June 9 – Victoria Woodhull, American feminist and spiritualist (b. 1838)
- June 11 – William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
- June 14 – Jerome K. Jerome, English writer (b. 1859)
- July 5 – Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
- July 8 – Max Hoffman, German general (b. 1869)
- July 9 – John Drew, Jr., American stage actor (b. 1853)
- July 20 – Ferdinand of Romania, King of Romania (b. 1865)
- July 24 – Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese poet and writer (b. 1892)
- July 26 – June Mathis, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
- August 13 – James Oliver Curwood, America novelist and conservationist (b. 1878)
- August 23
- August 24 – Manuel Díaz Rodríguez, Venezuelan writer (b. 1871)
- September 5
- September 14
- September 19 – Michael Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
- September 29 – Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1860)
- October 2 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
- October 5 – Sam Warner, Hollywood studio executive (b. 1887)
- October 10 – Gustave Whitehead, German-born aviation pioneer (b. 1874)
- October 16 – David Macpherson, Canadian-born American civil engineer (b. 1854)
- October 22
- October 27 – Joseph "Squizzy" Taylor, Australian underworld figure (b. 1888)
- November 1 – Florence Mills, American cabaret singer (b. 1896)
- November 4 – Valli Valli, actress (b. 1882)
- December 17
- December 18 – Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil, Indian Revolutionary, Hindustan Republican Association (b. 1897
- December 19
- Physics – Arthur Holly Compton, Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
- Chemistry – Heinrich Otto Wieland
- Physiology or Medicine – Julius Wagner-Jauregg
- Literature – Henri Bergson
- Peace – Ferdinand Buisson, Ludwig Quidde
- Charles J. Shindo, 1927 and the Rise of Modern America (University Press of Kansas; 244 pages; 2010).